Indonesia, i m sorry is the world"s largest island country and also located between the Indian and the Pacific Ocean, regularly faces the hardship of numerous natural disasters, including earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions.

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On average, at the very least one major natural catastrophe has developed in Indonesia every month due to the fact that the 2004 tsunami, including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and events caused by climate change.


Indonesia has actually coped v the challenges of natural tragedies for hundreds of years, with tape-recorded earthquakes and volcanic eruptions dating ago to the 13th Century. Also just from 1990 come present, the citizens of Indonesia have endured numerous natural disasters, consisting of over a dozen major natural disaster occasions in the last 30 years.

Emergency alert: Indonesia earthquake and tsunami on December 22, 2018


In Indonesia"s 2nd deadly tsunami the this year, residents on the Sunda Strait to be hit v a 10-foot-tall (three meters) tsunami there is no warning. Much more than 400 civilization are reported dead.

As disaster response teams search for survivors, the death toll continues to rise and hundreds stay missing, trapped or displaced.

Nearly 22,000 people have to be evacuated or displaced and many are in need of food, water and straightforward healthcare. That the merganser season in Indonesia, and floods of an ext than 6 feet (two meters) have actually sent even much more people fleeing from your homes, further complicating the response.


We space rushing come get assist to the impacted areas. Mercy Corps’ Indonesia an answer Team is deploying a team and also coordinating with various other organizations, particularly those who can do search and also rescue, as part villages stay inaccessible, clogged by the debris native the tsunami.

How to help Indonesia tsunami and also earthquake relief efforts


As countries and also NGOs look for to respond to the immediate needs that survivors, assistance is necessary to money these relief efforts. By making a donation to catastrophe relief efforts, friend can aid Indonesia tsunami aid reach those most impacted with life-saving medical care and also supplies. Every gift enables us to better respond to the demands of all civilization recovering indigenous these organic disasters.

History of significant Indonesian earthquakes, tsunamis and also other herbal disasters due to the fact that 1990


Because that its geographic location along the Pacific Ring the Fire, Indonesia has actually suffered from thousands of natural catastrophes including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and floods. Earthquakes through a magnitude of 5.0 or reduced occur virtually daily in Indonesia, when more major earthquakes have occurred about once a year transparent the nation"s history. This earthquakes often trigger tsunamis or floods the devastate communities.

The island nation has 136 volcanoes — 61 that which have erupted since 1900 — that are continuously monitored through the country"s Center the Volcanology and also Geological peril Mitigation. Indonesia need to remain in a constant state of organic disaster preparedness, as the country sometimes experiences multiple disasters in a single year. The infrastructure and economy that Indonesia additionally suffer ongoing results from the long history of major natural disasters.

Below space the many severe natural calamities the country has faced because 1990.

Volcanic eruption February 10, 1990

Region Affected: JavaDate: February 10, 1990Event type: volcano EruptionFatalities: 35

Summary of event: mountain Kelud, an active volcano in eastern Java, erupted in February 1990, spewing a pillar of volcanic matter, or tephra, numerous kilometers high. This strong and explosive eruption was categorized as a four on the volcanic Explosivity index (the biggest volcanoes in history have been magnitude 8), making it a cataclysmic eruption. The eruption released several pyroclastic operation of tephra and hot gas and also spewed volcanic debris heavily throughout the neighboring region, as much as 55 kilometers away. Mountain Kelud"s volcanic activity continued into March when the eruption ceased. After ~ the eruption, deposits from the pyroclastic operation piled as high as 25 meter in some places, blocking roads and obstructing the building of the Ampera Tunnel. Mountain Kelud has erupted an ext than 30 times since 1000 AD, producing characteristically violent and explosive eruptions.

Earthquake and also tsunami December 11, 1992


Region Affected: FloresDate: December 11, 1992Event type: Earthquake and TsunamiFatalities: 2,500

Summary of event: In December 1992, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit just off the coastline of the island of Flores in Indonesia. The initial earthquake was complied with by several far-reaching aftershocks and triggered a neighborhood tsunami that struck the coastal city the Maumere v waves together high as 25 meters. The tsunami waves surged inland as far as 300 meters. Globally, the earthquake to be the most dangerous earthquake of 1992, with more than 2,500 fatalities and also over 500 injuries. In the hardest hit areas, an estimated 90 percent of structures were ruined by the earthquake and tsunami and much more than 90,000 human being were left homeless across the region.

Earthquake February 15, 1994

Region Affected: SumatraDate: February 15, 1994Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 207

Summary the event: A 1994 earthquake located in Liwa, a town in southerly Sumatra, caused more 보다 2,000 injuries and over 200 deaths. The earthquake occurred along the an excellent Sumatran fault and had a size of 7.0. Landslides, mudslides and fires likewise followed the earthquake, causing further damage. Thousands of buildings were destroyed in Sumatra and also the earthquake triggered smoke and also gas task from the Suoh volcano. Vibrations from the earthquake could additionally be feel in the bordering islands the Java and Singapore.

Earthquake and also tsunami June 2, 1994

Region Affected: JavaDate: June 2, 1994Event type: Earthquake and TsunamiFatalities: 238

Summary the event: A 7.8 size earthquake occurred turn off the southern coastline of the island the Java near the Java Trench. The slow rupture velocity that the earthquake triggered a neighborhood tsunami through waves as high together 11 meters that crashed onto the east coast of Java and the southwestern shore of Bali. Earthquakes v those features are the most efficient at generating huge tsunamis with little time to issue a warning or evacuation. This earthquake and tsunami in Java in 1994 killed more than 200 people and the shock indigenous the tsunami strike was felt in several bordering areas.

Earthquake February 17, 1996

Region Affected: BiakDate: February 17, 1996Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 164

Summary of event: In February 1996, an earthquake v a moment magnitude of 8.1 occurred off the coastline of Biak Island in Indonesia. The earthquake, i beg your pardon ruptured end 270 kilometers follow me the new Guinea trench, motivated a tsunami with a wave elevation of 7.7 meters. The earthquake and tsunami took 164 lives and left 423 world injured and more than 5,000 world without homes.

Earthquake June 4, 2000

Region Affected: SumatraDate: June 4, 2000Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 103

Summary of event: In June 2000, a 7.9 size earthquake struck near the island that Enggano turn off the coastline of southern Sumatra. The early stage shock was adhered to by more than 730 aftershocks, v the very first occurring only 11 minute later. 3 days later, on June 7, a 6.2 size aftershock hit the region. The earthquake caused substantial damage and landslides, killing more than 100 people and also leaving over 2,000 injured. Adhering to this earthquake come a collection of large and an effective earthquakes that hit Sumatra throughout the 2000s.

Earthquake and also tsunami December 26, 2004


Region Affected: Sumatra-AndamanDate: December 26, 2004Event type: Earthquake and also TsunamiFatalities: 165,945

Summary the event: In December 2004, the largest magnitude earthquake in Indonesia"s history struck off the west coast of north Sumatra follow me the error line between the Indian Plate and also the Burma Plate. Its magnitude was in between 9.1 and 9.3 and it got to a IX on the Mercalli soot scale, which steps the soot of an earthquake based on observed effects. Globally, the 2004 Indian ocean earthquake was the 3rd largest recorded and also had the longest duration of faulting, i beg your pardon lasted as lengthy as ten minutes.

This substantial earthquake triggered a series of tsunamis, later referred to as the Boxing work tsunamis, the struck the coast of Indonesia and also several other countries with shores along the Indian Ocean. The district of Aceh in Sumatra was hit through the biggest tsunami, v waves farming as high as 30 meters. Fourteen countries were impacted by the earthquake and tsunami, i m sorry is described as the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake, and subsequent earthquakes were prompted as much away together Alaska. The Sumatra–Andaman earthquake caused an ext than 227,000 deaths in total, and over 165,000 in Indonesia, making the the deadliest natural disaster the has emerged in the 21st century. Complying with this disaster, humanitarian organizations and countries roughly the world responded with aid amounting to much more than $14 billion.

Earthquake march 28, 2005

Region Affected: SumatraDate: march 28, 2005Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 1,313

Summary of event: much less than a year after ~ the deadly Sumatra–Andaman earthquake, another significant earthquake to win in the same an ar off the coastline of Sumatra. Referred to as the Nias–Simeulue, the earthquake that emerged on march 28 had a magnitude the 8.6, making that the third most an effective earthquake in Indonesia because 1965. End 1,300 human being were killed, and an additional 340 were injured, through the island that Nias experiencing the most fatalities and physical damage. Complying with the mainshock were several large aftershocks varying from 5.5 and also 6.0 in magnitude. Due to the fact that the an ar was quiet recovering from the substantial 2004 earthquake and tsunami, many civilization feared the Nias–Simeulue earthquake would cause a similar tsunami and also some fled to higher ground. Fortunately, the earthquake triggered only little waves together high together 3 meter that led to minimal damages to seaside communities.

Earthquake and also tsunami might 26, 2006


Region Affected: JavaDate: may 26, 2006Event type: Earthquake and also TsunamiFatalities: 5,749

Summary of event: In might 2006, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck off of the southern coastline of Java near the city of Yogyakarta. If this earthquake had actually a lower magnitude 보다 others the country had proficient in the past, that was offered an IX rating ~ above the Mercalli soot scale because of the high variety of casualties and also extreme damage it caused. The earthquake led to over 5,700 casualties and left much more than 38,500 human being injured. The disproportionate amount of damage caused by this earthquake was due in part to the proximity to mountain Merapi, an active volcano. Volcanic eruptions from mountain Merapi had built up volcanic debris, which then intensified the vibrations from the earthquake and also caused soil liquefaction.

Earthquake and tsunami July 17, 2006

Region Affected: JavaDate: July 17, 2006Event type: Earthquake and also TsunamiFatalities: 802

Summary of event: A 7.7 magnitude earthquake occurred in Indonesia off the coast of west and main Java. If the earthquake itself caused no direct damage, it prompted a regional tsunami that flooded around 300 kilometers that coastline and also took more than 800 lives. Due to the fact that the earthquake caused only moderate shocks, there was very small warning prior to the tsunami struck, and many people at the shore were never informed of the pull close wave. The tsunami, which had actually waves in between 5 and 7 meter high in most impacted regions, left over 9,000 world injured.

Earthquake in march 6, 2007

Region Affected: SumatraDate: in march 6, 2007Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 68

Summary the event: On in march 6, 2007, Sumatra was struck by 2 earthquakes back-to-back, which is a phenomenon referred to as an earthquake doublet. The first 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck just two hours prior to the second 6.3 magnitude earthquake, both that which emerged near the northern finish of Lake Singkarak. The rupture from the first earthquake likely enhanced the stress roughly the container under the lake, leading to a second rupture farther phibìc on the exact same fault segment. Together these earthquakes caused more 보다 60 fatalities and 460 injuries and also were feel on the surrounding islands that Singapore and also Malaysia.

Earthquake and also tsunami September 30, 2009

Region Affected: SumatraDate: September 30, 2009Event type: Earthquake and also TsunamiFatalities: 1,117

Summary of event: in ~ the finish of September 2009, a 7.6 size earthquake win Indonesia turn off the coast of Sumatra close to the city of Padang, killing 1,117 people and leave 1,214 injured. The an effective shock — rated IX top top the Mercalli strongness scale — destroyed buildings, led to landslides and triggered a neighborhood tsunami the struck the city the Padang. Thousands of thousands of world were left without power and also forced to relocate. A second, yet unrelated, 6.6 magnitude earthquake occurred the complying with morning much less than 1,000 kilometers south of the very first earthquake. When this earthquake brought about only three casualties, it added an approximated $10 million in damages to the present $2.2 exchange rate in damages in the region.

Earthquake and tsunami October 25, 2010

Region Affected: SumatraDate: October 25, 2010Event type: Earthquake and also TsunamiFatalities: 408

Summary of event: A 7.8 size earthquake struck turn off the western coast of Sumatra in October 2010 follow me the exact same fault line wherein the 2004 Indian s earthquake occurred. The earthquake prompted a neighborhood tsunami together high as seven meters the crashed onto the shores the the Mentawai Islands. Called the 2010 Mentawai earthquake, this earthquake and also tsunami led to over 400 fatalities and displaced an ext than 20,000 people. Many other human being continued to it is in missing, and it is likely they were brushed up out come sea as the tsunami waves receded.

Volcanic Eruption November 3, 2010

Region Affected: JavaDate: November 3, 2010Event type: volcanic EruptionFatalities: 353

Summary the event: In November 2010, mount Merapi ~ above the island that Java erupted in a violent and also explosive event. Mountain Merapi has historically to be the most energetic volcano in Indonesia, and also its name equates literally come "Fire Mountain" in Indonesian and Javanese. Since 1990, mount Merapi has erupted much more than 80 times. The Indonesian government issued one evacuation alert before the eruption in November 2010, i beg your pardon lasted five days. The eruption resulted in over 350 casualties, and many other civilization who remained in the impacted area endured from significant burns.

Earthquake July 2, 2013

Region Affected: SumatraDate: July 2, 2013Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 43

Summary of event: In July 2013, a 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit turn off the northern shore of Sumatra. At least 43 human being were killed, and also over 2,500 much more were hurt in the district of Aceh. Over 50,000 Indonesians were displaced as much more than 20,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed. The earthquake additionally triggered landslides that damaged roads and delayed humanitarian assist to several villages.

Earthquake December 7, 2016

Region Affected: SumatraDate: December 7, 2016Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 104

Summary that event: A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck the Aceh region of Sumatra in 2016, causing heavy damage and also over 100 casualties. Over 850 people were injured, and damage to facilities amounted to around $233 million. An ext than 18,700 residences were damaged as well as an ext than 160 shops, 60 mosques, 16 schools and also 50 bridges.

Earthquake respectable 5, 2018


Region Affected: LombokDate: respectable 5, 2018Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 563

Summary of event: In at an early stage August 2018, a 6.9 size earthquake struck the Indonesian island the Lombok, killing end 500 people and displacing more than 417,000 others. The earthquake hit near Loloan Village, yet shaking to be felt throughout the whole island. Adhering to the initial shock were an ext than 1,000 aftershocks. The earthquake"s rupture spread out from that is inland epicenter towards the sea, causing tiny tsunamis. This earthquake is the deadliest and also strongest earthquake to hit the island that Lombok in recorded history.

Earthquake respectable 19, 2018

Region Affected: LombokDate: respectable 19, 2018Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 12

Summary of event: simply two weeks ~ the august 5 earthquake in Lombok, the island was racked through two an ext earthquakes on august 19. The first 6.3 size earthquake caused two casualties, while the second stronger 6.9 magnitude earthquake brought the death toll to 12. This earthquakes to be the final two that a total of five significant earthquakes that developed in Lombok the year, v magnitudes ranging from 5.9 come 6.9.

Earthquake and tsunami September 28, 2018


Region Affected: central SulawesiDate: September 28, 2018Event type: EarthquakeFatalities: 1,948

Summary of event: A powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake hit off the coast of Sulawesi on September 28, causing nearly 2,000 fatalities and leaving more than 2,500 human being injured. The vibrations from the earthquake brought about soil liquefaction that damaged hundreds that homes and swept victims far in rivers of flowing soil. The earthquake prompted a tsunami that obtained speed and also height as it traveled through Palu bay before striking the city of Palu. Countless Indonesians in the tsunami"s path did not obtain an evacuation an alert until the was as well late. Tens of hundreds of survivors in the an ar were displaced, and thousands an ext remain missing as find efforts proceed in the region.

images from the deadly earthquake and tsunami top top the island the Sulawesi previously this year.

What are the biggest needs ~ a organic disaster?

Following a organic disaster, the most immediate issue is to to fill the simple and urgent needs of survivors. This has food, water, shelter and straightforward healthcare. Large natural tragedies can leave numerous thousands of people without enough nourishment, protection or medical care for those injured. Humanitarian aid for natural calamities should first focus on quickly reaching those most affected with these important supplies and services because that survival.

In the first days complying with a natural disaster, rescue initiatives are likewise a high priority. Volunteer and first responders find for survivors in the results of the disaster to save as countless trapped or injured civilization as possible and stop the fatality toll indigenous rising.

Whenever possible, these immediate needs of survivors should be met in a means that lays a strong structure for the permanent recovery of the afflicted communities. Humanitarian aid organizations like Mercy Corps can aid rebuild the local economy by providing cash come survivors instead of physical goods to support small businesses. In regions physically ruined by disasters, assist organizations can help farmers and business owner get ago on their feet and assist in repairing infrastructure.

How have the right to I assist victims in the Indonesia tsunami and also earthquake?

Damage to roads and also infrastructure complying with the September 2018 tsunami and also earthquake in Indonesia has actually delayed humanitarian help and prevented crucial supplies from reaching some affected communities. Stress in Palu and the neighboring area space high as food, fuel and water space in short supply. Support from assist organizations, countries and also individuals is vital to administer the necessary resources and supplies come survivors and help rebuild the facilities in Sulawesi. Below are some beneficial ways to provide life-saving aid to victims of the Indonesia tsunami and earthquake:

Short-term help:


Without support and resources, the prompt needs the survivors of the Indonesia tsunami and earthquake can not be met. Humanitarian assist organizations ~ above the floor in Sulawesi space in need of food, water and medical supplies to feed and also care because that victims. Financial and also physical donations of any type of size will aid relief efforts to with those most in need.

The Mercy Corps Indonesia solution Team has actually been offer in Indonesia for twenty years and is familiar with the demands of this generally disaster-stricken country. Our team top top the soil is at this time providing simple hygiene kits to survivors in the Palu area. However, Indonesia earthquake relief initiatives are tested by fuel shortages and also damaged roads. The Mercy Corps team supports a thorough humanitarian assessment and is working with neighborhood officials in the region to far better reach those most-affected.

You can help victims the the Indonesia earthquake and also tsunami, and also others in moment of disaster and also crisis about the world, by do a gift today. Her donation will assistance our team together we respond to the crucial situation in Sulawesi, and crises and also natural disasters about the world.

Long-term help:


As Indonesia recovers indigenous the devastation the the September 2018 earthquake and also tsunami, aid efforts must shift toward rebuilding the country"s infrastructure and also increasing the performance of catastrophe preparedness. Extensive damage to homes, businesses, roads and communication systems way millions of dollars in damage across the region. Absence of to run water and also electricity can lead to further problems with sanitation, spreading condition and leading to much more fatalities. When the country is still recovering from three earthquakes in Lombok previously this year, continued Indonesian earthquake and also tsunami aid is vital to the permanent recovery of influenced regions.

Looking forward, continued relief efforts should help the Indonesian federal government in repairing infrastructure and also rebuilding their disaster preparedness systems. Because of Indonesia"s geographic location, the an ar will proceed to experience constant natural disasters, consisting of tsunamis, earthquakes and also volcanic eruptions. However, with reliable disaster preparedness initiatives in place, many much more casualties deserve to be prevented and the country will be an ext resilient when natural tragedies strike.

At Mercy Corps, we’re invested in helping Indonesians strengthen their solution to natural tragedies and the impacts of climate change, and also build businesses and improve your economy.


Semarang in main Java — through a population of end 1.5 million human being — is a coastal community crisscrossed through 21 rivers, making the particularly vulnerable to floods. We’re improving flood resilience of downstream communities by working on flood prevention and resilience actions upstream, consisting of tree planting, dried well construction, and bioswales (landscaping areas). More than 160,800 human being living in Semarang will check out a to decrease in yearly flood damages as a result of this work.

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We’re also working v farmers to help them enhance their yields and also adapt come the effects of rainier rainy seasons and drier dried seasons. By 2050, total rainfall in Indonesia is meant to boost on mean by practically 10 percent native April v June, but decrease by 10 to 25 percent native July with September. To ensure the they have actually income and enough come eat, farmers space developing an ext sustainable practices, attending financial proficiency trainings, and also saving some of their revenues to buy far better equipment — with support from ours programs.