Like coinage of today, ancient Rome"s coins represented portions of bigger denominations. The As, the straightforward unit, worked like our penny. And like ours penny, through inflation it proficient a lose of to buy power. During the time the the roman inn Republic, you can buy a loaf of bread for ½ As or a liter of wine for one As. A year"s pay for a command in the roman inn army around 133 B.C. Was 10-2/3 Asses, through Augustus" dominion (27 B.C.-A.D. 14) 74Denarii, and by the power of Septimus Severus (A.D. 193-211), it climbed to 1,500 Denarii.
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1 together = a "whole" or "one" unit2 Asses = 1 Dupondius4 Asses = 1 Sestertius16 Asses = 1 silver- Denarius
Initially, the As was cast in bronze. Later, with reduction in weight, it was small enough to it is in struck v coin dies. Through Augustus" coinage revolutionary in 23 B.C., this coin to be struck in copper and showed the emperor with a ceiling or laureated head. By the ascendancy of Valerian and his kid Gallienus in the middle of the 3rd century, the As to be infrequently struck.
Worth 2 Asses; literally method "two-pounder," yet even throughout the roman inn Republic it didn"t weigh 2 pounds. Though this brass coin was an ext yellow in color, it was still easily confused with the As. Under Nero, the emperor, it started to display an emperor with a radiate crown.
Originally a small silver coin issued around 211 B.C., the Sestertius to be worth 2½ Asses. Under Augustus it became a large "golden" orichalcum (brass) coin, precious 4 Asses. Its big size allowed emperors come commemorate victories, triumphs or virtues as rulers. By the third century A.D., the Sestertius had end up being a smaller bronze coin, and after Gallienus" reign (A.D. 253-268), it to be no longer minted.
Emperor Diocletian an initial minted the Follis, a bronze coin with a minute lot of silver (usually a wash), about A.D. 294. Because of the chaotic state of the empire, it rapidly underwent changes, decreasing in size and weight.
Through time, economic alters forced a palliation in size and weight of the copper Follis. It to be gradually decreased under Constantine, and also eventually changed after the finish of the Constantinian Era.
This typical silver coin of the roman Empire depicted an emperor put on a laurel wreath. Very first issued approximately 211 B.C., it started with 5% alloy, and also over the year the alloy was increased, till by the regime of Septimius Severus it got to 50%. The Denarius disappeared native circulation approximately the time the Gordian III (A.D. 238-244).
Caracalla very first minted the Antoninianus approximately A.D. 211. That is named for him: M. Aurelius Antoninus "Caracalla." This silver coin mirrors the emperor put on a radiate crown as opposed to the laurel wreath of the Denarius. Beginning with 40% silver, this coin was progressively debased come a silver wash. Finally, it was abolished during the reign of Constantine the good (A.D. 307-337).
A little silver coin very first issued by Diocletian, originally referred to as the Argenteus. Later on reintroduced as a Siliqua under Constantine the Great, this coin sweet 1/96th of a roman inn pound, however its exact place in the financial system and also its value room not known.
Standard gold coin the the roman Empire. First issued frequently under Julius Caesar around 46 B.C. Although the was lessened in weight, through time, the yellow content continued to be consistently high. The Aureus circulated till A.D. 309 as soon as Constantine the great replaced it.
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Gold coin minted by Constantine the Great, replacing and weighing less than the Aureus. This coin, later struck by the Byzantines, withstood for seven centuries as a circulating gold coin used for business in Europe.
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