Abortion has actually long to be a contentious problem in the unified States, and it is one the sharply divides Americans follow me partisan, ideological and religious lines.

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Today, a 59% majority of U.S. Adult say abortion need to be legitimate in every or most cases, if 39% think abortion must be illegal in every or many cases. These views are reasonably unchanged in the past few years. The latest Pew Research center survey, carried out April 5 to 11, find deep disagreement between – and also within – the parties end abortion. In fact, the partisan divide on abortion is far broader than it to be two years ago.

Explore one interactive look at mindsets on abortion.


Pew Research center conducted this examine to far better understand Americans’ see on abortion. For this analysis, we surveyed 5,109 U.S. Adult in April 2021. Everyone who took component in this survey is a member of the Center’s American patterns Panel (ATP), an virtual survey panel that is recruited v national, random sampling of residential addresses. This means nearly every U.S. Adults have a opportunity of selection. The survey is weight to be representative the the U.S. Adult population by gender, race, ethnicity, partisan affiliation, education and other categories. Read an ext about the ATP’s methodology.

Here room the questions supplied for the report, in addition to responses, and also its methodology.


In the latest survey, Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents room 45 percentage points much more likely 보다 Republicans and Republican leaners come say abortion need to be legal in every or most instances (80% vs. 35%). This void is tiny changed over the last couple of years, yet the existing divide is broader than it remained in the past. For instance, as recently as 2016, there was a 33-point gap between the shares of democracy (72%) and Republicans (39%) who sustained legal abortion in every or most cases.


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This broader gap is largely attributable to a steady rise in assistance for legit abortion among Democrats. In 2007, roughly two-thirds that Democrats and also Democratic leaners (63%) claimed abortion have to be legit in all or most cases. Support among Democrats has risen by almost 20 points due to the fact that then, and also 80% now say abortion need to be legit in all or many cases.

Views among Republicans have actually remained reasonably steady during this period. In 2007, roughly four-in-ten republicans (39%) said abortion should be legitimate in every or many cases; today, 35% speak this.


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There room ideological differences within both parties end abortion, though the divide is starker in ~ the GOP. Among Republicans and Republican-leaning independents, 59% the moderates and liberals speak abortion need to legal in all or most cases, contrasted with just 22% of conservative Republicans.

While for free Democrats are 17 percent points much more likely 보다 conservative and also moderate democracy to to speak abortion have to be legal in every or most cases, broad majorities that both groups (89% and 72%, respectively) speak this.

Support for legal abortion varies by race and ethnicity, education and learning and spiritual affiliation.


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Majorities of adults throughout racial and ethnic teams say abortion should be legal in all or most cases. White adults and Hispanic adults, however, space slightly less likely come say this than Black and Asian adults. Virtually six-in-ten White (57%) and also Hispanic adults (58%) speak abortion should be legal in all or many cases, contrasted with larger majorities of black color (67%) and Asian (68%) adults.

Support because that legal abortion is greater amongst those with higher levels the education. Those through postgraduate (71%) and also bachelor’s (65%) degrees are more likely than those through less education and learning to support legal abortion in at the very least most cases. Adults with no more than a high school education and learning are divided on the issue: fifty percent say abortion need to be legitimate in at least most cases, if 47% say abortion must be illegal in every or most cases.

White evangelical Protestants continue to be protest to abortion in every or many cases. Roughly three-quarters that White evangelicals (77%) to speak it should be illegal in all or many cases, when 21% speak it have to be legitimate in at the very least most cases. In contrast, a majority of White Protestants who are not evangelical (63%) say abortion need to be legit in all or many cases.

Religious “nones” – those who are religiously unaffiliated – overwhelmingly support legal abortion. About eight-in-ten (82%) to speak it must be legal in every or many cases, while simply 16% say it have to be illegal.

Among the public overall, there is a modest sex divide in see of even if it is abortion have to be legal: 56% that men and also 62% of females say it should be legitimate in at least most cases. Within both parties, the views of men and also women are largely aligned: 80% of democratic women and also 79% of democratic men speak abortion need to be legal in every or most cases; similarly, 32% of Republican men and 39% the Republican ladies say the same.

Note: This is an update of a post originally published July 17, 2017.

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Here room the questions used for the report, along with responses, and its methodology.