As the main workplace and also executive residence of the chairman of the united States, the White residence stands as one of the most famous, and also recognizable, structures in the world. Yet behind that is stately neoclassical facade, details of its building and are far less fine known. Below, find answers to six common questions around the iconic framework that has actually served as residence to all however one U.S. President.

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Did Slaves build the White House?

The U.S. Federal government didn't own slaves, according to the national Archives, yet it go pay slave owners to rental them to aid build the White House. According to the White House historical Association, Washington, D.C.’s city commissioners originally planned to soul workers from Europe for the construction, which started in 1792 and took eight years to complete. When they got tiny response, they rather enlisted the labor of both totally free and enslaved afri Americans to job-related alongside local white laborers and also craftsmen, add to a grasp of europe to develop not simply the president's home, yet other government structures such as the U.S. Capitol together well.

James Hoban, an ireland immigrant and also architect hand-picked by president George Washington, designed the initial building. After ~ the British set fire to it in 1814, during the battle of 1812, Hoban led the effort to rebuild the structure.

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Where is the White House?

The White home is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave., in Washington, D.C., probably the nation's most renowned address. Empowered by the Residence action of 1790, president George Washington made decision the exact spot because that the 10-square-mile capital, ~ above the grape max River's east bank and also near the Capitol building. Builders laid the White home cornerstone ~ above October 13, 1792, with the Capitol cornerstone adhering to soon ~ on respectable 18, 1793.

Over the years, the executive mansion has seen lot of renovations, including substantial work by Theodore Roosevelt in 1902, which had the environment of electric lights. In 1948, after ~ engineers found the structure to be structurally unsound and unsafe for habitation, bother S. Truman notified a complete gutting the the interior and a complete overhaul of the building's structure and foundation. Truman and his family lived in Blair House throughout the street throughout the renovations.

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Who was the first President come Live in the White House?

Although Washington chose its location and architect, he was the just president never ever to live in the White House. President john Adams to be the an initial to move right into the residence, in 1800 before it to be finished. Due to the fact that then, every president and also his household has live at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. Two presidents have likewise died in the White House: william Henry Harrison in 1841 and also Zachary Taylor in 1850, and three very first ladies, Letitia Tyler, Caroline Harrison and also Ellen Wilson.


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The key floor arrangement of the White House, attracted by F. D. Owen. 

Library of Congress/Corbis/VCG/Getty Images

How plenty of Rooms space in the White House?

At 55,000 square feet, the six-floor White house boasts 132 rooms (16 are family guest rooms), in addition to 35 bathrooms. According to the main White residence web page, it’s house to 28 fireplaces, eight staircases, 3 elevators, 412 doors and 147 windows—and has actually a kitchen fitted to serve full dinner for approximately 140 guests, or hors d'oeuvres for 1,000-plus visitors. And when it it s okay a brand-new coat of repaint every four to six years? the takes 570 gallons to cover the exterior.