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You are watching: How many votes are needed to confirm a supreme court judge

Over the past 40 years, the typical time because that the Senate to with a last vote on a can be fried Court justice nominee has been 72 days — almost twice the time left prior to the 2020 general election.

The modern-day process that confirming can be fried Court justices has three significant stages: First, the chairman chooses and announces your nominee because that the court. Second, the nominee is exhaustively vetted by the Senate Judiciary Committee. In the final stage, the entirety Senate debates and also votes to confirm or disapprove the nominee.

Historically, senators have actually avoided filibustering the check process, and also a change to Senate rules in 2017 effectively ended the exercise by permitting debate to finish with a simple bulk vote. As a result, the party that controls the Senate can complete the entire process without any kind of votes native the minority party — and in recent years, confirmation votes have increasingly fallen follow me party lines.

Here space the steps in the Senate process to confirm a supreme Court Justice

1. Initial research on nominee

Prior to a hearing, Judiciary committee members evaluation information around the nominee from numerous sources, consisting of a in-depth questionnaire for the nominee drafted through the committee.

At this stage, the nominee will frequently meet individually through members the the committee and also other interested senators in their offices.

2. Hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee

The committee will at some point hold a windy hearing to receive the nominee’s testimony. Typically, the hearing is held around 40 job after the nomination is very first made.

Senators ask questions in multiple sessions spanning four or five days, through the choice to hold additional hearings for controversial nominees.

3. Last report indigenous the committee

Approximately one mainly after the hearing, the committee meets in an open session to recognize its reference for the Senate.

Depending on exactly how the members vote, the nominee may be report “favorably” or “unfavorably.” regardless of the outcome, the committee typically permits the nomination to move to a full Senate vote.

4. Bulk Leader set schedule because that debate

Typically the majority Leader consults through the decimal leader to recognize the timing and length the the proceedings, so the the procedure can start via unanimous consent.

If unanimous consent can not be secured, the majority leader deserve to make a filibuster-proof motion to start the process.

5. Senators dispute on the floor

Unless the minority party agrees to a much shorter schedule,the nomination will certainly be discussed for a minimum of 30 hrs on the Senate floor.

Each senator that takes the floor offers a speech explaining why they space voting to check or reject.

6. Full Senate vote for confirmation

Once dispute ends, senators might vote ~ above the nominee.Since 1967, every Senate poll to confirm a supreme Court justice has actually been a roll speak to vote — meaning each senator’s vote is officially recorded. Historically, many confirmation votes have actually resulted in one overwhelming majority in favor. However, in recent years, party-line votes v a considerable minority poll to reject have become more common.

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