The united state controls about 750 bases in at the very least 80 countries an international and spends more on its army than the next 10 nations combined.
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In the at an early stage morning hours of respectable 31, the last American soldiers lifted off from Kabul airport, officially finishing the 20-year war in Afghanistan, the longest in us history.
At its height in 2011, the united state had about 100,000 troops across at least 10 army bases native Bagram to Kandahar. In total, much more than 800,000 united state soldiers offered in the war according come the Pentagon.
While no us troops remain on the ground today, united state President Joe Biden stated that his armed forces will proceed to command air raids against enemy targets native “over-the-horizon” – air goals from a huge network of us bases approximately the region.
Upwards that 750 united state bases roughly the world
According to David Vine, professor that political sociology at the American college in Washington, DC, the united state had roughly 750 bases in at least 80 nations as the July 2021.
The really number may be even higher as no all data is published by the Pentagon.
With 120 active bases, Japan has the highest number of US bases in the civilization followed by Germany v 119 and South Korea v 73.
US military base sites loss under two key categories:
Large bases or “Bases”: characterized as army installations bigger than 4 hectares (10 acres) or worth more than $10 million. This bases typically have in excess of 200 US armed forces personnel. 439 or 60 percent of the US’s international bases loss under this category.
Small bases or “Lily Pads”: this bases are smaller than 4 hectares(10 acres) or have a value of much less than $10 million. This include cooperative security locations and forward operation sites. The staying 40 percent of US international bases fall under this category.
According to worldwide US military deployment data published in the conflict Management and also Peace science Journal, the us had approximately 173,000 troops deployed in 159 countries as of 2020.
Like the us bases, the countries with the most variety of US troops include Japan with 53,700, Germany v 33,900 and South Korea v 26,400.
US army presence in the middle East
According to the Watson institute at Brown University, between 1.9 and also three million US business members have served in Afghanistan and Iraq since 2001, with over half of castle deployed much more than once.
The largest US military installation in the Middle eastern is the Al Udeid air Base, located west that Doha, Qatar. Established in 1996, the hosts around 11,000 American and coalition organization members. Covering an area that 24 hectares (60 acres), the base accommodates practically 100 aircraft as well as drones.
On October 7, 2001, the us under president George W shrub invaded Afghanistan complying with the 9/11 attacks. The coalition the led accused the ruling Taliban regime of harbouring Osama bin Laden, the al-Qaeda leader who declared responsibility for the attacks.
An approximated 241,000 human being have passed away as a direct an outcome of the war due to the fact that 2001, follow to the prices of War task at Brown University. In addition, thousands of thousands more, mostly civilians, have passed away due come hunger, condition and injury led to by the disastrous war.
In 2003, the US got into Iraq after the accused long-time Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein of having weapons the mass devastation – none was found. In ~ its top in 2007, the US had an estimated 170,000 troops in the country. Today, there are around 2,500 us troops in the country as part of a security commitment with the Iraqi government.
US armed forces presence in Japan and South Korea
The us has been in Japan since the end of human being War II (1939-1945) and also in southern Korea because the korean War (1950-1953).
Nearly fifty percent of all US military deployed abroad, some 80,100 American personnel, space stationed in Japan v 53,700 and also South Korea with 26,400.
South Korea hosts Camp Humphreys, the largest overseas US armed forces base, located about 65km (40 miles) south of the capital Seoul.
The 1,398 hectares (3,454 acres) base is one of 80 bases in the country and also is less than 100km (60 miles) from the heavily strengthened demilitarized zone that demarcates phibìc Korea from south Korea.
US armed forces presence in Europe
Europe is house to at least 60,000 us troops. In ~ 33,900, Germany has actually the highest variety of US troops in Europe – and also the 2nd highest in the people – complied with by Italy at 12,300 and also the UK in ~ 9,300. However, the variety of US troops stationed in Germany has more than halved between 2006 and 2020, dropping from 72,400 to 33,900.
The Ramstein Air basic in Germany is the biggest hub for united state troops and military offers in Europe. Just external the 1,200 hectares (3,000 acres) base is the Landstuhl regional Medical Center, the largest US military hospital outside the US. The facility was used broadly during the Afghanistan and also Iraq wars and also treated countless wounded soldiers.
Like nearly all us bases, Ramstein is equipped v hospitals, schools, strength stations, apartment complexes and also a host of amenities often referred to together “Burger Kings and also bowling alleys”.
US armed forces presence in Latin America
Located top top the eastern guideline of Cuba, the Guantanamo bay naval basic is the US’s earliest overseas armed forces base. The 116sq km (45 sq miles) facility has actually been under American control because the end of the 19th century.
The base is a hotly questioned issue between the US and Cuba. For decades, Cuba has insisted the the us hand earlier the are it took by pressure in 1898 and subsequently leased permanently in 1903.
US convoy deployment due to the fact that 1950
Over the previous 70 years, the us military has been deployed to much more than 200 countries and also territories.
The infographic below shows a brief background of where the US has deployed that troops because the finish of world War II, in addition to the wars it has fought in.
Following the surrender of the Japanese to the Allies that ended human being War II, the US and also the Soviet Union separated Korea, which had been under Japanese rule, along the 38th parallel, about bisecting the korean peninsula.
On June 25, 1950, North korean forces, donate by China and also the Soviet Union, attacked the south triggering the start of the oriental War. Allied with the South, the us deployed some 1.78 million troops end the three-year-long war.
It is approximated that in between 2 come 3 million civilians passed away during the war. According to the us Department the Defense, the US experienced 33,739 deaths in battle. No formal peace treaty was ever signed.
Tensions in between the US and also the Soviet Union ongoing to brew in southeast Asia in the 1950s and 1960s. The main problem pitted the communist government of phibìc Vietnam versus South Vietnam and its ally, the US.
Over 3.4 million us troops were deployed to Southeast Asia; in overabundance of 3 million people, including over 58,000 Americans, were eliminated in the war.
On march 29, 1973, the last united state combat troops left Vietnam. Two years after that April 30, 1975, communist forces seized control of southern Vietnam and ended the war.
On respectable 2, 1990, the Iraqi army invaded Kuwait, a small oil-rich nation to the country’s south. One mainly later, on august 9, the US started Operation Desert Shield, and also deployed thousands of troops to Saudi Arabia.
During the short war, roughly 694,550 American troops were deployed to the region. ~ above February 28, 1991, us President George HW bush declared a ceasefire, and also on April 3 the that exact same year, the UN happen a resolution formally ending the conflict.
The period following the 9/11 attacks, and also the explanation of battle on both Afghanistan in 2001 and also Iraq in 2003, experienced a huge spike in troops abroad. At the very least 800,000 Americans served in Afghanistan and much more than 1.5 million in Iraq end the previous 20 years.
The human cost of the wars is approximated to have killed more than 900,000 human being – largely civilians.
US armed forces spending because 1950
In 2020, the US spent $778bn ~ above its armed forces – the largest military spender in the world and much more than the following 10 countries merged – according to the Stockholm global Peace research study Institute (SIPRI).
China ranked second at $252bn, complied with by India in ~ $73bn, Russia in ~ $62bn and also the UK in ~ $59bn.
Over the past two decades alone, the US has actually spent $8 trillion on that is so-called “global war on terror” according to the costs of War job at Brown University. The battle in Afghanistan accounts because that $2.3 sunshine which, according to Brown college researchers, equals an ext than $300 million a day because that 20 years.
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$2.1 trillion was invested on the battles in Iraq and also Syria, and $355bn to be attributed to various other wars. The rest of the money has in overfill of $1bn in interest payments for the vast amounts that money borrowed to money the wars as well as much more than $2.2bn in obligations for veterans’ treatment over the following 30 years. This way that, also after the US has actually left Afghanistan, that will continue to pay because that the battles for year to come.