Some economists argue that the U.S. Defaulted once the federal federal government restructured bonds issued to fund the Revolutionary War.

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Some economists argue that the U.S. Defaulted when Congress happen a invoice making the illegal for creditor to demand payment in physical gold.

September 30, 1976

The government shuts under for ten days, native September 30 to October 11, as soon as President Gerald Ford vetoes a funding bill because that the U.S. Department of Health, Education and also Welfare (HEW) and also the U.S. Room of Labor. The reason he gives for the veto is the end of regulate spending. By October 1, Congress, regulated by the Democrats, votes to override the veto. However, it takes till October 11 to agree on a resolution on capital gaps in all parts of the federal government.

September 30, 1977

The government shuts under for 12 days, indigenous September 30 to October 13, due to the fact that the fight end abortion in the House and also Senate, both regulated by Democrats, creates a resources gap in the department of Labor and HEW. The home wants to save the ban on utilizing Medicaid dollars to pay because that abortion, other than for when the mother"s life is in ~ risk. However, the Senate desires to prolong the exception to rape or incest. A temporary agreement is make on October 13 so that the shutdown can end while congress spends an ext time negotiating.

October 31, 1977

When the temporary agreement made top top October 13 expires, the government shuts under for eight days start on Halloween. This shutdown lasts until November 9 when President Jimmy Carter indications a second funding agreement to permit Congress more time come negotiate.

November 30, 1977

The government shuts down one an ext time in 1977 once the home refuses to budge top top the worry of Medicaid capital abortions for any other reason other than the mother"s life is at risk. This shutdown lasts because that eight days, indigenous November 30 until December 9, when lastly a deal is made. In the end, the Senate wins and also Medicaid is allowed to pay for abortions in instances of rape, incest and if the mother"s wellness is in ~ risk.

September 30, 1978

The government shuts under for 18 days, indigenous September 30 until October 18. This shutdown is caused by chairman Carter vetoing a defense bill and a public functions appropriations bill. Carter"s cites garbage spending as the reason for his veto.

September 30, 1979

The federal government shuts down for 11 days, indigenous September 30 until October 12, as soon as the House and Senate are as soon as again at odds end abortion. The residence wants come restrict federal spending ~ above abortion come only situations where the mother"s life is in ~ risk. The Senate desire to save abortion capital for situations of rape and also incest and when the mother"s life is at risk. The House also pushes for a 5.5 percent pay increase for senior civil servants and also members that Congress, a relocate the Senate opposes.

November 20, 1981

The government shuts down for two days, from November 20 to November 23, because President Ronald Reagan vetoes a spending bill the comes 2 billion dollars short of the cuts he wants. The Democratically-controlled home asks for pay raises for an elderly civil servants and also for Congress. The House additionally asks for larger cuts in defense. A short-term bill is i agree on so congress has more time to job-related out the issues.

September 30, 1982

The government shuts down for sooner or later on September 30 because Congress passes the essential spending bills a work late. The government re-opens top top October 2.

December 17, 1982

The federal government shuts under for three days, from December 17 come December 21. Both the House and also Senate push for task program funding, yet receive opposition from chairman Reagan. Meanwhile, the home opposes MX missile funding. In the end, Reagan fall the push to money MX missiles and Congress autumn their jobs plan. Chairman Reagan agrees to fund the Legal solutions Corporation in exchange for much more aid to Israel.

November 10, 1983

The federal government shuts down for 3 days, from November 10 until November 14. This shutdown happens due to the fact that President Reagan and the Democratic-controlled residence are at odds. The residence wants defense and foreign help spending cuts, through increased funding for education. An covenant is made as soon as the residence reduces their desired amount of education funding and also agrees come MX missile funding. The home gets that foreign assist and defense cuts and a half on oil and also gas leasing in commonwealth wildlife refuges. An covenant to prohibit government employee health insurance indigenous paying for abortions is also made.

September 30, 1984

The federal government shuts down for 2 days, September 30 come October 3, when Congress and also President Reagan cannot agree ~ above a deal. The house wants a crime-fighting package which chairman Reagan supports. However, the House also wants a water projects package which chairman Reagan does not support. A temporary expansion is passed.

October 3, 1984

The government shuts under for at some point on October 3 once the temporary expansion expires. Congress agrees to drop that is water jobs package, however the crime-fighting package continues to be in the deal. Assist to the Nicaraguan Contras is likewise approved in this deal. The government re-opens top top October 5.

October 16, 1986

The government shuts under for sooner or later on October 16. The Democratic dominated House is once again at odds through President Reagan and also the Republican-controlled Senate. The house makes several compromises in stimulate to store its welfare package in the deal. The government re-opens ~ above October 18.

December 18, 1987

The federal government shuts down for one day on December 18 because the House and also Senate desire to cut resources to the Contras. They additionally want the Federal interactions Commissions come re-enforce the fairness Doctrine. Congress drops the same Doctrine issue in bespeak to obtain non-lethal help to the Contras. The federal government re-opens top top December 20.

October 5, 1990

The government shuts down for three days, native October 5 come October 9, when President George H.W. Bush vetoes a continuing resolution because it go not incorporate a deficit palliation package. The home does not override his veto, causing a shutdown. Congress climate adds a deficit reduction package to its continuing resolution and the shutdown ends.

November 13, 1995

The government shuts down for 5 days, native November 13 come November 19, due to the fact that President bill Clinton vetoes a continuing resolution native a Republican-controlled Congress. The shutdown ends once Clinton agrees to a seven-year deadline to balance the budget and 75 percent resources for the next four weeks.

December 5, 1995

The federal government shuts under for 21 days, start on December 5, 1995 and also ending on January 6, 1996. The shutdown occurs as soon as the republicans ask Clinton to suggest his seven-year timetable spending plan with Congressional budget Office numbers instead of his Office of Management and also Budget numbers. Clinton refuses and also eventually overcome a compromise spending plan with Congress. The estimated full cost that the two 1995 shutdowns (26 work total) is more than $1.4 billion. (Adjusted because that inflation, that"s $2.1 exchange rate in 2013.)

October 1, 2013

On October 1, 2013, Congress stops working to agree top top a budget and also pass a spending bill, bring about the government to close up door down. The fail to pass a bill is largely because of a standoff end the Affordable treatment Act, also known as Obamacare. Already feeling push from the partial shutdown, Congress begins tense negotiation in an initiative to pass a spending plan by the blame ceiling attributed on October 17, 2013. Top top October 16, 2013, the night prior to the blame ceiling deadline, both the House and Senate give a bill to fund the federal government until January 15, 2014, and also raise the blame limit v February 7, 2014. The critical minute bill stays clear of a default and ends a 16-day federal government shutdown. It additionally ends the Republican standoff through President Obama end the Affordable treatment Act. The partial shutdown bring away $24 exchange rate dollars out of the U.S. Economy.

January 19, 2018On January 19, 2018, congress reaches a standstill over immigration that spills into federal spending plan negotiations. Conference Democrats firmly insist on addressing the matter of capital for DACAin the budget, while Republicans respond to that the deadline on immigrant isn"t till March. The shutdown big for three days, throughout which more than fifty percent a million government employees room furloughed. Though spending plan disputes proceed for part time, congress agrees come a short-term capital bill to reopen the government.

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December 22, 2018Toward the tail finish of 2018, congress approves small-scale appropriations receipt to fund most the the government. Chairman Donald Trump, encountering pressure to fulfill campaign promises, requests $5.7 exchange rate in funding to start work on his propose border wall surface and claims he is willing to shut down the government to certain the funding. Senate Democrats respond to with a smaller $1.6 billion because that a border fence in a certain area that the border. Despite early speculation the the President would concede, he cases that he won"t approve any type of budget that doesn"t contain his asked for border wall surface funding. Following the 2018 midterm elections, democrats gain control of the residence of to represent in the center of the standoff, and also several windy meeting between Democratic leadership and the president end in failure. The shutdown continues for numerous weeks, coming to be the longest in U.S. Background on January 12, 2019. Throughout the shutdown, nearly a million commonwealth employees prevent receiving pay, and either work for no compensation or space furloughed. The shutdown comes to a close on January 25 through a three-week measure, throughout which time Congress and the President hope to break up discussions and also avoid one more shutdown ~ the three weeks pass.