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You are watching: How many species of polar bears are there

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1-North American black BearUrsus Americanus – color – black, bluish-black, brown, white (Kermode or spirit bear). The north American black Bear is the most usual bear in north America varying from the State the Florida north, into Canada and north come Alaska. The black and brown colour phase of the black bear is common. The white colour phase is much more rare occuring in phibìc western british Columbia, Canada. The black bear is omnivorous. Their diet is mainly vegetable matter. Males reach complete size at around 8 years of age. Females mate and produce cubs in ~ 5 to 7 years of age, 8 years and older in the boreal forest regions(Ontario). Males weigh up to 280kg(600 pounds), occasionally lot more. Black color bears live up to 25 years in the wild. Enlarge bears have been documented, yet the bulk of bears never reach old age because of human activity (hunting). Credits-two white(Kermode)black be affected by each other photos-Charlie Russell, text, photos-Mike McIntosh

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2-Brown BearUrsus Arctos – several subspecies. The Brown Bear have the right to be discovered in Alaska, western Canada,and components of Washington, Montana and Wyoming. Little individual populations are scattered throughout components of Europe and also Asia. Russia has a healthy population of brown bear currently. Brown bears variety in colour from nearly black, brown to an extremely light brown or blonde. Size varies greatly depending on geographic location and also general food availability. The largest bears, the “Big Browns” exist follow me the coast of Alaska and Russia farming to very big sizes rivaling that of the Polar Bear. The internal bears that the north American Rocky hills (Grizzly Bear) and the mountains of Europe have tendency to be much smaller. The really huge bears (1500pounds/700kg and bigger) room now an extremely rare.Credit -text- Mike McIntosh, photographs the brown bear – Charlie Russell-www.cloudline.ca .

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3-Polar BearUrsus Maritimus Polar bears are amongst the largest bears in the world. Adult males may reach 800 kilograms (kg) or 1760 pounds (lbs). In Ontario, the biggest male bear recorded from “live capture” research study studies sweet 654 kg (1439 lbs). The mean weight of male polar bear in Ontario is around 500 kg (1100 lbs). Adult woman bears are smaller and also average about 300 kg (660 lbs); their top weights perform not typically exceed 400 kg (880 lbs). Credit -text- Ontario ministry of organic Resources. Polar be affected by each other photographs – Roy de Haas/Agami.nl

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4-Asiatic black color bear, Himalayan black bear, moon bear –Ursus thibetanus Asiatic black bears have long black hair with a unique white patch on the chest that is often crescent-shaped. The fur around the shoulders and throat is particularly long, and their ear are relatively large. Asiatic black bears live in east Asia, consisting of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Japan, autonomous People’s Republic that Korea, Lao People’s autonomous Republic, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Taiwan and also Vietnam. Asiatic black bears are much more carnivorous 보다 their American counterparts, although just a small component of their diet is comprised of meat. This includes tiny mammals, birds, fish, molluscs and also carcasses. They also feed ~ above grasses, fruits, berries, seeds, insects and also honey. In fall they fatten up for the winter by feeding on nuts. In north climates castle hibernate. In southern climates they execute not hibernate. credit -text- BBC Science and Nature. Picture courtesy the Wildlife S.O.S.

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5-Andean Bear or Spectacled be afflicted with – Tremarctos ornatus Most scientists describe spectacled bears as Andean bears (they are discovered only in the Andes mountains in southern America). The bears room an endangered species, provided as Vulnerable, and it is illegal to death them. The Andean be afflicted with is the last staying short-faced be affected by each other (subfamily Tremarctinae) and the closestly living loved one to the Florida spectacled bear and short-faced bears of the middle Pleistocene to late Pleistocene age. Spectacled bears are the just surviving species of bear aboriginal to south America, and also the just surviving member of the subfamily Tremarctinae. The Spectacled be affected by each other is technically the biggest land carnivore on the continent, back as little as 5% that its diet is written of meat. South America’s biggest obligate carnivore is the jaguar. Among South America’s extant, native land animals, only the Baird’s and also South American Tapirs space heavier 보다 this species. The Spectacled be afflicted with is a mid-sized varieties of bear. Overall its hair is blackish in color, though bears might vary from jet black color to dark brown and also to also a reddish hue. The varieties typically has actually distinctive beige-coloured marking across its face and also upper chest, though no all Spectacled bears have “spectacle” markings. The pattern and also extent of pale markings space slightly different on every individual bear and bears deserve to be readily differentiated by this. Males are a 3rd larger 보다 females in dimensions and sometimes double their weight. Males have the right to weigh 100 – 200 kilograms (220 – 440 lb), and also females 35 –82 kilograms (77 – 181 lb). Size can variety from 120 come 200 cm (47–79 in), through a tail length of a just 7 centimeter (2.8 in), and shoulder elevation from 60 come 90 cm (24–30 in). Contrasted to other living bears, this types has a an ext rounded confront with a relatively short and wide snout. In some extinct species of the Tremarctinae subfamily, this face structure has actually been believed to be an adaptation come a mostly carnivorous diet, in spite of the modern-day Spectacled bears’ herbivorous dietary preferences. credit transaction -text- Wikipedia. Picture credits-files from the Wikimedia Commons.

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6-Panda Bear – Ailuropoda melanoleuca Length: 5 ft (1.5m) (with a 6 inch(.2m)tail). Weight: roughly 250 lbs (113 kg) (males); around 220 lbs (100 kg) (females). The large panda is a rare, endangered and also elusive bear. Science supplied to think that the giant panda to be a member of the raccoon family. With DNA analyses science proved itself wrong. The large panda and the red panda are not related. Gigantic pandas are renowned for their love the bamboo, a diet for this reason nutritionally poor that the pandas have to consume approximately 20kg each day. The extra digit on the panda’s hand help them to tear the bamboo and their gut is spanned with a thick layer of mucus to protect against splinters. Habitat loss is the greatest cause of the large panda’s decline, and also today their range is minimal to 6 separate hill ranges in west China. A giant panda is born pink, hairless, blind and 1/900th the dimension of its mother. Unlike other bears, huge pandas carry out not hibernate. In the winter, they relocate to lower elevations to keep warm, while travel to higher elevations in the summer to remain cool. They deserve to be energetic at any type of time of the day or night. Credits- text- assorted sources. Photo credits-www.amazing-world-in-free-stock-pictures-and-photos.com.

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7-Sloth bear–Melursus (Ursus) ursinus -Two subspecies: Sri Lankan Sloth Bear and Indian Sloth Bear. Body length: 140-190cm, Weight: male: 80-140kg, female: 55-95kg. These shaggy-haired bears deserve to be heard sucking up termites a long distance away. Sloth bears are stocky with long, shaggy, black hair and a white U- or Y-shaped noting on the chest. They have big lips, a lengthy tongue, a pale muzzle and also well-developed hook-like claws that permit them to rise trees and also dig because that termites. Sloth bear live in Sri Lanka, India, Bhutan, Nepal and also Bangladesh. Sloth bears are nocturnal and also occupy home ranges the they seem happy come share with other sloth bears. Male sloth bears have actually an average selection of 13 square km. This is much smaller than many other bears, probably as result of the truth that they do not experience from seasonal fluctuations of food supply (ants and also termites are obtainable all year round). The continuous availability of ants and termites also mean that they do not should undergo a winter sleep. credit transaction -text- BBC Science and also Nature. Photograph credits – picture on left(2) that Sri Lankan Sloth bears by photographer Cai priestley –www.toothandclawphotography.com. Picture on right(2) – Indian Sloth bear –courtesy of Wildlife S.O.S.

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8-Sun Bear – Ursus malayanus –Body length: 120-150cm, Weight: female 27-50kg, masculine 27-65kg. They space the smallest types of bear. Sunlight bears have brief black/dark brown water-repellent fur, v a yellow crescent on your chest. Castle have solid paws v naked soles and long sickle-shaped claws. They have flexible snouts and very long tongues, which are an adaptation for extracting termites indigenous nests. Relatively(to your size), they have the biggest canines of all the bear species. Canine teeth are specialised for tearing meat, yet sun bears room not specifically carnivorous. They may use your sharp canines as weapons or as devices for tearing at tree to get at insects. Sun bears live in south eastern Asia: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao Peoples autonomous Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

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credit transaction -text- BBC Science and Nature. Photographic credit – Bornean sun Bear Conservation centre (BSBCC).