The U.S. An enig Service is marking its 150th anniversary. Yet it was only after the assassinations of 3 U.S. Presidents the the firm was tasked with providing protection come the nation"s cook executive.
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Left: secret Service agents guard president Theodore Roosevelt in ~ his Inauguration in 1905.
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Got your Back
President Barack Obama on a pilgrimage to Ottawa, Canada.
"When you"re ~ above the project you"re thinking two feet in former of you," an enig Service manager Joseph Clancy said CBS News. "You"re not thinking about history; you"re not thinking about speeches or anything along those lines. You"re looking for where the next threat might be."
Left: president George W. Shrub visits soil Zero three days after the September 11, 2001 terrorist assaults in new York City.
"All of these iconic images in background of this nation, we"ve remained in the lift in countless cases, help to secure those venues," said longtime agent Lee Clancy, recently named to head the agency.
"You"re the ever-present challenge in the crowd the nobody really knows," said CBS News" Lee Cowan.
"And we"re happy no to it is in known," said Clancy. "We"re happy to it is in in the background.
President Abraham Lincoln created the secret Service as component of the Treasury department 150 year ago, signing the bill (ironically) top top the really day he to be shot. Yet the secret Service"s original mandate did not involve presidential protection; rather, it was to battle the climb of counterfeit currency, i beg your pardon by 1865 amounted to as much as a 3rd of all the money in circulation.
During its first year, the an enig Service closeup of the door down more than 200 counterfeiting operations.
Left: A counterfeiter"s press.
In 1867 the mandate that the an enig Service was broadened to include investigations into fraud against the government, such together mail robbery, smuggling, and also land fraud.
Left: A counterfeit note by Emanuel Ninger, nicknamed "Jim the Penman." He thrived faking bank notes for nearly 20 years (telling his next-door neighbors that his wealth derived via a pension from the Prussian army) till he was captured by the an enig Service in march 1896.
Supporters testified in ~ his trial that Ninger"s bills were functions of art, worth an ext as collectors" items than the bills" stated value.
Not until 1901 to be the an enig Service charged v protecting the U.S. President, complying with the assassination of wilhelm McKinley together the chairman greeted the general public in Buffalo.
McKinley eschewed personal protection, often showing up in windy or going on cd driver alone, however after his murder Congress directed the mystery Service to defend the President and Vice chairman of the unified States.
The first Secret organization operative to dice on duty was wilhelm Craig (left, boarding carriage), a 6-foot-4 former member that the British military who served as chairman Theodore Roosevelt"s personal bodyguard. On September 3, 1902, when on a pilgrimage in Pittsfield, Mass., the president"s open carriage was struck by a speeding trolley car. The president was thrown clear of the wreck, just suffering bruises. Craig, however, to be killed.
Though he passed away in an accident, Craig was aware of other risks posed to himself and the man he guarded. "The hazard lies in part fanatic obtaining up come the president and also shooting or stabbing for this reason quietly that it cannot be prevented," that told the Worcester Telegram shortly prior to he was killed. "If no outsiders are permitted within 10 feet that the chairman - and 25 feet is still better - the danger is greatly lessened."
He added that at any time he to be standing close to the president, he kept his hand in his coat, holding his revolver, all set to fire at any moment.
In The Field
U.S. An enig Service Agents in the field, 1903.
Secret organization Men
Secret organization operatives in 1905.
The President"s Guests
The Service an enig is also charged v guarding the immediate family members of the president and also vice president, visiting heads of state and other identified foreign visitors, and official representatives of the U.S. Traveling abroad.
Left: President william Howard Taft welcomes a visitor come the White house in 1912.
U.S. Mystery Service agents Joe Murphy (left), john Slye (third from left), and also Richard "Dick" Jervis (right), v President Woodrow Wilson and also his daughter, Eleanor McAdoo, c. 1914.
Secret service agents ride through President Warren Harding in Utah.
White residence Police Force
Members the the White house Police force in 1923.
In 1930 the force was an unified with the U.S. An enig Service.
FDR Rides come Congress
On may 22, 1935, president Franklin Roosevelt rode come the Capitol to hand-deliver his veto the the Patman Bonus bill to a joint Session that Congress. Col. E.W. Starling, chef of the White House secret Service detail, was standing on the running plank of the president"s car.
An alarm device for the U.S. Mystery Service, 1938.
Members the the White residence Police and secret Service space photographed in a new target variety constructed in the sub-basement of the Treasury structure in Washington, D.C., June 1940.
After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and also the U.S. Entered civilization War II, the secret Service was charged through safely transferring such precious papers as the declaration of Independence and the structure to the Bullion Depository at ft Knox for safekeeping.
FDR In north Africa
President Franklin D. Roosevelt evaluate American troops in Casablanca, Morocco in January 1943. Amongst his random are secret Service Agents James "Jim" Rowley, Wilmer Deckard, man Marshall, Elmer Hipsley, Charles Fredericks, male Spaman, and also Jack Willard.
Armed secret Service agents.
Keeping up The Pace
President harry S. Truman, one inveterate walker, is photographed v a secret Service agent in the highways of Washington, D.C., august 15, 1946.
President bother S. Truman and also Mexican president Miguel Aleman (seated in ago of car) leaving Washington"s nationwide Airport in an open up limousine, with mystery Service agents ~ above the bumper and also running boards, April 29, 1947.
A dive In The Bay
President bother S. Truman (second indigenous the right) swims together the presidential yacht USS Williamsburg in Chesapeake Bay, c. 1946. Accompanying that in the water is Captain James Foskett (third indigenous right) and also two unidentified an enig Service agents.
Killed In The line Of Duty
White house Police Officer Leslie Coffelt, the only agent to be shot and killed if protecting a president, to be mortally wounded top top November 1, 1950, once two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to fire their way into Blair House, where President Truman was remaining while the White house was gift refurbished.
Not reasoning of his own injuries, Coffelt stand up, steadied himself, and also took a shot, hitting one assailant in the ear and killing him. Coffelt passed away of his wounds a few hours later.
A mob of protesters in Caracas, Venezuela, is checked out attacking the vehicle carrying Vice president Richard Nixon and also his wife, Pat, top top a goodwill tour of south America, may 13, 1958. As Nixon"s convoy was stuck in a website traffic jam, the mob began pounding ~ above the car, shattering glass and also trying to overturn the vehicle.
Secret service agents spanned the angry president"s body, hitting back at the throng wielding pipes and also clubs, before the Venezuelan police (whom the mystery Service report did not intervene) might clear a course for the automobile to journey ahead.
Kennedy in Montana
A son is raised over the crowd throughout President man F.Kennedy"s visit come Montana in 1963.
Dallas, November 22, 1963
President and Mrs. Kennedy arrive at Love field in Dallas top top November 22, 1963.
Secret company Agent Clint Hill jumps top top the ago of the motorcade to defend Mrs. Kennedy, after the president to be shot, in Dallas, November 22, 1963. Hill talk on the back of the limousine all the method to Parkland Memorial Hospital.
On September 5, 1975, in Sacramento, Calif, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a member that the Manson Family, tried to kill President Gerald Ford exterior the California State Capitol, however she had failed to pack a bullet right into the firing chamber. An enig Service agents dragged Ford away. Fromme received a life sentence, but was released from jail in 2009.
Less than three weeks later, ~ above September 22, 1975, Sara jane Moore tried to kill Ford in mountain Francisco. Having had her .44 caliber revolver confiscated by police the vault day, Moore to buy a .38 caliber revolver the morning that the 22nd. Was standing in a crowd exterior the St. Francis Hotel, Moore was spotted through a former Marine, Oliver Sipple, who tackled Moore together she fired. She was sentenced come life in prison, however was released in 2007.
The secret Service began its canine routine in 1975. Dogs are used for protection and also to recognize explosives.
Dogs have to train because that 17 weeks, and also then are compelled to come back for training one week the end of every month.
President Jimmy Carter and his wife, Rosalyn, gain out of their limousine and also walk complying with his Inauguration, January 20, 1977.
Tim McCarthy, that joined the secret Service appropriate out the college and stayed for 22 years, to be assigned to defend President Carter for one year. He likewise protected president Ronald Reagan for 6 years, and also spent a year v President Bush.
"He was a great runner," McCarthy said of Carter. "He occasionally pushed as well hard, I"ll phone call ya that, but that"s only since he to be competitive. And I offered to run through him rather regularly, in addition to the various other agents."
Agent Tim McCarthy (far right) was at the Washington Hilton Hotel on march 30, 1981. "We just about got come the car, and also everyone is naturally screaming "Mr. President! Mr. President!"" that told CBS News" Lee Cowan. "All I saw was what I believed was a speed of the gun and also exactly whereby it was coming from."
McCarthy never ever saw the face of john Hinckley Jr. Together he fired upon chairman Reagan. "I knew where the shot to be coming from, there was no doubt in mine mind, and I turn in the direction." McCarthy spread out his human body in former of Reagan. The .22 caliber cartridge hit McCarthy in the rib, climate went down with his lung, liver, diaphragm, and also lower back.
Washington police officer cutting board Delahanty and James Brady, the White house Press Secretary, were also wounded, in addition to the president.
McCarthy recovered, and was back on the task in a few months - a decision, he says, his household did not totally support.
Despite protecting Reagan native a mortal wound, McCarthy tho sensed the the agents failed. "In despite the of whatever that to be done, he to be still shot. So that"s a failure."
On The Road
President invoice Clinton speaks to the crowd at self-reliance Square in Accra throughout a state visit come Ghana, march 23, 1998.
Secret service agents were part of evidence recovery teams sifting v material carried to the Fresh kills landfill in Staten Island indigenous the site of the human being Trade center terrorist attacks. Structure 7 the the WTC complex housed workplaces of the an enig Service.
The Pope"s Visit
Pope Benedict visits Washington in April 2008.
The Pope"s Visit
A U.S. An enig Service agent is seen during Pope Benedict"s visit come the U.S. In April 2008.
Women have served as agents in the mystery Service because 1923, when Florence Bolan was promoted to the place of unique operative.
The first female an enig Service agent killed in the line of duty was special Agent Julie Cross. Top top June 4, 1980, while conducting counterfeit surveillance near Los Angeles international Airport, she and her companion were faced by 2 men and also shot. Cross was pronounced dead in ~ the scene. Twelve years later, she killer - then serving time for triple-homicide - was convicted and also sentenced come death.
President George W. Bush conducts the ceremonial coin toss before the start of the 109th Army-Navy university football video game at Lincoln Financial ar in Philadelphia.
President Barack Obama is seen at the start ceremony of note Dame University, might 17, 2009.
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Today fighting counterfeiters remains the secret Service"s major investigative mission, although now it has hacking and data breaches together well.
"I think we will continue to check out the emerging threats, and we have to keep up with those emerging threats," claimed Joseph Clancy. "The hazards are more varied 보다 they were years ago. This particular day with the an innovation we have to stay one action ahead.