Thirty-one states and also the federal federal government incarcerated 116,000 human being in personal prisons in 2019, representing 8% the the complete state and also federal jail population.

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Private prisons in the United states incarcerated 115,428 human being in 2019, representing 8% that the full state and federal prison population. Since 2000, the number of people housed in private prisons has actually increased 32% compared to an all at once rise in the prison populace of 3%.

However, the exclusive prison populace has decreased 16% because reaching its optimal in 2012 with 137,220 people. Declines in personal prisons’ use make these latest overall population numbers the lowest due to the fact that 2006 once the population was 113,791.

States show far-reaching variation in their use of personal correctional facilities. Indeed, Montana hosted 47% the its prison population in personal facilities, while 20 says did no employ any type of for-profit prisons. Data compiled by the office of justice Statistics (BJS) and interviews with corrections officials find that in 2019, 30 states and also the federal federal government incarcerated world in private facilities run through corporations including GEO Group, Core public (formerly corrections Corporation the America), LaSalle Corrections, and also Management and also Training Corporation.

Twenty claims with personal prison contracts incarcerate much more than 500 civilization in for-profit prisons. Texas, the an initial state to embrace private prisons in 1985, incarcerated the largest variety of people under state jurisdiction, 12,516.

Since 2000, the number of people in private prisons has actually increased 32%. In eight says the private prison populace has more than doubled throughout this time period: Arizona (480%), Indiana (313%), Ohio (253%), phibìc Dakota (221%), Florida (205%), Montana (125%), Tennessee (118%), and also Georgia (110%).

Proportion that incarcerated populace in personal prisons, 2019
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The commonwealth Bureau the Prisons maintains the country highest variety of people managed by private prison contractors. Because 2000, its use increased 77%, and also the number of people in exclusive federal custody — which contains prisons, half-way houses and also home confinement — totaled 27,409 in 2019. While a far-ranging historical increase, the population declined 33% since its peak in 2013, most likely reflecting the continuing decrease of the all at once federal jail population. This number will continue to drop together a result of president Biden’s current executive stimulate to phase out commonwealth contracts with exclusive prison companies.

Among the immigrant detention population, 40,634 human being – 81% the the detained population – to be confined in privately run infrastructure in 2019. The privately detained immigrant population grew 739% due to the fact that 2002 to 2019.1)This number has declined as a an outcome of COVID-19-related releases. The total populace held in publicly and privately run infrastructure by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) dropped 61% native 37,688 in in march 2020 come 14,715 in mid-January 2021. Check out U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. 2021. ‘ICE guidance on COVID-19’; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. 2020. ‘FY 2020 Detention Statistics.’ Biden’s executive, management order does no limit exclusive contracts through immigrant detention facilities.

Political influences have actually been crucial in determining the growth of for-profit exclusive prisons and also continue today. However, if overall prison populations continue the existing trend of usually declines, the privatization controversy will likely intensify as avenues for the prison sector dry up and also corrections companies seek benefit in other locations of criminal righteousness services and immigration detention.

Overall private prison population numbers, 2019
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Table 1. Personal prison populationsJurisdiction20002019% exclusive 2019% adjust 2000-201
Alabama01220.4*
Alaska1,3832214.9-84%
Arizona1,4308,29119.5480%
Arkansas1,54000-100%
California4,5471,1340.9-75%
Colorado2,0993,85819.584%
Connecticut0000
Delaware0000%
D.C.

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2,342~~~
Florida3,91211,91512.4205%
Georgia3,7467,88314.4110%
Hawaii1,1871,24823.65%
Idaho1,1621,04811.1-10%
Illinois05131.3*
Indiana9914,09315.1313%
Iowa0000%
Kansas0000%
Kentucky1,2688953.9-29%
Louisiana3,06800-100%
Maine1100-100%
Maryland127290.2-77%
Massachusetts0000%
Michigan44900-100%
Minnesota0000%
Mississippi3,2303,13916.2-3%
Missouri0000%
Montana9862,22247.0125%
Nebraska0000%
Nevada5081000.8-80%
New Hampshire0000%
New Jersey2,4982,29712.38%
New Mexico2,1552,44536.414%
New York0000%
North Carolina330300.1-91%
North Dakota9630817.2221%
Ohio1,9186,76613.4253%
Oklahoma6,9316,47425.2-7%
Oregon0000%
Pennsylvania05111.1*
Rhode Island00+00%
South Carolina0840.5*
South Dakota45330.9-27%
Tennessee3,5107,63529.0118%
Texas13,98512,5167.9-11%
Utah20800-100%
Vermont026816.7*
Virginia1,5711,5404.3-2%
Washington0000%
West Virginia0000%
Wisconsin4,337000%
Wyoming27540116.246%
Federal15,52427,40915.777%
Total87,369115,9548.133%
Table 1: *Growth began at 0, ~ D.C. Count integrated in commonwealth numbers, + Data native 2017; 2019 number not available.Sources: Prisoners Series (2000-2019), bureau of justice Statistics. Correspondence through Delaware, Massachusetts, north Dakota, Oregon and also Wisconsin corrections officials. Overall private prison population total because that 2019 different from the bureau of righteousness Statistics report because of the inclusion of state data acquired by The Sentencing project which had not been easily accessible to the Bureau. Average everyday immigrant detention numbers acquired from Immigration and also Custom Enforcement and also Removal Operations department by Detention clock Network and also the facility for Constitutional rights as part of a flexibility of information Act lawsuit.