Exactly 4 months ~ the September 11, 2001, attacks, the unified States set up a high-security prison in the Guantanamo bay base.

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Since then, “Gitmo” has held approximately 780 detainees, detainees of the so-called “war ~ above terror”. Today 39 remain.

Established throughout the presidency the George W Bush, the offshore jail was intended to hold suspected al-Qaeda members, captured during the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001.

To date, the the 780 detainees, 732 have been released there is no charge, numerous after gift detained for an ext than a te without legal way to an obstacle their detentions.

Where is Guantanamo Bay?

Located top top the eastern guideline of Cuba, the Guantanamo just Naval basic is 116sq km (45 sq miles) and has been under united state control since the end of the 19th century.

The base is a hotly disputed issue between the US and Cuba. Because that decades, Cuba insists the the united state hand ago the region it took by pressure in 1898 and also subsequently permanently leased native the government of Tomas Estrada Palma, Cuba’s an initial president, in 1903.

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(Al Jazeera)

Initially collection up as a short-term detention facility called “Camp X-Ray” in 2002, the prison complex now comprises 7 detention camps labelled according to the bespeak they to be built. Follow to the united state military, all remaining detainees room in camps five and six.

Detainees through nationality

Since January 11, 2002, at the very least 780 detainees native 48 countries have been held in Guantanamo Bay. Just 16 were ever charged with criminal offences, follow to human being Rights Watch.

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The countries with the highest number of detainees include: Afghanistan (219), Saudi Arabia (134), Yemen (115), Pakistan (72) and Algeria (23) according to the brand-new York Times’ Guantanamo Docket tracker.

The youngest detainee to be 15-year-old Omar Khadr, a Canadian citizen who was exit in 2015 ~ 13 years locked away.

In 2017, the Canadian government paid Khadr a 10.5 million Canadian dollar negotiation ($8.1m) and formally apologised for any role the federal government played in the abuses he experienced as an inmate at Guantanamo Bay.

The oldest prisoner still being held is 73-year-old Saifullah Paracha, a Pakistani nationwide who has spent the critical 17 year in detention without charge.

In May, the united state approved Paracha’s release concluding only that he to be “not a proceeding threat” come the US. Paracha could be returned house in the next several month according come his lawyer.

What taken place to the 780 detainees?

Since 2002, 732 Guantanamo detainees have actually been sent home or to other countries through prisoner transfer agreements. There room 39 tho held. Nine died in custody.

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(Al Jazeera)

The countries that have taken the highest number of detainees include: Afghanistan (203), Saudi Arabia (140), Pakistan (63), Oman (30) and the UAE (24) according to the Guantanamo Docket.

Of the 39 detainees remaining, 17 are being hosted indefinitely with no referral for transfer, 10 room eligible for deliver if security problems are met, 10 have actually been fee by the united state military, and two have been convicted.

Closing the prison

Spanning four presidencies and nearly 20 years, the world most notorious detention center has end up being a prize of human being rights abuses.

Several international human rights groups, consisting of HRW, elegance International and also the global Committee that the Red Cross have actually repeatedly condemned the alleged person rights violations, including harsh interrogation approaches that doubters say price to torture.

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(Al Jazeera)

In 2006, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan claimed the US need to close the jail at Guantanamo bay as soon as possible, backing a crucial conclusion of a UN-appointed live independence panel.

During his presidency, George W bush said that would choose to check out Guantanamo bay closed yet that it would certainly not it is in easy.

His successor, Barack Obama, promised to close Guantanamo’s detention centre and on his 2nd day in office signed an executive, management order come shut it under within a year. That never happened.

In 2018, previous President Donald trump vowed to store the prison open and also signed his own executive order reversing Obama’s order.

President Joe Biden has actually renewed the Obama administration’s initiative to close the prison. In July 2021, Moroccan sinner Abdul Latif Nasser became the first detainee transferred under the Biden administration. He had actually been held by the US since 2002 without being charged.

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About 540 detainees were released throughout the bush presidency (2001-2009), approximately 200 during the Obama management (2009-2017), one during Trump’s presidency (2017-2021) and also one throughout Biden’s current presidency.