You are watching: How many people died in hurricane ike
Hurricane Ike to be a Source: NOAA-HRD.")" onmouseout="UnTip()">Cape Verde-type hurricane, start as a source NOAA-NHC.")" onmouseout="UnTip()">tropical disturbance close to Africa in ~ the finish of August. On September 1, 2008, it came to be a source NOAA-NHC.")" onmouseout="UnTip()">tropical storm. During the overnight hrs of 1 September, Ike quit intensifying, as northerly wind shear began to impact the system. By late morning top top 2 September, however, shear relaxed and also Ike began to intensify again. By late morning top top 3 September, Ike strengthened to just below hurricane status, and also by mid-afternoon Ike was upgraded to a hurricane. Hurricane Ike then explosively intensified and was upgraded to a source NOAA-NHC.")" onmouseout="UnTip()">major hurricane through winds that 185 km/h (115 mph) only three hrs after being upgraded to a hurricane. Ike continued to intensify and also was additional upgraded come a category 4 hurricane on the Source: NOAA-NHC.")" onmouseout="UnTip()">Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind scale three hours later v winds of 215 km/h (135 mph) and an estimated pressure of 948 mbar. That is important to note that these dimensions were satellite estimates, as Ike was still too far from soil for reconnaissance aircraft to reach.
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By the at an early stage morning hours on 4 September, Ike had reached its optimal intensity the 230 km/h (145 mph) through an approximated pressure of 935 mbar, making the the most intense storm that the season. After ~ a period of weakening and also reintensification, Hurricane Ike do its an initial Source NOAA-NHC.")" onmouseout="UnTip()">landfall on the Turks and also Caicos islands (in the southeastern Bahamas) on 7 September together a group 4 storm, with 217 km/h (135 mph) winds. Strength was lost throughout grand Turk Island, and also 95% that the homes were damaged. Niney-five percent the the residences were likewise damaged in south Caicos. Ike climate weakened slightly to category 3 status, v maximum sustained winds that 204 km/h (127 mph), prior to making one more landfall on good Inagua Island in the southeastern Bahamas later on 7 September. Roughly 70-80% of the homes on good Inagua Island continual roof damage, and 25% had major damage and/or to be destroyed.After Hurricane Ike passed over the Turks and also Caicos, it ongoing west at 24 km/h (15 mph), heading directly for east Cuba. Ike do 2 landfalls in Cuba, the first of which emerged near Cabo Lucrecia top top the northern coast. Here, Ike came ashore as a strong Category 3 hurricane top top the evening of 7 September. The hurricane traveled across the main provinces of Cuba, and then arised south the the island ~ above September 8. Ike climate made a 2nd landfall together a category 1 hurricane in Pinar del Río before entering the Gulf that Mexcico in the afternoon of September 9 (Ike had actually weakened as it overcome the island). Across the country, powerful winds caused far-reaching damage to many crops. Banana, coffee, yucca, and also corn crops sustained serious damage. Streets were additionally seriously impacted the island. In development of the hurricane, around 2.6 million civilization were evacuated, or about 23% that the whole Cuban population. As result of this huge evacuations and other preparations, only seven direct deaths to be reported because of the hurricane.Ike’s interaction with Cuba caused much the the hurricane’s inner main point to become disrupted, and the wind field broadened as the hurricane moved into the Gulf of Mexico. Hurricane Ike was able to regain strength, though, and became a group 2 storm end the warm waters the the open up Gulf of Mexico. As Ike passed over the warm waters of the Source: (c) 1999, American Meteorological Society. Used with permission.")" onmouseout="UnTip()">Loop current during the night that 10 September, the storm displayed a quick drop in central pressure, falling indigenous 963 mbar to 944 mbar. This drop was not reflected by wind speed, however, which only enhanced to 160 km/h (100 mph) from 140 km/h (85 mph). Over the following two days, Ike kept a steady course in the direction of Galveston and also Houston, TX. Though the hurricane had actually only raised to a solid Category 2, it showed an unusually huge wind field, which led to a projected resource NOAA-NHC.")" onmouseout="UnTip()">storm surge of the which would typically accompany a category 4 hurricane. That was as result of this storm surging potential that a hurricane watch to be issued indigenous Cameron, LA, to port Mansfield, TX, previously than the usual 36-hr threshold (storm surging was supposed to impact the area well before tropical-storm-force winds got to the coast).Hurricane Ike made its last landfall close to Galveston, TX in ~ 2:10am CDT ~ above 13 September as a strong Category 2 hurricane (it had actually sustained winds the 110mph, simply 1 mph embarrassy of classification 3 status), v a classification 5 indistinguishable storm surge. Hurricane-force winds expanded 120 mile (193 km) native the center. Ike’s 4.6 m (15-ft) storm surge caused a enormous swath of damage, stretching from Galveston, Texas, east throughout all of coastal Louisiana. The rise covered numerous kilometers that the Gulf Coast since the hurricane to be such a big storm. Together the hurricane flourished in size, its big wind ar pushed water towards the shore well prior to Ike’s Source: NOAA Jetstream.")" onmouseout="UnTip()">eye do landfall. Higher-than-normal water levels affected virtually the whole U.S. Gulf Coast- in addition to impacting coastal Louisiana and Texas, Ike likewise caused flooding and far-reaching damage follow me the Mississippi coastline and the Florida Panhandle.On 13 September, Hurricane Ike started a slow revolve north, then northeast, and dissipated come a tropical storm close to Palestine, TX. It came to be a tropic depression and also continued northeast, passing close to St. Louis, MO. Early 14 September, Ike combined with a huge cold front relocating from west to east over the main U.S. And also became extratropical. This deep short pressure ongoing toward the north-east spreading hefty rains across the Midwest. That moved right into Canada the night, giving solid winds and also heavy rain across Southern Ontario and also most the Quebec, prior to exiting into the Atlantic in ~ the latitude of the Labrador Sea, early the 16 September.The worst devastation native Hurricane Ike developed on the Bolivar Peninsula, TX, which to be inundated through 3.7-4.9 m (12 -16 ft) of water. The storm surge surpassed the island’s elevation, bring about Source: NOAA-NWS")" onmouseout="UnTip()">inundation, Source: USGS")" onmouseout="UnTip()">overwash and extreme seaside change. Complete tide gauge records for this area space unavailable because many of the sensors failed throughout the storm, although ground evaluate teams determined that the surge was generally in between 15 and also 20 ft. The highest possible storm surging measured by any type of National Ocean business (NOS) tide gauge was at Sabine happen North, TX, wherein 3.9 m (12.79 ft) was videotaped at early on 13 September, just as the hurricane was making landfall close to Galveston, TX. The highest possible watermark, built up by the U.S. Federal Emergency Management firm (Federal Emergency monitoring Agency: An agency of the federal federal government having responsibilities in risk mitigation; FEMA additionally administers the national Flood insurance Program. Source: NOAA-NWS SRH")" onmouseout="UnTip()">FEMA), to be located around 16 kilometres (10 mi) inland in Chambers County and also measured about 5 m (17.5 ft). Virtually every structure on components of the Bolivar Peninsula were fully flattened due to the surge and accompanying waves. Defended by a seawall, much of the city the Galveston to be spared direct influence by storm surge and wave activity from the Gulf the Mexico; yet the city to be still inundated through surge once water rose on the north side of the island native Galveston Bay. The city of Houston was mainly spared, return high winds caused many of the home windows on the city’s tallest buildings to blow out including that that the 75-story JP Morgan chase Building. Likewise a an outcome of the high winds was strength outages- some seaside Texas inhabitants were without electrical power for over a month ~ Ike’s landfall. Though not as tough hit, seaside Louisiana was still dry out native the surge that come ashore through Hurricane Gustav. Storm rise waters pushed up come 48 kilometers (30 miles) inland, and inundated homes in components of Cameron, lower Vermilion, St. Mary, and Terrebonne Parishes.It is estimated that insured damage in Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas, without considering storm rise or inland flooding, was about $10 billion. The nationwide Flood insurance Program approximated that insured losses from inland flooding and storm surge was approximately $2.5 exchange rate in the exact same three states. Hurricane Ike is the third most i have lot of money hurricane in the history of the united States, behind just Katrina (2005) and also Andrew (1992) in ~ $24.9 billion (2008 USD). Hurricane Ike was likewise responsible because that at the very least 195 fatalaties. That these, 74 to be in Haiti, i m sorry was currently trying to recover from the affect of Fay, Gustav, and Hanna, which arisen earlier in 2008. In the joined States, 112 people were killed.