Marie, Pierre and Irène Curie have received a complete of 4 of Nobel prizes, the highest won by a single family!


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Pierre Curie (left) and Marie Curie (right) through their 6-year-old daughter Irene (middle) in 1904. (Image credit: Wikimedia Commons)

On April 20, 1902, Marie and Pierre Curie efficiently isolated radioactive radium salt from pitchblende, a mineral, in a laboratory in Paris, France. Inspired by French physicist Henri Becquerel’s 1896 experiment ~ above phosphorescence, or the phenomenon the allows particular objects to glow in the dark, the Curries to be able to uncover traces of 2 radioactive elements—polonium (Element 84) and also radium (Element 88). In 1903, Marie Curie obtained the Nobel compensation in Physics making she the world"s very first woman to victory the prize. Curie shared the 1903 Nobel through her other researcher Pierre Currie and Becquerel because that their merged work ~ above radioactivity. In 1911, she created background again by ending up being the first woman to have won two Nobel awards. The 1911 Nobel compensation in Chemistry to be awarded come Marie after ~ she managed to produce radium as a pure metal. This verified the brand-new element"s existence beyond doubt. While delivering a lecture at the imperial Academy of sciences in Stockholm, Sweden in 1911, Curie shared some crucial details about "radioactive elements" and also the phenomenon dubbed "radioactivity". "Radioactivity is an atomic residential or commercial property of matter and also can provide a means of seeking brand-new elements," she said. She additionally spoke about the chemical properties that radium, the new element the was about a million times an ext radioactive 보다 uranium. "Radium in solid salts was around 5 million times more radioactive than an same weight the uranium," claimed Curie during the 1911 lecture. However, this was no the last Nobel because that the Curie family. The 1935 Nobel in Chemistry checked out Irène Curie and also her husband and co-researcher Frédéric Joliot for their joint job-related on the man-made creation of brand-new radioactive elements. The Curies have received a full of 4 of Nobel prizes, the highest possible won through a solitary family. They likewise have the unique distinction of having three Nobel-prize to win members in the family.

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