Ships:CVN 68 USS Nimitz (1975)CVN 69USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (1977)CVN 70USS Carl Vinson (1982)CVN 71USS Theodore Roosevelt (1986)CVN 72USS Abraham Lincoln (1989)CVN 73USS George Washington (1992)CVN 74USS john C. Stennis (1995)CVN 75USS bother S. Truman (1998)CVN 76USS Ronald Reagan (2003)CVN 77USS George H. W. Bush (2009)
Specifications:Builder:Northrop Grumman - Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia, USA(now Huntington Ingalls sectors - Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia, USA)Displacement: 100000 tons, approx. (full load)Length: 332,8 meters (1092 ft) - all at once / 317 meters (1040 ft) - waterlineBeam:76,8 meters (252 ft) - as whole / 40,8 meter (134 ft) - waterlineDraft:11,3 meter (37 ft)Speed: 30+ knots (56+ km/h)Propulsion: 2 x Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors (260000 shp / 194 MW)4 x steam turbines4 shafts / 4 propellersRange: countless / 20-25 yearsComplement: 3200 (ship) / 2480 (air wing)Armament:(various on individual ships)Mk-29 launcher because that 8RIM-7 Sea Sparrow SAM missiles or 8 RIM-162 developed Sea Sparrow Missiles (ESSM)Mk-49 missile launching mechanism for21RIM-116 roll Airframe Missiles (RAM)Mk-15 Phalanx Close-In-Weapon mechanism (CIWS)Aviation:full flight deck through island and also hangar deckfor up to 90 aircraft

Design:The Nimitz-class aircraft carriers to be ordered to supplement the aircraft carriers that the Kitty hawk class and also Enterprise class, maintaining the strength and capacity of the U.S. Navy after the older carriers were decommissioned. The ships were designed come be improvements on ahead U.S. Plane carriers, in certain the Enterprise and Forrestal-class supercarriers, although the plan of the pearl is reasonably similar to the of the Kitty eagle class. Among other style improvements, the 2 reactors top top Nimitz-class carriers take it up less an are than the eight reactors supplied on Enterprise. Along with a much more generally boosted design, this method that Nimitz-class carriers can carry 90% much more aviation fuel and 50% much more ordnance when contrasted to the Forrestal class.The U.S. Navy has declared that the carriers could withstand three times the damages sustained through the Essex class inflicted by Japanese air assaults during human being War II. The hangars ~ above the pearl are divided into three fire bays by thick stole doors that room designed to restrict the spread of fire. This addition has been current on U.S. Aircraft carriers since World battle II, ~ the fires resulted in by Kamikaze attacks.The very first ships were designed approximately the time of the Vietnam War, and certain aspects that the architecture were affected by to work there. Come a specific extent, the carrier operations in Vietnam prove the need for raised capabilities of aircraft carriers over their survivability, as they were offered to send sorties right into the war and were thus less subject to attack. Together a result of this experience, Nimitz carriers were designed with larger stores the aviation fuel and also larger magazines in relationship to ahead carriers, return this was partly as a an outcome of increased room available by the new design of the ships" propulsion systems.A major purpose the the ships was originally to support the U.S. Military during the Cold War, and also they were designed v capabilities for that role, consisting of using atom power rather of oil for greater endurance once deployed in blue water, and also the capability to do adjustments come the carriers" weapons equipment on the communication of new intelligence and technical developments. They were originally categorized only as attack carriers, but ships have been constructed with anti-submarine capabilities due to the fact that USS Carl Vinson. Together a result, the ships and their aircraft are now able to participate in a wide range of operations, i m sorry can incorporate sea and air blockades, mine laying, and missile strikes top top land, air and also sea.Because of a architecture flaw, pearl of this class have natural lists come starboard once under combat lots that exceed the ability of their list regulate systems. The problem shows up to be especially prevalent on some of the more modern-day vessels. This difficulty has been previously rectified by utilizing damage manage voids for ballast, but a equipment using heavy ballast which does not affect the ship"s survivability has actually been proposed.

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Construction:All ten Nimitz-class aircraft carriers were constructed in between 1968 and 2006 at Newport News Shipbuilding Company, in Newport News, Virginia, in the largest drydock in the western hemisphere, dried dock 12, now 2,172 feet (662 m) long after a recent expansion.Since USS Theodore Roosevelt, the plane carriers were manufactured in modular construction (USS George H.W. Shrub was created from 161 "super-lift" modules). This means that whole sections might be welded along with plumbing and also electrical equipment currently fitted, enhancing efficiency. Using gantry cranes, the modules were lifted right into the dry dock and welded. In the instance of the bow section, these have the right to weigh end 1,500,000 pounds (680 t). This method was originally developed by Ingalls Shipbuilding and increases the rate of work since much of the fitting out does not have to be carried out in ~ the confines of the already finished hull.Propulsion:All pearls of the class are it is provided by two A4W nuclear reactors, preserved in different compartments. Lock power 4 propeller shafts and can create a maximum speed of end 30 knots (56 km/h) and also maximum power of 260,000 bhp (190 MW). The reactors create heat v nuclear fission i beg your pardon heats water. This is climate passed through 4 turbines (manufactured by general Electric) which are shared by the two reactors. The turbines power the four bronze screws, each through a diameter the 25 feet (7.6 m) and also a weight of 66,000 pounds (30 t). Behind these space the two rudders which space 29 feet (8.8 m) high and 22 feet (6.7 m) long, and each weigh 110,000 pounds (50 t). The Nimitz-class pearl constructed due to the fact that USS Ronald Reagan additionally have bulbous bows in bespeak to boost speed and fuel efficiency by to reduce Wave-making resistance. Together a an outcome of the use of atom power, the ships are qualified of operating repetitively for over two decades without refueling and are suspect to have actually a company life of end 50 years.Armament + protection:In addition to the aircraft lugged on board, the ships carry defensive devices for use versus missiles and also hostile aircraft. These consist the either 3 or four NATO RIM-7 Sea Sparrow missile launchers designed because that defense against aircraft and anti-ship missiles and also either 3 or four 20 mm Phalanx CIWS missile defense cannon. USS Ronald Reagan has none of these, having actually been constructed with the RIM-116 rojo Airframe Missile system, 2 of i m sorry have likewise been mounted on USS Nimitz and also USS George Washington. These will be installed on the other ships together they return for Refueling and complicated Overhaul (RCOH). Since USS Theodore Roosevelt, the carriers have been created with 2.5 in (64 mm) Kevlar armor over vital spaces, and also earlier ships have been retrofitted v it: Nimitz in 1983-1984, Eisenhower native 1985-1987 and Vinson in 1989.The various other countermeasures the ships usage are four Sippican SRBOC (super fast bloom off-board chaff) six-barrel MK36 decoy launchers, which deploy infrared Flare (countermeasure) and also chaff to disrupt the sensors of incoming missiles; one SSTDS torpedo defense system; and also an AN/SLQ-25 Nixie torpedo countermeasures system. The carriers likewise use AN/SLQ-32(V) Radar jamming and deception equipment to detect and disrupt enemy radar signals in addition to the electronic warfare capabilities of several of the plane on board.The visibility of nuclear tools on plank U.S. Aircraft carriers due to the fact that the end of the Cold War has neither been evidenced nor denied by the U.S. Government. Together a an outcome of this, as well as concerns end the security of nuclear power, the existence of a U.S. Plane carrier in a international port has actually occasionally enraged protest from neighborhood people, for instance when USS Nimitz docked in Chennai, India, in 2007. At that time, the Strike group commander behind Admiral john Terence Blake stated that: "The U.S. Plan is the we carry out not on regular basis deploy nuclear weapons on plank Nimitz."In may 2013, George H.W. Bush conducted the very first carrier-borne end-to-end at-sea check of the surface ar Ship Torpedo Defense system (SSTDS). The SSTDS combine the passive detection of the Torpedo Warning device (TWS) the finds, classifies, and tracks torpedoes v the hard-kill capability of a Countermeasure Anti-Torpedo (CAT), an encapsulated miniature torpedo designed to locate, house in on, and destroy enemy torpedoes. This rises protection versus wake-homing torpedoes favor the kind 53 that don"t respond come acoustic decoys. The pieces of the SSTDS room engineered to locate and destroy just arrived torpedoes in a issue of seconds. Each system contains one TWS and 8 CATs. Early stage operational ability (IOC) is planned for 2019 and also all aircraft carriers are to it is in outfitted by 2035.Carrier Air soup (CVW):In order because that a transport to deploy, it should embark one of ten transport Air wings (CVW). The carriers have the right to accommodate a maximum of 130 F/A-18 Hornets or 85-90 aircraft of different types, yet current numbers are frequently 64 aircraft. Return the air wings are incorporated with the operation of the carriers they room deployed to, lock are nonetheless regarded together a different entity. And also the aircrew, the air wing are additionally made increase of support personnel involved in roles consisting of maintenance, aircraft and also ordnance handling and emergency procedures. Each person on the flight deck put on color-coded apparel to make his role easily identifiable.A common carrier air wing can encompass 24-36 F/A-18E or F super Hornets as strike fighters; two squadrons that 10–12 F/A-18C Hornets, with among these often detailed by the U.S. Marine Corps (VMFA), also as strike fighters; 4-6 EA-18G Growlers for electronic warfare; 4-6 E-2C or D Hawkeyes because that airborne at an early stage warning (AEW), C-2 Greyhounds supplied for logistics (to be changed by MV-22 Ospreys); and also a Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron of 6-8 SH-60F and HH-60H Seahawks. Aircraft that have previously activate from Nimitz-class carriers include F-4 Phantoms, RA-5C Vigilantes, RF-8G Crusaders, F-14 Tomcats, S-3 Vikings, A-7 Corsair II and A-6E Intruder aircraft.

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Flight deck and aircraft facilities:The flight deck is angled at nine degrees, which permits for aircraft to be launched and recovered simultaneously. This angle of the trip deck was diminished slightly in relationship to previous carriers, as the current style improves the wait flow roughly the carrier. Four steam catapults are supplied to beginning fixed-wing aircraft, and also four arrestor wires are provided for recovery. The 2 newest carriers, Ronald Reagan and also George H.W. Bush, have actually only 3 arrestor wires each, as the 4th was offered infrequently on previously ships and was thus deemed unnecessary. This CATOBAR arrangement allows for quicker launching and also recovery and also a much wider range of plane that have the right to be offered on board compared with smaller aircraft carriers, most of which usage a simpler STOVL plan without catapults or arrestor wires. The ship"s plane operations are regulated by the air boss from primary Flight control or Pri-Fly. Four large elevators transfer aircraft between the trip deck and also the hangars below. These hangars are separated into three bays by thick steel doors that are designed come restrict the spread out of fire.Design distinctions within the class:While the design of the last seven pearls (beginning through USS Theodore Roosevelt) space slightly different from those that the earlier ships, the U.S. Marine considers all ten carriers together a solitary class. As soon as the older carriers come in because that Refueling and complicated Overhaul (RCOH), your nuclear power plants are refueled and they space upgraded come the standards of the later carriers. Other modifications may it is in performed to upgrade the ships" equipment. The pearls were at first classified only as strike carriers yet have been constructed with anti-submarine capabilities since USS Carl Vinson. These improvements include better radar systems and facilities which permit the ships to run aircraft in a much more effective Anti-submarine war role, including the installation of typical undersea snapshot (CUP) technology which supplies sonar to permit for better assessment of the hazard from submarines. The changes included much better support because that S-3 Viking ASW patrol planes and SH-60F Seahawk helicopters through dipping sonar systems.USS Theodore Roosevelt and later carriers have actually slight structural distinctions from the earlier Nimitz carriers together as improved protection because that ordnance stored in their magazines. Various other improvements incorporate upgraded trip deck ballistic protection, first installed top top USS George Washington, and also the high-strength low-alloy stole (HSLA-100) used for constructing ships beginning with USS john C. Stennis. Much more recently, older pearls have had actually their trip decks upgraded through a new non-slip product fitted on new-build ships, to improve safety because that both crew members and also aircraft.The last carrier the the class, USS George H.W. Bush, to be designed as a "transition ship" native the Nimitz course to the replacement Gerald R. Ford class. Bush incorporates new technologies including boosted propeller and bulbous bow designs, a reduced Radar cross-section and electronic and environmental upgrades. Together a result, the ship"s expense was $6.2 billion. The previously Nimitz-class ships each cost approximately $4.5 billion. To lower costs, some new technologies and also design attributes were likewise incorporated right into USS Ronald Reagan, the previous carrier, consisting of a redesigned island.source: wikipedia

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USS Nimitz (CVN 68)
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USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69)
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USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70)
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USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71)
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USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72)
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USS George Washington (CVN 73)
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USS john C. Stennis (CVN 74)
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USS harry S. Truman (CVN 75)
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USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76)
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USS George H. W. Bush (CVN 77)