When girlfriend hear the surname Shirley Temple, you can think that an too many sweet mocktail girlfriend sipped when you to be a kid, classic 20th-century films like "Bright Eyes," or songs like "On the an excellent Ship Lollipop." What you could not think of is a painfully failure marriage, a decades-long career spent in politics, a really public fight against breast cancer, and also an overall rich and complicated life that spanned from before the great Depression come well right into the second term of president Barack Obama.

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Shirley temple Black, initially Shirley mrs Temple, to be born ~ above April 23, 1928, in Santa Monica, California, and also she would certainly die, at age 85, ~ above February 10, 2014, in Woodside, California, a couple of hours up the coastline from wherein her life started (via Biography). During her years alive, temple touched 10s of countless lives many thanks to her beforehand years top top the screen, and tens the thousands much more thanks to her work as an ambassador and a businesswoman. She elevated three children and remained married come her second husband, Charles Black, for 55 years until his fatality in 2005. 

Temple can easily have withdrawn indigenous public life while tho a young woman and lived out her job in comfort. Instead, hers was a life through multiple chapters that, review as a whole, produce as compelling a story as any type of movie in i beg your pardon she ever before starred together a child. Below are 12 things you most likely never knew about this superstar of a bygone time.

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Most world don"t hit their stride in life till they are into their 30s, the decade by which the human mind is fully developed, according to Men"s Health. At the point, the proverbial wild oats have been sown, and also a career path is laid the end or at least well-considered. Shirley Temple"s life and career hit full gear a bit previously than that, though. According to People, she was finding out to run by age 3, and by the time she rotate 4, she was already appearing top top the screen.

Temple"s years of greatest success together a screen actress came in between 1935 and also 1938, when she was in between the periods of 6 and also 9 years old. The movie "Bright Eyes," exit in so late December 1934, follow to AFI, would rocket the young lady to global stardom, and for a while, she to be a height box office draw and earner. By the time she to be six, holy place was earning more than $1,000 a main for she work, a number that now would be just under $20,000 weekly, follow to the U.S. Inflation Calculator.

But through the finish of 1938, her star was currently fading, in the parlance of Hollywood. In 1940, as soon as Temple was 11 year old, she contract v Fox studios to be cancelled, and though the actress would still make pictures, her heyday had come and also gone.

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Despite being an absolute worldwide superstar if a young child, Shirley holy place remained, the course, a child. Thus, she occasionally obtained herself into trouble as a an outcome of an act of mischief. Probably the many notable such act the Temple later on owned as much as in her very own memoirs was one that connected the an initial Lady the the United states of America. According to People, Temple, age 10, had been invite to a casual barbecue at Hyde Park, the residence of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt as soon as they were away from the White home in Washington, D.C. Spotting an chance as Mrs. Roosevelt bent over to place some cut of meat top top the grill, Temple created a slingshot, discovered a pebble, and fired the off, hitting the backside the the president"s wife.

For this bit of indecency, temple recalled receiving a spanking. In general, however, her relationship with her mother and also father was warm, loving, and also trusting, neither parent ever taking benefit of their child"s stardom and also never advertise her right into roles or tasks she did not herself embrace. (Her father did manage to squander much of his daughter"s earnings, which he was supposed to it is in managing, but this was due to well-meaning ineptitude, not any kind of sort the corruption or greed.)

Shirley Temple"s hair was styled in the exact same path for almost every one of her films, specifically those of she three-year high-water mark from 1935 come 1938. The hairdo had specifically 56 curls, each and also every one painstakingly created by Temple"s mother, Gertrude Temple, follow to the Los Angeles Times. Her mommy took on the duty of stylist for holy place at the outset the the child"s career and would stay on in that place for practically every photo Shirley temple starred in. Follow to Matchbook, Temple"s hair was no actually all that curly, therefore the use of those 56 curlers pinned in place before the night prior to every day of shooting.

Fans (or detractors, to be an ext accurate) regularly accused holy place of wearing a wig, with some world going so far regarding grab and tug on the child"s hair in an effort to prove as lot (via The List). The actress later on said she wished she hair had been the an outcome of a wig, as it would have actually spared she the countless hours of discomfort that went into preparing her famous curly locks because that each movie, however she evidenced that that was indeed her genuine hair. The actress" hair was a shining blond as soon as she was young and slowly darkened with time as she prospered older — whether Gertrude holy place delayed the visibility that this process with part peroxide is, however, unknown.

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Despite a career the was over prior to the period at which most of united state have also held our very first real job, Shirley temple Black starred in an outstanding 43 feature-length movies and 14 quick films and also 25 storybook movies, according to ShirleyTemple.com. (She likewise did some television work-related much later in life.) possibly even an ext impressive, and even a bit hard to believe, is the reality that by far, the bulk of her onscreen job-related was in the can, so to speak, by the time she to be 10 years old.

Temple showed up in 29 attribute films produced while she was in between the periods of 3 and 10, because of this averaging around four films shot each year, yet she to be featured in just 15 movies for the rest of her film-acting career, an output that dropped to median of in between one and two movies every year.

Were it no for her role as Dorothy in "The sorcerer’s of Oz," generally hailed as among the many successful movies ever before made, the human being might barely remember Judy Garland. Granted, Garland was currently a renowned actress of her time, yet it was "Oz" the cemented her status as an symbol that will surely be celebrated for as lengthy as the famous media of our era is known. But legend has actually it that the role of Dorothy Gale practically didn"t go to Garland — at one time, it was slated come be play by Shirley Temple. 

According come ITV, the producer of "The magician of Oz" wanted the young holy place for the duty of Dorothy, but 20th Century Fox would not let her work-related for MGM, and thus the filmmakers soon moved on come Judy Garland, that was around six year older than Temple, having been born in the summer that the year 1922 (via Judy Garland Museum). Decades later, 2 historians argued that Garland wasn"t the back-up.

The irony is that holy place would it is in dropped by Fox, she contract cancelled, just a year after ~ the movie to be released in 1939. A starring function in "Oz" could have assisted Temple shift from son actress come teenaged and also ultimately more adult roles, but it was not to be.

According come Biography, in ~ the age of 17, Shirley holy place married a man named john Agar. Agar was 7 years she senior, and also at the time of your marriage, he remained in the military and also working as a physical fitness trainer, every The Guardian. Springboarding turn off his young wife"s fame, Agar began an acting career (the couple did two movies together) that, in spite of never achieving vast success, did see him show up in countless movies and on television, follow to film Reference.

As a husband, Agar showed to be a train wreck. He was regularly drunk, voraciously flirted with various other women, and was cold and also uncaring come Temple. Sad and also surprising as the details that her first short and tempestuous marriage were, the even more surprise can be the steadiness of she second, frequently a rarity because that those steeped in Hollywood. What provides the five-and-a-half-decade second marriage of temple all the more impressive is the fast way it started.

Shirley holy place divorced john Agar in 1949 and also would accomplish Charles Black soon after. The couple would end up being engaged within less than 2 weeks of first meeting and also married within much less than a year. The marital relationship lasted until Charles Black"s fatality in the year 2005.

There"s a reason you just think the Shirley temple as a child star: She was. While some actors and also actresses regulate to keep a career going together they prosper from youth into adulthood (think of Daniel Radcliffe the the "Harry Potter" film franchise for one well example), others have actually a career fizzle as they prosper up. Temple may well have had actually a so-called second act together an grown woman, but she didn"t want to. Granted, she was getting fewer and also fewer functions as she grew, yet for her, it wasn"t a issue of fading away. Temple officially retired from acting at the period of 22, follow to Biography.

This was however the finish of one job that had started amazingly at an early stage — it was hardly the finish of she life story. Already mother come one son by 22, quickly divorced and also remarried and also eventually through three kids in all, temple would walk on to a life invested in business and also national and also international politics, and it was her life in public service on i m sorry she looked back with the many pride, calling the "personal rewards" great. Temple earned awards and also an honorary location in the U.S. Foreign service for she work.

In 1967, in her late 30s, Shirley holy place Black, who"d come a long way from her days as boy star ~ above the silver- screen, ran for Congress, according to USA Today. She lost, but that"s solid a surprise, also given her an effective name recognition: in ~ the time, no woman had ever before been chosen to congress in the state that California. She well construed the duty her sex played in the process of she campaigning and also how it was an obstacle to winning a seat, saying in one interview in ~ the time: "I think males are fine and also here come stay yet I have actually a hunch that it wouldn"t hurt to have actually a woman"s ideology expressed in the delegation of 38 men. One congresswoman among 38 congressmen is no unfair, fellows."

Temple black ran because that a Republican seat (she declared herself to it is in a "Republican Independent"), and despite she loss, she would quickly embark top top a long and also meaningful career in politics, one in i beg your pardon she served generally under Republican presidential administrations. The previous child star to be well-aware that her childhood fame was an asset and also never hid from she past, saying, according to Newsweek: "Shirley Temple opened doors for Shirley holy place Black."

Shirley Temple offered as the ambassador to 2 countries, and we don"t median ceremonially: She to be the main ambassador that the United claims of America, and also she verified herself an adroit politics operator and also a major asset to the U.S. Government. Currently well-travelled and worldly, having actually experienced such occasions as the so-called Prague spring in 1968 firsthand, according to Newsweek, Shirley temple Black was called the U.S. Ambassador to Ghana by chairman Gerald Ford in 1974. Her tenure in this write-up involved help the Ghanaian government manage and also maintain its an important resources.

Temple Black"s next ambassadorship came as soon as President George H.W. Shrub appointed she the U.S. Ambassador to Czechoslovakia in the year 1989. During her time in that role, the Soviet hold over that nation finally ended, and also two new states to be born, the democratically governed Czech Republic (today well-known as Czechia) and Slovakia, reports The brand-new York Times. That her job-related in diplomat in east Europe, an additional former ambassador, Norman Eisen said: "rom her earliest age, she was a prodigy in her confidence and also her capacity to take command of any kind of situation. She awed her costars with that top quality on the set, and also the same was true on the phase of people affairs, as the eye of the people looked to what was then Czechoslovakia."

Shirley temple Black overcame chest cancer in the early 1970s, one era in i m sorry open discussion of cancer, and especially of breast cancer, was quite rare, follow to MDedge. Solid ashamed of she plight and determined to empower various other women to feeling the same, in 1973, holy place Black go public v her diagnosis and treatment. She openness about her illness may it seems ~ unremarkable now, however according come none other than the nationwide Breast Cancer Foundation: "She is considered one that the an initial public figures to re-superstructure her problem with the media, launching a collection of similar revelations through other noteworthy women, including Betty Ford, Nancy Reagan, Sheryl Crow, and Robin Roberts."

And public about it she definitely was: while in the hospital recovering from she mastectomy, holy place Black allowed photographers right into the room and also spoke to reporters about her condition and also her experiences. She would certainly go on to encourage women to conduct continuous self-exams, to look for treatments lock felt castle needed, and also to advocate for themselves. Her most famed quote emerging from her endure with cancer was, follow to Groovy History: "The doctor can make the incision, I"ll do the decision."

Arguably the most famous nonalcoholic cocktail (or mocktail, in modern-day parlance) ~ above Earth, the Shirley temple was, of course, named for the young actress. And not in respect of her, yet actually for her: as the story goes, according to 7UP, the drink to be concocted by a bartender that felt poor to see the tiny movie star sitting among adults enjoying their sophisticated drinks and thus determined to whip increase a booze-free concoction she might sip herself. It"s unsure if the provenance of the drink was the restaurant Chasen"s in West Hollywood or the famous Brown Derby, but regardless, holy place herself was both proud the drink existed (via NPR) yet no a pan of that herself, calling that "too sweet" (via The List).

There space two generally welcomed ways to make a Shirley Temple: The an initial is come mix a 4 minutes 1 cup that 7UP with a half tablespoon of grenadine and also to serve that over ice v maraschino cherries and also an orange peel for a garnish. In other recipes, ginger ale is used as the basic soda. Adding a shoot of a white liquor provides the drink a Dirty Shirley, while adding a dark rum makes it a Shirley holy place Black, cleverly enough.

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According to PBS" "Antiques Roadshow," an initial Shirley temple doll indigenous the mid-1930s is now worth hundreds of dollars if in great condition. One might fetch $650, in fact, and also many in varied condition can be found on eBay and other sites this days. The curly-haired dolls to be quite common during the heyday the Temple"s career, and also the actress was regularly pictured stop one herself.

Even well right into her progressed years, Shirley temple Black herself was often reminded the the visibility of the dolls. Follow to People, she when said: "And an extremely often females say, "Do youuuuuu recognize what i have?" and I desire to say, "Yessssssss, i do." since inevitably the price is, "An initial Shirley temple doll.""

Hardly uncomfortable by such encounters, she deep appreciated her lasting pan recognition and affection, saying: "I"ve to be so blessed. If someone asked me whom ns would select to be if I can come back in another life, i would need to say Shirley temple Black. Ns cannot think of a more interesting life come ask for."