This short provides demographic info for the foreign-born populace in the U.S., consisting of permanent and also temporary legit admissions, refugees and also people seek or granted asylum, and also unauthorized immigrants. It relies on the many recent data available.

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The brief also includes added resources for demography data that the foreign-born in ~ the national and also state level.

U.S. Population Fiscal Year 2017

Native Born U.S. Citizens

278.8 million

Naturalized Citizens

20.7 million

Legal Noncitizens

13.1 million

Unauthorized Immigrants

11.3 million

Temporary Visas1.7 million

Total U.S. Population

322 million

Main source Countries/Regions of Immigrant Population

As of 2015, southern or eastern Asia was the single largest source an ar (26.9 percent) followed by Mexico (26.8 percent). Various other regions accounting for far-ranging shares to be Europe and Canada (13.5 percent), the Caribbean (9.6 percent), main America (7.9 percent), south America (6.7 percent), the Middle eastern (4 percent) and sub-Saharan Africa (3.9 percent).

Main resource Countries/Regions of ImmigrantsFiscal YearSouth or east AsiaMexicoEurope and CanadaCaribbeanCentral AmericaSouth AmericaMiddle EastSub-Saharan Africa

Source: Migration plan Institute


Source: Migration plan Institute

People Obtaining Lawful long-term Resident StatusCategoryFY 2017
Family and also Immediate Relatives748,746


Refugees and also Asylees146,003
Diversity and also Other94,563

Total visas Issued


Source: U.S. Room of homeland Security

Permanent Residence

In budget year (FY) 2017, a complete of 1,127,167 human being obtained lawful permanent resident (LPR) status.

Of those granted LPR status, 54 percent were female, and 46 percent were male. Forty-eight percent (549,086) to be adjustment of standing in the U.S. And also 51.3 percent (578,081) were brand-new arrivals. The optimal six nations of nationality (country the origin) to be Mexico (15.1 percent), China (6.3 percent), Cuba (5.8 percent), India (5.4 percent), the Dominican Republic (5.2 percent) and the Philippines (4.4 percent).

Source:U.S. Department of homeland Security

Temporary visas (Nonimmigrant)

Temporary immigrants, well-known as “nonimmigrants” in U.S. Law, room those enabled to get in the United says for a details purpose, and for a temporary or minimal time, and also unless particularly authorized, are not allowed to job-related in the U.S. Nonimmigrant visas room issued because that 87 subcategories within 24 significant categories, including short-term visitors (tourists), students, business visitors, diplomats, and also temporary agricultural and nonagricultural workers.

In 2018, the U.S. Department of State issued 9 million nonimmigrant visas: 75% were because that tourism and business; 10.2% were short-term workers; 4.4% were students; and 4.2% to be exchange visitors.

Source: “Immigration: Nonimmigrant (Temporary) Admissions to the united States,” Congressional research Service, Sept. 10, 2019

Refugee and Humanitarian Issues

In FY 2018, 22,491 refugees to be admitted come the U.S.–a 58 percent drop indigenous 53,716 admitted in 2017. The main countries of beginning were the autonomous Republic of the Congo (35 percent), Myanmar (16 percent), Ukraine (12 percent), Bhutan (10 percent), and Eritrea (6 percent). According to the UN refugee Agency, children listed below 18 years of age comprised about fifty percent of the refugee populace in 2017, increase from 41 percent in 2009. Females constituted around 50 percent that the refugee population as well.

Given the fall in the number of refugees admitted, there has actually been a far-ranging decrease in refugees from the autonomous Republic that the Congo (2016: 16,730; 2018: 7,883), Bhutan (2016: 5,817; 2018: 2,228), and Eritrea (2016: 1,949; 2018: 1,269). Iraq refugees comprised 11.6 percent the admitted refugees in 2016; now, they space no much longer in the height ten nations of origin. However, the number of refugees native Ukraine increased in between 2016 (2,543 refugees) and also 2018 (2,635 refugees).



Source: U.S. Department of homeland Security


In FY 2016, a total of 20,455 people were granted asylum in the U.S.–a 22 percent drop from 26,124 a year earlier. The main countries of beginning for asylum seekers in FY 2016 to be China (22 percent), El Salvador (10.5 percent), Guatemala (9.5 percent), Honduras (7.4 percent), and also Mexico (4.5 percent).

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Source: Migrant policy Institute

Unauthorized Immigration

In 2016, about 11.3 million unauthorized immigrants were estimated to it is in residing in the U.S. The top nations of beginning for innocuous immigrants are Mexico (53 percent), El Salvador (6 percent), Guatemala (5 percent), Honduras (3 percent), and also China (3 percent). Together of august 2018, 699,350 immigrants have actually been granted deferred condition under the Deferred action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA). Fifty-four percent of those meeting all criteria because that DACA applied to the routine in 2018. Additionally, at the very least 317,000 immigrants have actually received deferred condition from Temporary safeguarded Status.

Source: Migration policy Institute

Additional Resources


Research Institutions

Prepared By:Maria Pimienti, audioeditorfree.com Immigrant plan Project fellow, summer 2017Chesterfield Polkey,audioeditorfree.com's Emerson nationwide Hunger fellow, spring 2019