Now the Donald Trump has been president for 3 years, what has changed? here are some things that can be measured:

The economy included 6.7 million jobs, and also unemployment dropped to the lowest rate in fifty percent a century.The economy grew an ext slowly than Trump promised — at a 2.1% rate many recently.Stock price hit record levels.Household income grew; poor decreased, and also paychecks thrived 2.5% after inflation.Home prices reached record levels; homeownership increased.The variety of people lacking wellness insurance climbed by nearly 2 million.Federal deficits soared, adding $2.8 trillion to the national debt.

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Overall, the rate of violent crimes per 100,000 people went under 4.6% during Trump’s first two years. That consisted of a 16.2% autumn in the robbery rate, and also a 0.6% decline in the rate of aggravated assault.

However, the number of reported rapes per 100,000 world went up — through 4.2%. (A rise in rapes and sexual assault in 2018 was also noted in the National Crime Victimization Survey, released Sept. 10, i m sorry covers crimes that room not reported to police, and also those the are.)

The number of property crimes every 100,000 world went down 10.3% during Trump’s an initial two years, consisting of a 19.8% drop in the burglary rate, an 8.6% autumn in the rate of larcenies (such as shoplifting), and a 3.5% decline in the rate of motor car thefts.


Sales and also production of weapons pulled back under Trump, after surging to record levels throughout the Obama years.

Handgun manufacturing — In 2018, annual production of pistols and revolvers in the U.S. totaled just under 4.3 million, follow to preliminary figures from the office of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives exit July 22.

That represented a decline of 23% indigenous 2016, once production surged to a document level of virtually 5.6 million.


Those NSSF-adjusted figures dropped native a record 15.7 million in Obama’s final year to 13.2 million in 2019 — a to decrease of 15.9%. However that to be still 46.8% above where sales had been in 2008, the critical year prior to Obama take it office.

These numbers cover rifles and shotguns and previously own weapons, also as new handguns. They are only an approximation of actual sales, since some of these checks cover purchases of many weapons, and of course some sales still take place without elevator checks.

Coal and Environment

Coal Mining work — As a candidate, trump card promised to “put our miners back to work,” however so far not plenty of have regained their jobs.

As of December, only 1,200 coal mining jobs had actually come ago since Trump take it office, according to BLS figures. That’s 3% the the 35,600 coal mining tasks that disappeared during the Obama years.

U.S. Coal production last year was on track to be the shortest in 41 years. During the 12 months ending in November (the most recent because that which numbers are available), the energy Information management estimated that 715 million short tons to be produced, which is 1.8% below the number for 2016. The critical time annual production to be this low to be 1978.

The outlook because that coal miners stays bleak. This month EIA predicted that coal production would loss 14% much more in 2020. EIA expects herbal gas will proceed to displace coal because that the generation of electricity.

Carbon Emissions —Carbon dioxide emissions indigenous energy consumption rose under trump card — yet the climb seems to be a momentary blip in a lengthy downward trend that started years prior to he took office.

Figures native EIA show CO2 emissions to be 0.5% higher in the many recent 12 months on document (ending in September) than they to be in 2016.

In the decade before Trump took office, emissions dropped by a complete of 14.5%, due mainly to electrical utilities moving away from coal-fired plants in favor of cheaper, cleaner organic gas, as well as solar and also wind power. Under Trump, the trend reversed through a 2.9% rise in 2018.

But that year to be an anomaly. A name is than typical summer and also colder than common winter result in greater natural gas consumption. EIA is currently estimating that CO2 emissions fell 2.1% in 2019, and will proceed going under this year and also next.

Border Security

Illegal border crossings surged come the highest in a dozen years. The complete for last year was 799,669, the highest annual total since 2007 and also 81% greater than in 2016, the year prior to Trump take it office.


Migration is seasonal. Check border crossings often tend to be greatest in March, April and May and lowest in December.

In May, 132,856 people were apprehended trying to cross the U.S.-Mexico border without permission, follow to U.S. Customs and also Border Protection. That was the highest total since March 2006, once the monthly complete hit nearly 161,000.


Following the usual pattern, apprehensions dropped in every of the last six months that 2019, to 32,858 in December. But that number was still above the median for a December in the Obama years, which was 27,688.

Last year’s surge was various from those of earlier years, when many attempted border crossings to be made by mexico males seek work. However in the height month of may last year, end 72% the those apprehended to be either unaccompanied kids or component of “family units” consisted of of a kid under 18 add by a parental or guardian. Border Patrol officials said they room coming primarily from Guatemala, Honduras and also El Salvador, and many room seeking asylum.

Corporate Profits

After-tax corporate profits remained near record level under Trump. During 2018, they hit $1.84 trillion for the year (see line 45), just under the document $1.86 trillion taped for 2014. During the third quarter of 2019, earnings still were running at a yearly price of almost $1.84 trillion, very close to the full-year figure for 2018.


The most recent quarter’s annual rate is 5.6% greater than the full-year number for 2016, the year prior to Trump’s inauguration.

Stock Market 

Stock prices continued their decade-long climb with trump in office, setting brand-new records critical year and also then again in the brand-new year.

At the close on Jan. 17, the standard & Poor’s 500-stock average was 47.1% greater than it to be on the critical trading day before Trump’s inauguration.

Other indexes took similar rides. In ~ the Jan. 17 close, the Dow Jones commercial Average, made up of 30 big corporations, was up 48.7% under Trump. And the NASDAQ composite index, consisted of of an ext than 3,000 companies, closeup of the door on Jan. 17 in ~ 69.5% higher than prior to Trump take it office.

The bull market began its rise in the depth of the an excellent Recession in 2009, and became the longest in history in 2018, passing its 10th anniversary in march of critical year.

Wages and also Inflation

The upward tendency in genuine wages ongoing under Trump, and also inflation remained in check.

CPI — The Consumer Price Index climbed 6% during Trump’s an initial 35 months, proceeding a long period of historically low inflation.

In the many recent 12 months, finishing in December, the CPI increased 2.3%. The CPI climbed an average of 1.8% every year of the Obama presidency (measured together the 12-month adjust ending each January), and an typical of 2.4% throughout each of George W. Bush’s years.

Wages — Paychecks continued to grow much faster than prices.

The typical weekly income of every private-sector workers, in “real” (inflation-adjusted) terms, rose 2.5% during Trump’s very first 35 months (ending in December).

Those figures include managers and also supervisors. Rank-and-file production and nonsupervisory employees (82% of every workers) space doing just a bit much better than their bosses. Real earnings for them have actually gone increase 2.6% so far under Trump.

Those gains prolong a long trend. Actual wages took a dive throughout the an excellent Recession the 2007-2009, yet have been rising now since hitting a low allude in July 2008. During the Obama years, genuine weekly earnings rose 4% for all workers, and 4.2% because that rank-and-file.

Consumer Sentiment

Consumer trust in the economy rose under Trump.

The college of Michigan’s Surveys of Consumers monthly index first soared come a height of 101.4 in march 2018, which to be the highest in 14 years. Due to the fact that then confidence sagged a bit, and also has fluctuated. The preliminary number for January, exit Jan. 17, to be 99.1. That is 11.9 points above where it remained in October 2016, just before Trump was chosen after promising to boost economic growth.

Home Prices and also Ownership

Home prices — Home price soared to document levels under Trump.

The national median price the an existing, single-family home set a record high the $288,500 in June 2019, according to sales figures from the National association of Realtors.

Prices have actually moderated a bit due to the fact that then, however still stood in ~ $274,000 in November, the most recent monthly figure available. The is $45,300 higher than the median price that $228,700 for dwellings sold during the month Trump take it office — a acquire in worth of 19.8%. The rise in the Consumer Price Index during the same period was 5.8%.


The Realtors’ numbers reflect life sales price without attempting to adjust for such determinants as sport in the size, location, period or problem of the homes sold in a given month or year. Also so, a similar pattern emerges from the S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller U.S. National house Price Index, i beg your pardon compares sales price of similar homes and also seeks come measure changes in the full value of every existing single-family housing stock.

The Case-Shiller index because that October sales (the many recent available) was at a record high — and also 15% above where the stood in the month Trump took office. 

Whichever way you measure up it, homeowners have actually seen the worth of their homes rise substantially because Trump became president.

Homeownership — The percent of americans who own their dwellings has ongoing to recoup under Trump.

Back in 2004 the homeownership price hit a record 69.2% of households for 2 quarters, yet then began a years-long slide, hitting bottom in the 2nd quarter the 2016 at 62.9%. That was the lowest suggest in an ext than fifty percent a century, and tied because that the lowest on record.

The rate recovered 0.8 clues in the 6 months prior to Trump took office, and went up another 1.1 points under Trump, getting to 64.8% in the 4th quarter the 2018, and again in the 3rd quarter the 2019, the many recent Census bureau figures available.

But it is still 4.4 points below the top level that 15 year earlier.


The trade deficit that Trump promised to reduce thrived much larger throughout his an initial two years, yet may have stabilized in his third.

The most recent federal government figures show the the total U.S. Profession deficit in goods and services throughout the most recent 12 months on document (ending in November) was practically $624 billion. That’s an increase of $121 billion, or 24%, contrasted with 2016.

However, every that increase took place during 2017 and also 2018, once the deficit surged nearly 25%. It may have decreased a little bit in 2019. December’s figures haven’t yet been released, but in the very first 11 month of last year the deficit to be 0.7% listed below the same period in 2018.

China — The goods-and-services trade deficit with China is 10.6% higher under Trump, a lot smaller boost than in the U.S. Trade space overall.

Trump began a full-scale profession conflict with China in early on 2018. At an initial the trade space with China continued to walk up, however that turned around in 2019; in each of the an initial three quarters the deficit v China obtained progressively smaller.

However, the smaller sized deficit come at a price — a throttling of trade in which both political parties suffer. U.S. Exports to China in the many recent quarter were 5% below the very same quarter a year earlier. And also the ache was 3 times worse in China. Their exports to the U.S. Went down 15% in the exact same period.

The trade war continues. Trump card signed a “phase one” trade resolve China Jan. 15, under i m sorry the U.S. Organized off on brand-new tariffs when China promised come buy more U.S. Farming goods. However the big issues aren’t settled. China has actually yet come agree to reduce subsidies to exporting businesses or to limit its needs that U.S. Businesses share their intellectual property.

Mexico — at the same time the much smaller trade deficit in goods and services v Mexico has actually grown much much faster than the worldwide trade gap. That totaled $97 billion throughout the 12 months ending in November, an increase of 57% contrasted with 2016. 

Canada — The trade surplus that the U.S. Runs with Canada has dwindled to nearly nothing under Trump. The trade balance was confident by just $406 million throughout the 12 months finishing in November. The surplus has actually shrunk through 95% because 2016. 

On Jan. 16 the Senate voted last approval the a brand-new trade covenant Trump signed over a year earlier with the leader of Canada and also Mexico. The pact to be revised to satisfy demands by democrats for stronger enforcement of labor standards and also environmental protections, clearing the method for house approval on Dec. 19. The is supposed to take effect in the close to future, and also will replace the 26-year-old phibìc American totally free Trade Agreement, which Trump had promised to scrap throughout his campaign. The brand-new agreement will certainly be referred to as the united States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, or USMCA.

Health insurance money Coverage

The number of people lacking health and wellness insurance rose by almost 2 million under Trump.

The U.S. Census office reported Sept. 10 that the variety of Americans who lacked wellness insurance for every one of 2018 was 27.5 million — increase from 25.6 million in 2017. That’s an increase of 1.9 million.

It was the first time in a decade that this number increased. The percent of Americans there is no coverage for the whole year climbed to 8.5%, indigenous 7.9% the year before.

(A technical note: usually we would compare the many recent numbers with those from 2016, before Trump took office. However last year Census supplied a new “improved” method to calculation the uninsured populace in 2017 and also 2018, and also said these numbers shouldn’t be compared with estimates produced in earlier years.)

The Census report evidenced a tendency we’ve been tracking making use of a somewhat various measure released on a more frequent and also timely communication by the National health and wellness Interview Survey. The NHIS put the number of people that lacked coverage at the moment they to be interviewed — no necessarily because that the entire year — at 30.4 million in 2018, boost of 1.8 million over 2016.

The NHIS said 9.4% of the populace lacked coverage at the time of interview in 2018, increase from 9% in 2016.

A much better rise to be reported by a Gallup survey covering the last quarter of 2018. Gallup ~ above Jan. 23, 2019, put the increase in uninsured adults at about 7 million, compared with the last fifty percent of 2016. Gallup placed the portion of uninsured adults at 13.7% in the October-December quarter. For details, watch our Feb. 12 story, “Did the Uninsured increase by 7 Million?“

Trump failed to “repeal and replace” the Affordable treatment Act as he promised come do, however did slash advertising and outreach aimed in ~ enrolling people in Obamacare plans. In December 2017 he signed a tax bill that ended the ACA’s taxes penalty for world who failure to acquire coverage, effective last year. And also in march 2019 the Trump administration joined an initiative by GOP state attorneys basic seeking a court decision to overturn the entire act. However on Dec. 18, a three-judge panel of the U.S. Court the Appeals in new Orleans rule 2-1 that just the supplication requiring individuals to buy health insurance have to be to win down because the penalty had actually been repealed — and it sent the case earlier to a ar court judge to reconsider whether various other parts that the regulation ought to fall.

Food Stamps 

The variety of food rubber stamp recipients dropped to the lowest levels in a decade.

Early last year the number dropped below 37 million for the an initial time since October 2009, once millions were signing up for services in the results of the an excellent Recession the 2007-2009.

As of October critical year, the most recent month because that which numbers are available, 36.4 million people were receiving the aid. 

The variety of food stamp recipients has gone under 6.3 million, or 14.8%, since January 2017, as soon as Trump took office.

The number of recipients is now 11.4 million listed below the peak month of December 2012. However it is still 9 million above where it to be at the start of the good Recession, in December 2007, in spite of years that an boosting economy.

The administration is working to mitigate the number further. In December, the U.S. Department of farming finalized a preeminence that will certainly tighten occupational requirements for able-bodied adults without dependents, efficient April 1. That will reason 688,000 fewer world to be eligible for benefits in the budget year that begins Oct. 1, follow to the department’s regulation analysis. 

And last July, the Trump administration proposed one more rule that it said might remove one more 3 million civilization from the rolls. That preeminence would take it away versatility that numerous states currently use to give food assist to human being with earnings or assets exceeding commonwealth limits.

Judiciary Appointments

Trump is putting his note on the commonwealth appeals courts an ext quickly than Obama was able to execute in his time in office.

Supreme Court — So much Trump has won Senate confirmation for two Supreme Court nominees, justice Neil M. Gorsuch and Justice Brett M. Kavanaugh.

Obama likewise was able come fill two high court vacancies throughout his very first two year in office, through Justice Sonia Sotomayor and also Justice Elena Kagan. But the Kavanaugh nomination to fill the vacancy produced by Justice Anthony Kennedy’s retirement is far-reaching because Kavanaugh might move the court to the right. The is considered come be more conservative than Kennedy, that sometimes sided through the for free justices to carry out deciding votes on issues including gay rights, abortion, resources punishment and affirmative action.

However, Kavanaugh disappointed abortion foes when he sided through the court’s liberals on among his very first votes, against taking up a case about whether citizens have to be allowed to sue says that cut off Medicaid funding for to plan Parenthood health and wellness clinics.

Court the Appeals — Trump also won confirmation of 50 U.S. Court the Appeals judges (30 during his first two years and another 20 in 2019). That’s dual the total for Obama, who won confirmation for 25 as of the same allude in his an initial term (16 during his first two years and also nine more in 2011). 

Trump has now installed nearly 28% of every the 179 appellate court judges authorized by commonwealth law.

District Court — Trump additionally outpaced Obama on filling reduced courts. Trump has actually won confirmation for 133 that his nominees come be federal District Court judges as of the finish of 2019. That’s nearly 20% the the 677 authorized ar judges. Obama had won confirmation for 99 at the same suggest in his presidency.   

Trump has also filled 5 seats top top the U.S. Court of federal Claims, which has actually nationwide jurisdiction end lawsuits seeking money native the government. And he has filled two seats top top the U.S. Court for global Trade. Obama filled no one to either court throughout his first term.

Trump have to share duty for this record with the Republican bulk in the Senate. Republic not only refused come consider Obama’s meeting of Merrick Garland to to fill the supreme Court vacancy eventually filled through Gorsuch, however they also blocked confirmation of dozens the Obama’s nominees to lower courts. Trump inherited 17 Court that Appeals vacancies, because that example, including seven that had Obama nominees pending but never confirmed.

Federal Debt and also Deficits

The commonwealth debt go up an ext than $2 sunshine under Trump, together trillion-dollar annual federal deficits returned. And there’s no finish in sight.

The federal debt organized by the public stood in ~ $17.2 trillion at the last count on Jan. 16 — boost of practically $2.8 trillion due to the fact that he took office. It is a 19.3% increase under Trump. And that number will walk up even more quickly in comes years unless Trump and Congress impose massive spending cuts, or reverse course and increase taxes.

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Trump’s cut in corporate and also individual income tax prices — and also bipartisan spending deals he signed in 2018 and also 2019 — are resulting in the red ink to gush also faster 보다 it did before. 

The commonwealth government’s annual deficit fight $984 billion in budget year 2019, which ended Sept. 30 last year. 

CBO’s many recent update of that Budget and Economic Outlook, issued Aug. 21, projected that under then-current law yearly deficits would peak $1 trillion in the present fiscal year and also average $1.2 trillion each year from 2020 through 2029. But then just 5 days prior to Christmas, trump card signed another $1.7 trillion bipartisan spending transaction that the head the the bipartisan Committee because that a Responsible Federal budget plan called “fiscally reckless.”

CBO is tho digesting that and also other factors, and is due to problem a new projection sometime this month.


The blame is now equal to around 78% of the nation’s entire gross domestic product. CBO said Oct. 3 that if existing laws aren’t changed, the debt “would strategy 100 percent that GDP by the end of the next decade and also 152 percent by 2048.” That would be far greater than the debt the U.S. Ran increase during human being War II, which was the greatest in the nation’s history.