DemographicsEstimate% of Total
Unauthorized Population 2,739,000 100%
Top countries of Birth
Mexico 1,680,000 61%
El Salvador 188,000 7%
Guatemala 174,000 6%
Philippines 152,000 6%
India 112,000 4%
Regions of Birth
Mexico and main America 2,099,000 77%
Caribbean 3,000 0%
South America 55,000 2%
Europe/Canada/Oceania 73,000 3%
Asia 490,000 18%
Africa 20,000 1%
Years the U.S. Residence
Less than 5 408,000 15%
5 come 9 359,000 13%
10 come 14 517,000 19%
15 to 19 599,000 22%
20 or more 856,000 31%
Under 16 115,000 4%
16 to 24 350,000 13%
25 to 34 692,000 25%
35 to 44 767,000 28%
45 come 54 522,000 19%
55 and also over 293,000 11%
Female 1,285,000 47%
FamilyEstimate% the Total
Parental Status
Population eras 15 and also older 2,640,000 100%
Reside through at the very least one U.S.-citizen boy under 18 886,000 34%
Reside through noncitizen youngsters only under 18 208,000 8%
Reside through no youngsters 1,546,000 59%
Marital Status
Population eras 15 and also older 2,640,000 100%
Never married 1,030,000 39%
Married to a U.S. Citizen 315,000 12%
Married come a legal permanent resident (LPR) 166,000 6%
Married to non-U.S. Citizen/non-LPR 726,000 28%
Divorced, separated, widowed 403,000 15%
Education and LanguageEstimate% of Total
School Enrollment of Children and Youth
Population ages 3 come 17 146,000 100%
Enrolled 133,000 92%
Not enrolled 12,000 8%
Population ages 3 come 12 68,000 100%
Enrolled 59,000 88%
Not enrolled 8,000 12%
Population eras 13 come 17 78,000 100%
Enrolled 74,000 95%
Not enrolled 4,000 5%
Population ages 18 come 24 312,000 100%
Enrolled 139,000 45%
Not enrolled 173,000 55%
Educational Attainment of Adults
Population eras 25 and older 2,275,000 100%
0-5 grade 384,000 17%
6-8 grade 418,000 18%
9-12 grade 374,000 16%
High college diploma or equivalent 494,000 22%
Some university or associate’s degree 265,000 12%
Bachelor’s, graduate, or skilled degree 339,000 15%
English Proficiency
Population ages 5 and also older 2,723,000 100%
Speak only English 130,000 5%
Speak English "very well" 668,000 25%
Speak English "well" 592,000 22%
Speak English "not well"/"not in ~ all" 1,334,000 49%
Top 5 Languages spoken at Home
Population ages 5 and older 2,723,000 100%
Spanish 2,069,000 76%
English 130,000 5%
Tagalog 129,000 5%
Chinese 110,000 4%
Korean 55,000 2%
WorkforceEstimate% the Total
Labor force Participation
Civilian population ages 16 and also older 2,624,000 100%
Employed 1,689,000 64%
Unemployed 128,000 5%
Not in the labor force 807,000 31%
Top industries of Employment
Civilian employed populace ages 16 and older 1,689,000 100%
Accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment, and also recreation 256,000 15%
Construction 240,000 14%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and also waste monitoring services 239,000 14%
Manufacturing 191,000 11%
Agriculture 156,000 9%
EconomicsEstimate% the Total
Family Income
Below 50% of the poverty level 299,000 11%
50-99% of the poverty level 389,000 14%
100-149% of the poverty level 472,000 17%
150-199% of the poor level 403,000 15%
At or over 200% the the poverty level 1,177,000 43%
Access to health and wellness Insurance
Uninsured 1,065,000 39%
Home Ownership*
Homeowner 604,000 22%


Source: These 2019 data result from Migration plan Institute (MPI) evaluation of U.S. Census office data from the pooled 2015-19 American neighborhood Survey (ACS) and also the 2008 inspection of Income and also Program participation (SIPP), weighted come 2019 not authorised immigrant population estimates noted by Jennifer van Hook that The Pennsylvania State University.

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Note: for U.S. And state estimates of the unauthorized populace potentially eligible because that the Deferred activity for Childhood come (DACA) program, click here.

Data-related notes* “Homeowners” are unauthorized immigrants residing in dwellings that are owned, no rented.

+ includes the following Colorado counties: Adams, Broomfield, clean Creek, Douglas, Elbert, Gilpin, and also Jefferson, as well as portions of Arapahoe, Boulder, and also Weld counties.

++ NECTAs refer to new England City and also Town Areas, geographical entities identified by the U.S. Census bureau for use as alternatives to counties in the six-state brand-new England region.

Estimate because that China includes Hong Kong however excludes Taiwan; estimate for Korea has South Korea and North Korea.

“School Enrollment of Children and also Youth” refers to unauthorized immigrants who reported attending institution or university at any type of time in the three months prior to the survey.

For languages, “Chinese” contains Mandarin, Cantonese, and also other Chinese languages; “English” has English, Jamaican Creole, Krio, Pidgin Krio, and other English-based creole languages; “French” contains French, Patois, and also Cajun; “Pacific Island languages” has Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, Sebuano, Chamorro, Guamanian, Marshallese, Trukese, Tongan, and also other Austronesian languages, however excludes Tagalog and also Filipino, which room reported separately; “Portuguese” contains Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole; “Sub-Saharan African” has Swahili or various other Bantu languages, Mande, Fulani, Kru, and other unspecified afri languages; “Tagalog” has Tagalog and Filipino.

For industries, “Other services” are various services, not consisting of the adhering to services provided separately: (1) professional, scientific, management, administrative, and also waste management services; (2) educational services; (3) health and social services; and also (4) accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment, and also recreation.

 “-” estimates are zero, no applicable, or not shown due to tiny sample size.

Percentages may not add up to 100 because of rounding.

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Methodology in Brief:MPI’s technique uses details from the SIPP to assign legal status to noncitizens in the ACS. In the SIPP, noncitizens report even if it is they right now have lawful irreversible resident (LPR) status—i.e., a green card. Those there is no LPR status may be current refugees, short-lived visitors (e.g., international students or high-skilled H-1B workers), or unauthorized immigrants. Our technique maps features such as nation of birth, year of U.S. Entry, age, gender, and educational attainment between the two surveys, and also those noncitizens in the ACS who have actually characteristics comparable to those reporting LPR status in the SIPP room coded as LPRs in the ACS. The staying noncitizens—who are similar in features to those no reporting LPR condition in the SIPP—are classified together either not authorised or legal short-lived migrants, depending on whether they meet the qualifications because that H-1B and the various other temporary visa classifications. Approximates of unauthorized immigrants room weighted to complement control totals (benchmarks) for immigrants from a set of beginning countries and world regions. These regulate totals space calculated by subtracting the variety of legal immigrant from the full of all immigrants for each nation and region that are captured in the ACS data. The number of legal immigrants is approximated by adding up all legal admissions from each nation and region in every year—using room of landscape Security administrative data—and climate reducing this number to account for deaths and also emigration of legal immigrants. Finally, the not authorised immigrant populace estimates are changed upward slightly to account because that the undercount that this population in the ACS. 

MPI’s overall technique was developed in consultation through James Bachmeier of holy place University and Jennifer van Hook the The Pennsylvania State University, population Research Institute. For much more detail ~ above the methods, view MPI, “MPI Methodology for Assigning Legal condition to Noncitizen respondents in U.S. Census Bureau inspection Data.” The regulate totals were developed by valve Hook. These estimates have the very same sampling and also coverage errors as any kind of other survey-based estimates that rely on ACS and also other Census office data.

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