DemographicsEstimate% of Total
Unauthorized Population 1,739,000 100%
Top countries of Birth
Mexico 1,160,000 67%
El Salvador 137,000 8%
Honduras 107,000 6%
Guatemala 62,000 4%
India 61,000 3%
Regions the Birth
Mexico and main America 1,478,000 85%
Caribbean 5,000 0%
South America 54,000 3%
Europe/Canada/Oceania 24,000 1%
Asia 136,000 8%
Africa 41,000 2%
Years that U.S. Residence
Less 보다 5 358,000 21%
5 to 9 268,000 15%
10 to 14 325,000 19%
15 to 19 387,000 22%
20 or more 401,000 23%
Under 16 107,000 6%
16 come 24 257,000 15%
25 to 34 464,000 27%
35 to 44 473,000 27%
45 come 54 280,000 16%
55 and also over 157,000 9%
Female 797,000 46%
FamilyEstimate% that Total
Parental Status
Population ages 15 and older 1,644,000 100%
Reside with at least one U.S.-citizen boy under 18 587,000 36%
Reside through noncitizen children only under 18 141,000 9%
Reside through no kids 917,000 56%
Marital Status
Population eras 15 and older 1,644,000 100%
Never married 574,000 35%
Married to a U.S. Citizen 204,000 12%
Married to a legal long-term resident (LPR) 104,000 6%
Married to non-U.S. Citizen/non-LPR 489,000 30%
Divorced, separated, widowed 274,000 17%
Education and LanguageEstimate% the Total
School Enrollment the Children and Youth
Population periods 3 come 17 133,000 100%
Enrolled 116,000 87%
Not enrolled 17,000 13%
Population periods 3 come 12 68,000 100%
Enrolled 58,000 85%
Not enrolled 10,000 15%
Population ages 13 come 17 65,000 100%
Enrolled 58,000 89%
Not enrolled 7,000 11%
Population periods 18 come 24 225,000 100%
Enrolled 76,000 34%
Not enrolled 149,000 66%
Educational Attainment of Adults
Population periods 25 and older 1,375,000 100%
0-5 grade 220,000 16%
6-8 grade 266,000 19%
9-12 grade 256,000 19%
High college diploma or equivalent 314,000 23%
Some university or associate’s degree 143,000 10%
Bachelor’s, graduate, or expert degree 175,000 13%
English Proficiency
Population ages 5 and older 1,722,000 100%
Speak just English 82,000 5%
Speak English "very well" 387,000 22%
Speak English "well" 344,000 20%
Speak English "not well"/"not at all" 910,000 53%
Top 5 Languages spoken at Home
Population periods 5 and older 1,722,000 100%
Spanish 1,472,000 85%
English 82,000 5%
Vietnamese 19,000 1%
Sub-Saharan african languages 19,000 1%
Chinese 17,000 1%
WorkforceEstimate% the Total
Labor pressure Participation
Civilian population ages 16 and older 1,631,000 100%
Employed 1,042,000 64%
Unemployed 55,000 3%
Not in the labor force 534,000 33%
Top industries of Employment
Civilian employed population ages 16 and also older 1,042,000 100%
Construction 311,000 30%
Accommodation and also food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation 152,000 15%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and also waste administration services 127,000 12%
Manufacturing 87,000 8%
Other services (except windy administration) 85,000 8%
EconomicsEstimate% of Total
Family Income
Below 50% that the poor level 231,000 13%
50-99% of the poverty level 276,000 16%
100-149% of the poor level 310,000 18%
150-199% the the poor level 255,000 15%
At or above 200% the the poor level 666,000 38%
Access to health Insurance
Uninsured 1,198,000 69%
Home Ownership*
Homeowner 639,000 37%


Source: These 2019 data result from Migration policy Institute (MPI) evaluation of U.S. Census bureau data from the pooled 2015-19 American community Survey (ACS) and the 2008 inspection of Income and also Program participation (SIPP), weighted come 2019 innocuous immigrant populace estimates provided by Jennifer van Hook that The Pennsylvania State University.

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Note: for U.S. And state approximates of the unauthorized populace potentially eligible because that the Deferred action for Childhood arrivals (DACA) program, click here.

Data-related notes* “Homeowners” space unauthorized immigrants residing in houses that are owned, no rented.

+ has the adhering to Colorado counties: Adams, Broomfield, clean Creek, Douglas, Elbert, Gilpin, and also Jefferson, and portions that Arapahoe, Boulder, and also Weld counties.

++ NECTAs refer to brand-new England City and also Town Areas, geographic entities defined by the U.S. Census bureau for usage as choices to counties in the six-state new England region.

Estimate for China includes Hong Kong but excludes Taiwan; estimate for Korea has South Korea and also North Korea.

“School Enrollment the Children and Youth” describes unauthorized immigrants that reported attending school or college at any kind of time in the 3 months before the survey.

For languages, “Chinese” consists of Mandarin, Cantonese, and also other Chinese languages; “English” contains English, Jamaican Creole, Krio, Pidgin Krio, and also other English-based creole languages; “French” consists of French, Patois, and Cajun; “Pacific Island languages” contains Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, Sebuano, Chamorro, Guamanian, Marshallese, Trukese, Tongan, and also other Austronesian languages, but excludes Tagalog and also Filipino, which space reported separately; “Portuguese” contains Portuguese and also Cape Verdean Creole; “Sub-Saharan African” contains Swahili or various other Bantu languages, Mande, Fulani, Kru, and other unspecified african languages; “Tagalog” includes Tagalog and Filipino.

For industries, “Other services” are various services, not consisting of the adhering to services detailed separately: (1) professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services; (2) educational services; (3) health and social services; and (4) accommodation and also food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation.

 “-” approximates are zero, not applicable, or not presented due to small sample size.

Percentages may not include up to 100 due to rounding.

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Methodology in Brief:MPI’s method uses info from the SIPP to entrust legal condition to noncitizens in the ACS. In the SIPP, noncitizens report even if it is they at this time have lawful irreversible resident (LPR) status—i.e., a green card. Those there is no LPR status might be current refugees, short-lived visitors (e.g., international students or high-skilled H-1B workers), or unauthorized immigrants. Our an approach maps qualities such as nation of birth, year the U.S. Entry, age, gender, and educational attainment between the two surveys, and also those noncitizens in the ACS who have characteristics comparable to those reporting LPR status in the SIPP room coded as LPRs in the ACS. The remaining noncitizens—who are similar in characteristics to those no reporting LPR status in the SIPP—are classified together either unauthorized or legal temporary migrants, relying on whether they satisfy the qualifications because that H-1B and also the various other temporary visa classifications. Estimates of innocuous immigrants room weighted to complement control totals (benchmarks) for immigrant from a collection of origin countries and also world regions. These control totals room calculated by individually the variety of legal immigrant from the total of all immigrants for each nation and region that are recorded in the ACS data. The variety of legal immigrants is approximated by including up all legal admissions indigenous each nation and an ar in every year—using room of countryside Security governmental data—and then reducing this number to account for deaths and emigration of legal immigrants. Finally, the innocuous immigrant population estimates are readjusted upward contempt to account for the undercount the this populace in the ACS. 

MPI’s overall method was developed in consultation through James Bachmeier of temple University and Jennifer van Hook the The Pennsylvania State University, populace Research Institute. For more detail on the methods, see MPI, “MPI Methodology for Assigning Legal status to Noncitizen respondent in U.S. Census Bureau inspection Data.” The manage totals were emerged by valve Hook. These estimates have the exact same sampling and coverage errors as any other survey-based estimates that rely on ACS and other Census bureau data.

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