New U.S. Citizens attend a naturalization ceremony in Washington, DC. (Photo: Kelsey Bell/National Archives)

The year 2020 was a momentous one because that U.S. Immigration, noting the last year that an administration that had actually a practically unprecedented emphasis on to reduce immigration, and the COVID-19 pandemic, which drastically chilled travel and also migration to the unified States and around the world.

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Even before 2020, the immigrant populace in the joined States already had been farming at lot slower rates than a decade ago. And origins for current arrivals to be shifting, with an ext new immigrant coming native Asia than various other regions. The year had actually other noteworthy developments: The most recent approximates revealed illegal immigrant was ~ above the decline, the United says resettled the smallest variety of refugees in the background of the refugees resettlement program, and nearly fifty percent of recently arrived immigrants had actually a bachelor’s level or more.

To offer much more context ~ above the immigrants often at the center of politics discussions, that numbered 44.9 million in 2019, this Spotlight provides information around some that the most typically requested immigration-related issues by translate into the most authoritative and also current data available. It answers questions such as: What space the historic immigration fads in the united States? that is immigrating, and through i m sorry channels? In what occupations perform immigrants work? How many immigrants become naturalized citizens? What immigrant enforcement actions were taken during the year? What space income and also poverty metrics, as well as health insurance money coverage, for immigrants and the U.S. Born alike?

This article draws ~ above the most recent resources and data indigenous the Migration policy Institute (MPI); the U.S. Census bureau (using the 2019 American community Survey , 2020 Current population Survey , and 2000 decennial census); and the U.S. Department of Homeland protection (DHS) and State. (Note: DHS and also State room data refer to fiscal years that start on October 1 and also end top top September 30; ACS and also CPS data describe calendar years). For much more detailed info on U.S. And global immigration data sources and also one-click accessibility to these datasets, view the MPI report Immigration Data Matters. And all of the data tools and also maps attached to in this article additionally can it is in accessed through MPI’s Migration Data Hub.

Click on the cartridge points for more information on every topic:

 Immigrants Now and Historically


"Foreign born" and also "immigrant" are supplied interchangeably and refer to persons with no U.S. Citizenship at birth. This populace includes nature citizens, lawful permanent residents, refugees and also asylees, persons on certain temporary visas, and unauthorized immigrants.

Geographical regions: MPI follows the an interpretation of Latin America as placed forth by the united Nations and also the U.S. Census Bureau, which spans main America (including Mexico), the Caribbean, and South America. For much more information about geographical regions, view the U.S. Census Bureau and United countries Statistics Division.

How plenty of immigrants reside in the united States?

More than 44.9 million immigrants resided in the United states in 2019, the historical numeric high due to the fact that census records have actually been kept. Immigrants’ re-superstructure of the in its entirety U.S. Populace has increased substantially from the record low the 4.7 percent in 1970. In 2019, immigrants comprised 13.7 percent of the full U.S. Population, a figure that remains brief of the record high of 14.8 percent in 1890.

The foreign-born populace remained mainly flat in between 2018 and also 2019, with boost of 204,000 people, or development of much less than 0.5 percent. This is regular with the 203,000 increase from 2017 come 2018 and also much reduced than the around 787,000 increase—or 2 percent growth—seen in between 2016 and also 2017. The slowing expansion of the immigrant populace over the past few years is mirrored by the slowing expansion of the complete U.S. Populace since 2015.

How have actually the number and also share of immigrants changed over time?

In 1850, the first year the unified States began collecting nativity data with the census, the country had 2.2 million immigrants, representing almost 10 percent of the full population.

Between 1860 and also 1920, the immigrant re-publishing of the populace fluctuated in between 13 percent and almost 15 percent, peaking at 14.8 percent in 1890, largely due to high level of immigration from Europe. Restrictive immigration laws in 1921 and 1924 kept long-term immigration open practically exclusively come northern and western Europeans. Combined with the great Depression and World battle II, this caused a spicy drop in brand-new arrivals from the eastern Hemisphere. The foreign-born share steadily declined, hitting a record low the 4.7 percent (or 9.6 million immigrants) in 1970 (see number 1).

Figure 1. Size and Share that the Foreign-Born population in the united States, 1850-2019


Source: Migration policy Institute (MPI) tabulation of data native U.S. Census Bureau, 2010-19 American community Surveys (ACS), and 1970, 1990, and 2000 decennial census. All other data are from Campbell J. Gibson and also Emily Lennon, "Historical Census Statistics top top the Foreign-Born populace of the joined States: 1850 come 1990" (Working record no. 29, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 1999).

Since 1970, the share and variety of immigrants have actually increased rapidly, mainly because of large immigration from Latin America and Asia. The large diversification of immigration flows was ushered in by vital shifts in U.S. Immigration regulation (including the Immigration and Nationality act of 1965 which abolished national-origin join quotas; the creation of a formal refugees resettlement regimen with the refugees Act that 1980; and also the Cold War-era approve of preferential therapy to Cuban immigrants); the united States’ growing economic and military visibility in Asia and also Latin America; economic ties, social linkages, and also deep migration history between the joined States and its southerly neighbors; and significant economic transformations and also political instability in countries approximately the world.

How carry out today’s top nations of origin compare come those 50 years ago?

In 2019, Mexicans made up 24 percent of all immigrants in the United says a decrease from 30 percent in 2000. Immigrants from India and also China (including those born in Hong Kong and also Macao however not Taiwan) were the following two largest immigrant groups, each making up around 6 percent the the foreign-born population. Other top nations of origin include the Philippines (5 percent); El Salvador, Vietnam, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic (each accountancy for 3 percent); and Guatemala and also Korea (each 2 percent). Together, these ten nations accounted because that 57 percent of all immigrant in the United says in 2019. 

The predominance of immigration from Latin America and also Asia in the so late 20th and early 21st centuries starkly contrasts with the trend in the mid-1900s, as soon as immigrants were mainly European. In the 1960s no single country accounted for more than 15 percent of the U.S. Immigrant population. Italians to be the top beginning group, making up 13 percent the the international born in 1960, adhered to by Germans and also Canadians (about 10 percent each).

How long have actually immigrants resided in the united States, and what space the leading sending countries?

Fifty percent that all immigrants in the United says in 2019 had gone into the nation prior to 2000 (29 percent entered before 1990 and 21 percent between 1990 and 1999), when 25 percent entered between 2000 and also 2009 and also the continuing to be 25 percent in 2010 or later.

While immigrants from Mexico have dominated the operation post-1970, the composition of new arrivals has changed since 2010. Recently arrived immigrants are more likely come come indigenous Asia, v India and also China top the way. In fact, in 2013, India and China overtook Mexico together the height origin nations for brand-new arrivals, displacing its longstanding position.

The number of immigrants indigenous the Dominican Republic, the Philippines, Cuba, Venezuela, Guatemala, and El Salvador additionally increased in between 2010 and 2019. By contrast, the variety of Mexican immigrant in the unified States declined by much more than 779,000 throughout the very same period, representing the best absolute decline of every immigrant groups.

Among the origin countries with at the very least 100,000 immigrant in the United claims in 2019, the top five that skilled the more quickly growth between 2010 and 2019 to be Venezuela (an rise of 153 percent), Afghanistan (143 percent), Nepal (140 percent), Myanmar (also known as Burma; 84 percent), and also Nigeria (79 percent).

How countless U.S. Inhabitants are the immigrant origin?

Immigrants and also their U.S.-born youngsters number about 85.7 million people, or 26 percent of the U.S. Population, follow to the 2020 Current populace Survey (CPS), a slight decrease from 2019. The Pew Research facility has projected the the immigrant-origin re-publishing of the populace will increase to about 36 percent through 2065.

Demographic, Educational, and also Linguistic Characteristics


College-educated persons are characterized as adults 25 years and also older v a bachelor"s level or higher.

Race as used by the Census Bureau mirrors the gyeongju or races with which individuals most carefully self-identify. Race categories encompass both racial and also national-origin groups.

Hispanic and Latino are ethnic, not racial, categories. They encompass individuals who classified us in one of the details Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino categories noted on the decennial census and American neighborhood Survey questionnaire—"Mexican, mexico Am., Chicano," "Puerto Rican," or "Cuban"—as well as those who suggest that they space "other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin." people who shown that they room "other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino" include those whose beginnings are native Spain, the Spanish-speaking countries of main or south America, the Dominican Republic, or civilization who self-identify much more generally as Spanish, Spanish-American, Hispanic, Hispano, Latino, and also so on.

Read much more about Census Bureau’s interpretations on its website.

What is the median period for immigrants?

The immigrant population’s median period in 2019 to be 45.7 years, making the older 보다 the U.S.-born population, which had a median period of 36.5 years. Children of immigrant who space born in the joined States add to the younger median period of the U.S.-born population compared come the immigrant population, i m sorry is comprised of people who immigrate largely as adults.

Fewer than 1 percent of immigrants were under age 5 in 2019, contrasted to 7 percent of the U.S.-born population in this age group. Children and youth ages 5 to 17 years accounted for 5 percent the immigrants and also 18 percent the the U.S.-born population. World of working age (18 come 64 years) made up 78 percent of the immigrant population, a much greater figure than the 59 percent the U.S. Born in this category. About 17 percent of immigrants were 65 years and older, comparable to the 16 percent the the U.S. Born in this age group.

What is the female share of the immigrant population?

In 2019, around 52 percent of every U.S. Immigrants were female. The share has fluctuated slightly over the past four decades: 53 percent in 1980, 51 percent in 1990, 50 percent in 2000, and also 51 percent in 2010.

What is the racial makeup of immigrants?

In 2019, 45 percent of immigrants reported their race as single-race White, 27 percent as Asian, 10 percent together Black, and 15 percent as some other race. Around 2 percent reported having two or more races.

How countless immigrants space Hispanic or Latino?

In 2019, 44 percent that U.S. Immigrant (19.8 million people) reported having actually Hispanic or Latino origins.

Note: The Census office classifies Hispanic and Latino as ethnic categories, different from the gyeongju categories provided above (see definitions box for more information).

How numerous Hispanics in the United states are immigrants?

The majority of U.S. Hispanics room U.S.-born. That the 60.5 million civilization in 2019 who self-identified together Hispanic or Latino, 33 percent (19.8 million) to be immigrants and 67 percent (40.6 million) were U.S.-born.

Use the MPI Data Hub’s State immigration Data Profiles come learn more about the demographic features of immigrants and also the U.S. Born (including race and also ethnicity) in each of the 50 states, the district of Columbia, and the joined States.

Which languages are most frequently talked at home?

In 2019, around 78 percent (241 million) of all 308.8 million people ages 5 and older regardless of nativity reported speaking just English at home. The staying 22 percent (67.8 million) reported speaking a language various other than English at home.

Among those that reported speak a language various other than English at home, 62 percent to be Spanish speakers. Other top languages to be Chinese (5 percent, consisting of Mandarin and also Cantonese); Tagalog (almost 3 percent); and also Vietnamese, Arabic, French (including Cajun), and also Korean (about 2 percent each) (see Table 1).

Table 1. Languages talked at house Other 보다 English (ages 5 and also older), 2019


Source: MPI tabulation that data indigenous the U.S. Census office 2019 ACS.

Spanish to be the most typical language after ~ English in all however four states: Alaska (where the Eskimo-Aleut languages dominated), Hawaii (Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, Marshallese, or various other Austronesian languages), and also Maine and Vermont (French) (see number 2).

Figure 2. Map of many Commonly talked Languages other than English and Spanish, by State, 2019


Notes: Chinese consists of Mandarin and Cantonese; Dakota+ consists of Dakota, Lakota, Nakota, and Sioux; French consists of Cajun; Ilocano+ contains Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, Marshallese, or other Austronesian languages; Pennsylvania Dutch+ contains Pennsylvania German, Yiddish, or various other West germanic languages; and also Tagalog contains Filipino.

Source: MPI analysis of data native the U.S. Census bureau 2019 ACS for the united States and all states except Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, brand-new Hampshire, north Dakota, Rhode Island, southern Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and also Wyoming, and the district of Columbia. Data for these 15 jurisdictions are from the U.S. Census office pooled 2015-19 ACS.

How plenty of immigrants are restricted English experienced (LEP)?

In 2019, roughly 46 percent (20.7 million) that the 44.6 million immigrants periods 5 and also older were restricted English skilled (LEP). Immigrant accounted because that 81 percent that the country’s 25.5 million LEP individuals.

Note: The ax "Limited English Proficient" describes persons ages 5 and also older who reported speaking English "not in ~ all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Individuals who reported speaking “only English” or speak English "very well" are taken into consideration proficient in English.

What share of the immigrant populace has a college education?

In 2019, 33 percent (12.9 million) the the 39.5 million immigrants ages 25 and also older had actually a bachelor"s level or higher, comparable to U.S.-born adults (see number 3). Notably, 48 percent of immigrant who entered the country between 2014 and 2019 organized bachelor’s levels or higher, compared to 33 percent of the U.S.-born and overall immigrant populations.

Figure 3. Educational Attainment that U.S.-Born, Immigrant, and also Recently arrived Immigrant Residents, 2019


Note: Recently arrived immigrants room those who gone into the joined States in between 2014 and 2019.

Source: MPI tabulation that data from the U.S. Census bureau 2019 ACS.

Educational attainment varies by country of origin. In 2019, practically 80 percent the Indian immigrant adult in the joined States had a bachelor’s level or more. Various other top countries were Zimbabwe (74 percent), Taiwan (73 percent), unified Arab Emirates and also Belarus (70 percent each), and also Singapore (69 percent).

Immigrant Destinations

Which states have the largest variety of immigrants and which ones have actually experienced the fastest development of their immigrant populations?

In 2019, the top 5 U.S. States by number of immigrants were California (10.6 million), Texas (5 million), Florida (4.5 million), new York (4.4 million), and brand-new Jersey (2.1 million).

When share by immigrants" share of full population, the top 5 states in 2019 were California (27 percent), new Jersey (23 percent), brand-new York (22 percent), Florida (21 percent), and Nevada (20 percent).

While traditional immigrant destinations have actually the biggest absolute number of brand-new immigrants, other states have seen much bigger relative expansion in your immigrant populations. In some cases this is because the states’ initial foreign-born populations were quite small, for this reason a reasonably small absolute increase has translated right into high-percent expansion (see Table 2).

Table 2. Top 5 States through Absolute and also Percent development in Immigrant Population, 2000-10 and also 2010-19

Absolute Growth


Percent Change


Source: MPI tabulation the data indigenous the U.S. Census bureau 2010 and 2019 ACS and also 2000 decennial census.


The civilian labor force is comprised of civilians ages 16 and older that were either employed or unemployed but looking for work in the week before participation in the American ar Survey or decennial census.

How plenty of immigrants are in the U.S. Civilian job force?

Immigrants made up 17 percent (28.6 million) that the civilian labor pressure (166.3 million) in 2019. Immigrant joining in the labor pressure has an ext than tripled due to the fact that 1970, as soon as immigrants accounting for approximately 5 percent the the civilian job force.

What varieties of tasks do immigrants perform?

Of the 27.6 million to work foreign-born workers ages 16 and older in 2019, the biggest share (35 percent) functioned in management, professional, and related job (see figure 4).

Figure 4. Employed workers in the U.S. Civilian Labor pressure (ages 16 and also older), by Nativity and also Occupation, 2019


Note: Numbers might not add up come 100 as they room rounded to the nearest totality number.

Source: MPI tabulation of data from the U.S. Census office 2019 ACS.

Income and Poverty

In 2019, immigrant families had a median earnings of $63,550, compared to $66,040 because that native-born households.

Fourteen percent of immigrants were bad (that is, with household incomes below the official poverty threshold), contrasted to 12 percent of the U.S. Born.

Health insurance Coverage

What re-superstructure of immigrants have actually health insurance?

In 2019, approximately 58 percent of U.S. Immigrants had actually private health insurance (compared come 69 percent the the U.S. Born), and 30 percent had public health insurance coverage (compared come 36 percent of the U.S. Born).

Since implementation of the Affordable care Act (ACA) in 2014, health insurance coverage rates improved for both the U.S. Born and also immigrants. Native 2013 to 2017, the price of uninsured immigrants fell from 32 percent to 20 percent, and the rate for the native born fell from 12 percent to 7 percent. In 2017, the Trump management made a number of changes to policies initiated through the ACA, including removing the individual coverage mandate, finishing cost-sharing subsidies to insurers, and also cutting resources for navigator programs. In 2019, the share of uninsured amongst the immigrant populace remained at about 20 percent.

Note: Health insurance money coverage is calculated just for the civilian, noninstitutionalized population. Since some human being may simultaneously host both private and public health insurance coverage, approximates of those through public wellness insurance and those through public coverage might overlap. Your sum because of this may be higher than the total variety of people with health insurance.

Children of Immigrants


Second-generation immigrant children are any U.S.-born kids with at the very least one foreign-born parent. First-generation immigrant children are any type of foreign-born youngsters with at least one foreign-born parent. Children v immigrant parents are both first- and also second-generation immigrant children. Note: The estimates in this section include only kids under period 18 who reside with at the very least one parent.

How many U.S. Kids live through immigrant parents?

In 2019, around 17.8 million U.S. Kids under period 18 lived through at the very least one immigrant parent. Lock accounted because that 26 percent that the 68.9 million children under period 18 in the unified States, up from 19 percent in 2000 and 13 percent in 1990.

Second-generation children, who were born in the United claims to at least one foreign-born parent, accounted for 88 percent (15.6 million) of all youngsters under age 18 through immigrant parents. The remaining 12 percent (2.2 million) to be born exterior the unified States.

How has the variety of children in immigrant families adjusted over time?

Between 2000 and 2010, the variety of children eras 17 and also under through immigrant parents grew 30 percent, native 13.1 million come 17 million. In between 2010 and also 2019, the number thrived by an additional 5 percent, reaching 17.8 million.

The population of first-generation children, who were born exterior the unified States, decreased by 12 percent between 2000 and 2010, native 2.7 million to 2.4 million. That then decreased further by another 9 percent in between 2010 and also 2019, to 2.2 million.

In contrast, the variety of second-generation children has grown steadily since 2000. Between 2000 and 2010, the number raised by 40 percent, indigenous 10.4 million come 14.6 million, followed by a 7 percent increase in between 2010 and 2019, reaching 15.6 million.

How many kids living with immigrant parents room in low-income families?

In 2019, there were 25.6 million youngsters under age 18 living in families with incomes listed below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold. The them, practically 8 million (or 31 percent) were kids of immigrants.

Children of immigrants were much more likely to be in low-income households (45 percent that the 17.8 million) compared to children of U.S.-born parents (35 percent that the 51.1 million).

Which states have actually the largest variety of children in immigrant families and which ones have experienced the fastest expansion of this population?

In 2019, the top 5 states by the total variety of children under period 18 living v immigrant parents were California (4 million), Texas (2.4 million), new York (1.4 million), Florida (1.4 million), and new Jersey (769,000). These claims accounted because that 56 percent of the 17.8 million U.S. Kids with immigrant parents.

The five states through the largest share of kids with immigrant parents in 2019 to be California (47 percent the all children in the state), brand-new Jersey (41 percent), Nevada (38 percent), brand-new York (36 percent), and Texas (35 percent).

While traditional immigrant destinations competent the largest absolute growth in kids with immigrant parents end time, various other states have actually seen much bigger relative development (see Table 3). In some states, this is because the initial number of children with immigrant parents was quite small. Thus, reasonably small absolute rises in the immigrant populace in these states have actually translated right into high percent growth.

Table 3. Top five States through Absolute and Percent development in kids with Immigrant Parents, 2000-10 and 2010-19

Absolute Growth


Percent Growth


Source: MPI tabulation that data native the U.S. Census office 2010 and 2019 ACS and also 2000 decennial census.

Permanent Immigration

How numerous immigrants obtain lawful irreversible residence (also well-known as acquiring a green card)?

In fiscal year (FY) 2019, 1 million immigrants became lawful permanent occupants (LPRs, additionally known together green-card holders). The number of brand-new LPRs in FY 2019 decreased by 64,800 indigenous the former year (a 6 percent drop). In the previous decade, the yearly number of brand-new green-card recipients has actually ranged native 991,000 (FY 2013) to 1.2 million (FY 2016).

In current years, immigrants obtaining LPR status have been, ~ above average, around evenly divided between those already living in the United says who space adjusting your status and those using from exterior the country. An ext than 55 percent (or 573,000) that the 1 million new LPRs in FY 2019 received eco-friendly cards from in ~ the joined States. Numerous of these brand-new permanent inhabitants are spouses, boy children, and parents of U.S. Citizens, or persons that arrived together refugees or as short-lived workers.

About 459,000 that the brand-new LPRs (nearly 45 percent) to be granted this status from abroad in FY 2019, a slim dip indigenous previous years as soon as the share of brand-new arrivals was higher (48 percent in FY 2018 and 51 percent the prior year). Most new arrivals space immediate family members that U.S. Citizens and LPRs.

Under which category are irreversible immigrants admitted?

There are four main pathways to acquire a eco-friendly card: v a family relationship, employed staff sponsorship, humanitarian security (for refugees and asylees), and the Diversity Visa (DV) lottery (also known as the green-card lottery).

Overall, of the 1 million immigrants that received green cards in FY 2019, 49 percent were instant relatives the U.S. Citizens (an uncapped visa category), adhered to by an additional 20 percent the family-related immigrant (whose admission is restricted by visa and also country caps).

Ten percent of brand-new green-card holders readjusted from refugees or asylee status. About 14 percent of brand-new LPRs to be either funded by your employers or self-petitioned, consisting of investors who produce jobs. Roughly 4 percent to be diversity lottery winners.

What are the height five nations of birth for new permanent immigrants?

The top five nations of birth in FY 2019 were Mexico (15 percent), mainland China (6 percent), India (5 percent), the Dominican Republic (5 percent), and the Philippines (4 percent). These nations represented around 36 percent of anyone who received a green card in FY 2019.

How many civilization are selected in the Diversity Visa lottery and where execute they come from?

In FY 2019, 43,000 world from nations with low rates of immigrant to the unified States received a environment-friendly card together diversity immigrants, representing about 4 percent that the 1 million brand-new LPRs.

The leading nations of birth of DV immigrants were Egypt and Nepal, together audit for about 14 percent the DV participants adjusting come LPR status. Other top countries of beginning were the autonomous Republic that the Congo (6 percent), Russia (5 percent), Albania (5 percent), Ukraine (4 percent), and Ethiopia, Cameroon, Turkey, and also Algeria (3 percent each).

For part countries, the Diversity Visa lottery to represent a significant share that all brand-new LPRs. For example, out of every nationals the Tajikistan adjusting to LPR condition in FY 2019, 72 percent were DV immigrants. Share were likewise high because that nationals of Algeria (58 percent) and Azerbaijan (55 percent). DV lottery winners represented in between 40 percent and also 50 percent of new LPRs originally from Turkmenistan, Sudan, Benin, and also Albania.

Created in 1990, the lottery sets aside 55,000 green cards annually, of i m sorry 5,000 must be offered for applicants under the Nicaraguan and main America Relief plot of 1997. Attention in the lottery is significantly greater than the lot of accessible visas; around 6.7 million qualified applications to be registered for the DV-2021, spanning 11.8 million applicants and their spouses and also minor children. This number was under from 14.7 million in DV-2020 and 14.4 million in DV-2019. (The application number varies each year in part because of which countries are eligible.) before receiving permission to immigrate, lottery winners must carry out proof that a high school education or its equivalent or show two years of job-related experience in ~ the past 5 years in an occupation that requires at the very least two years of cultivate or experience. They additionally must happen a clinical exam and a elevator check.

Temporary Visas

How many people have temporary visas?

According come the many recent room of Homeland defense (DHS) estimates obtainable at this writing, 2.3 million foreign nationals on various temporary visas lived in the unified States throughout FY 2016, up from around 2 million in FY 2015. Almost half (1.1 million) were short-term workers and also their families, complied with by 40 percent that were international students and also their families (870,000).

Sixty-one percent were from Asia. Nationals of nations in Europe and North America accounted for 15 percent each. The top five countries of origin—India, China, Mexico, Canada, and also South Korea—accounted because that 57 percent of all occupants on short-lived visas.

Note: This estimate of momentary visa holders contains temporary workers, worldwide students, exchange visitors, diplomats, and representatives of international governments and also international organizations. It excludes tourists and other short-term visitors. North America includes Canada, Bermuda, central America, and the Caribbean.

How many people entered the United states on nonimmigrant visas?

According come the most recently easily accessible data indigenous DHS, 42.7 million individuals gone into in FY 2016 together I-94 nonimmigrants on various temporary visas. Top top average, every I-94 nonimmigrant to be admitted 1.8 times. This is the an initial time, and also to date the only time, the DHS Office of immigrant Statistics (OIS) has estimated the variety of unique individuals who came temporarily, as opposed come the variety of nonimmigrant admissions or entries.

Most of this nonimmigrants—34.2 million—entered together tourists, complied with by 3.7 million as organization visitors. That these, 15 million tourists and 1.7 million business travelers were from Visa Waiver program countries, definition they did not need a visa to enter the united States. Further, around 1 million international students entered on F-1 visas. OIS in addition estimated that around 290,300 individuals were admitted on high-skilled worker H-1B visas (mostly from India, China, Canada, the unified Kingdom, and also Mexico) and 81,600 top top nonagricultural short-lived or seasonal worker H-2B vi (mostly from Mexico, Jamaica, Guatemala, south Africa, and Canada).

How numerous nonimmigrant vi does the State room issue?

In FY 2020, the annual variety of nonimmigrant visas issued by the State Department diminished for the fourth time since 2015, to 4 million—a 54 percent decrease from the 8.7 million approve in FY 2019.

Seventy-one percent that the 4 million nonimmigrant visas issued in FY 2020 were momentary business and tourist vi (B and also BCC visas). The next largest visa class was for momentary workers and also trainees and their family members members (H visa categories), who consisted of 12 percent the nonimmigrant visas issued in FY 2020. The 3rd largest team was for academic students and also exchange visitors and also their household members (F and also J visa categories), who comprised 6 percent that nonimmigrant visas.

In addition to the trump administration’s travel ban, i beg your pardon was prolonged to six other nations in early on 2020, the sharp decline in nonimmigrant visa issuances in FY 2020 deserve to be attributed come the an international slowdown in mobility amid the COVID-19 pandemic and the administration’s accompanying immigrant restrictions. Top top June 22, 2020, president Donald Trump authorize a proclamation suspending the issuance of certain nonimmigrant visas. This proclamation applied to H-1B visas (for short-lived workers in specialty occupations), H-2B visas (for nonagricultural workers), particular J visas (for exchange visitors), and also L visas (for intracompany transferees), and also visas issued come the dependents of this nonimmigrants.

Note: The number of visas authorize does no necessarily complement the number of foreign nationals who gone into the United claims in the very same year since some nonimmigrant visas might not it is in used.

How plenty of nonimmigrant admissions go DHS give in a year?

DHS granted 186 million nonimmigrant admissions in FY 2019, of which 105 million were admissions the Canadians and also Mexicans travel for company or pleasure. This travelers space exempt from perfect the I-94 arrival/departure kind at the port of entry, for this reason DHS does not provide characteristics because that this group.

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In FY 2019, there were 81.6 million full temporary admissions that I-94 nonimmigrants, similar to the 81.3 million a year earlier (see Table 4).