DemographicsEstimate% that Total
Unauthorized Population 10,977,000 100%
Top countries of Birth
Mexico 5,572,000 51%
El Salvador 750,000 7%
Guatemala 588,000 5%
India 469,000 4%
Honduras 402,000 4%
Regions of Birth
Mexico and central America 7,425,000 68%
Caribbean 406,000 4%
South America 783,000 7%
Europe/Canada/Oceania 648,000 6%
Asia 1,485,000 14%
Africa 230,000 2%
Years of U.S. Residence
Less than 5 2,309,000 21%
5 come 9 2,059,000 19%
10 come 14 2,564,000 23%
15 to 19 2,512,000 23%
20 or more 1,532,000 14%
Under 16 593,000 5%
16 to 24 1,706,000 16%
25 to 34 3,297,000 30%
35 to 44 3,077,000 28%
45 to 54 1,498,000 14%
55 and over 805,000 7%
Female 5,073,000 46%
FamilyEstimate% the Total
Parental Status
Population periods 15 and older 10,460,000 100%
Reside with at least one U.S.-citizen son under 18 3,704,000 35%
Reside with noncitizen children only under 18 704,000 7%
Reside v no kids 6,052,000 58%
Marital Status
Population periods 15 and also older 10,460,000 100%
Never married 4,093,000 39%
Married to a U.S. Citizen 1,595,000 15%
Married to a legal irreversible resident (LPR) 675,000 6%
Married to non-U.S. Citizen/non-LPR 2,528,000 24%
Divorced, separated, widowed 1,570,000 15%
Education and LanguageEstimate% the Total
School Enrollment that Children and Youth
Population ages 3 to 17 737,000 100%
Enrolled 661,000 90%
Not enrolled 76,000 10%
Population periods 3 to 12 359,000 100%
Enrolled 308,000 86%
Not enrolled 51,000 14%
Population ages 13 to 17 378,000 100%
Enrolled 353,000 93%
Not enrolled 25,000 7%
Population ages 18 come 24 1,527,000 100%
Enrolled 634,000 42%
Not enrolled 893,000 58%
Educational Attainment of Adults
Population periods 25 and older 8,677,000 100%
0-5 grade 1,160,000 13%
6-8 grade 1,330,000 15%
9-12 grade 1,289,000 15%
High institution diploma or equivalent 2,117,000 24%
Some university or associate’s degree 1,110,000 13%
Bachelor’s, graduate, or professional degree 1,671,000 19%
English Proficiency
Population ages 5 and also older 10,890,000 100%
Speak just English 848,000 8%
Speak English "very well" 2,919,000 27%
Speak English "well" 2,476,000 23%
Speak English "not well"/"not in ~ all" 4,648,000 43%
Top 5 Languages talked at Home
Population eras 5 and older 10,890,000 100%
Spanish 7,908,000 73%
English 855,000 8%
Chinese 384,000 4%
Tagalog 186,000 2%
Portuguese 138,000 1%
WorkforceEstimate% of Total
Labor force Participation
Civilian populace ages 16 and older 10,378,000 100%
Employed 6,803,000 66%
Unemployed 484,000 5%
Not in the labor force 3,090,000 30%
Top markets of Employment
Civilian employed populace ages 16 and also older 6,803,000 100%
Construction 1,352,000 20%
Accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment, and also recreation 1,158,000 17%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services 956,000 14%
Manufacturing 650,000 10%
Retail trade 566,000 8%
EconomicsEstimate% of Total
Family Income
Below 50% the the poverty level 1,305,000 12%
50-99% of the poor level 1,516,000 14%
100-149% of the poor level 1,869,000 17%
150-199% the the poor level 1,520,000 14%
At or above 200% the the poverty level 4,768,000 43%
Access to health Insurance
Uninsured 5,716,000 52%
Home Ownership*
Homeowner 3,202,000 29%


Source: this 2018 data result from Migration policy Institute (MPI) evaluation of U.S. Census bureau data from the pooled 2014–18 American ar Survey (ACS) and also the 2008 inspection of Income and also Program participation (SIPP), weighted come 2018 not authorised immigrant population estimates provided by Jennifer van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University.

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Note: because that U.S., state, and also county estimates of the unauthorized populace potentially eligible because that the Deferred action for Childhood arrivals (DACA) program, click here.

Data-related notes* “Homeowners” are unauthorized immigrants residing in dwellings that space owned, no rented.

+ includes the following Colorado counties: Adams, Broomfield, clear Creek, Douglas, Elbert, Gilpin, and also Jefferson, and portions the Arapahoe, Boulder, and Weld counties.

++ NECTAs express to brand-new England City and Town Areas, geographical entities identified by the U.S. Census office for usage as alternatives to counties in the six-state brand-new England region.

Estimate for China includes Hong Kong however excludes Taiwan; calculation for Korea contains South Korea and North Korea.“School Enrollment the Children and also Youth” describes unauthorized immigrants that reported attending school or college at any type of time in the three months prior to the survey.For languages, “Chinese” contains Mandarin, Cantonese, and other Chinese languages; “English” includes English, Jamaican Creole, Krio, Pidgin Krio, and also other English-based creolian languages; “French” contains French, Patois, and Cajun; “Pacific Island languages” consists of Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, Sebuano, Chamorro, Guamanian, Marshallese, Trukese, Tongan, and also other Austronesian languages, however excludes Tagalog and Filipino, which space reported separately; “Portuguese” consists of Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole; “Sub-Saharan African” includes Swahili or various other Bantu languages, Mande, Fulani, Kru, and also other unspecified african languages; “Tagalog” consists of Tagalog and also Filipino. For industries, “Other services” are various services, not including the following services noted separately: (1) professional, scientific, management, administrative, and also waste monitoring services; (2) education services; (3) health and social services; and also (4) accommodation and also food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation. “-” approximates are zero, no applicable, or not shown due to little sample size.Percentages might not add up come 100 as result of rounding.

Methodology in Brief:

MPI’s technique uses info from the SIPP to assign legal status to noncitizens in the ACS. In the SIPP, noncitizens report whether they right now have lawful long-term resident (LPR) status—i.e., a environment-friendly card. Those there is no LPR status might be recent refugees, momentary visitors (e.g., worldwide students or high-skilled H-1B workers), or unauthorized immigrants. Our technique maps characteristics such as nation of birth, year that U.S. Entry, age, gender, and also educational attainment in between the two surveys, and also those noncitizens in the ACS who have characteristics comparable to those reporting LPR status in the SIPP room coded as LPRs in the ACS. The staying noncitizens—who are comparable in features to those not reporting LPR status in the SIPP—are classified together either not authorised or legal short-term migrants, depending upon whether they accomplish the qualifications for H-1B and the various other temporary visa classifications. Approximates of not authorised immigrants space weighted to complement control totals (benchmarks) for immigrant from a set of beginning countries and world regions. These regulate totals are calculated by individually the variety of legal immigrant from the total of all immigrants for each country and an ar that are captured in the ACS data. The number of legal immigrants is estimated by including up every legal admissions from each nation and an ar in every year—using department of landscape Security administrative data—and then reducing this number to account for deaths and also emigration of legitimate immigrants. Finally, the innocuous immigrant populace estimates are readjusted upward contempt to account because that the undercount the this population in the ACS.

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MPI’s overall technique was emerged in consultation through James Bachmeier of temple University and Jennifer van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, populace Research Institute. For much more detail top top the methods, see MPI, “MPI Methodology because that Assigning Legal standing to Noncitizen respondent in U.S. Census Bureau survey Data.” The regulate totals were arisen by Jennifer van Hook. These approximates have the same sampling and coverage errors as any type of other survey-based estimates that depend on ACS and other Census bureau data.

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