May Day, 2006, immigration march in Los Angeles. Photograph by Jonathan McIntosh via Wikimedia Commons


According to the U.S. Room of Homeland security (DHS), an approximated 2,610,000 innocuous immigrants lived in California in 2018, contrasted to 2.76 million in 2015, 2.5 million in 2000, and 1.5 million in 1990. This number to represent 22.9 percent the the whole unauthorized immigrant populace estimated come reside in the United claims (11.39 million in 2018). About 6.6 percent the California"s populace was estimated to be unauthorized immigrants, v a bulk (about 50 percent) native Mexico. Throughout the entire United States, an estimated 5.4 million unauthorized immigrant were from Mexico, up from 4.7 million in 2000.

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A little more recently, the Migration plan Institute estimated, that in 2019, the unauthorized immigrant populace of California was 2,739,000. This is the largest such populace in any type of U.S. State, surpassing next-ranked Texas by nearly one million additional persons.

In 2014, the Public policy Institute of California, estimated the innocuous immigrant populace in California come be mainly from Latin American (78 percent) through a declining bulk being native Mexico (52 percent). Further, around a tenth that the state"s workforce was composed of not authorised immigrants and also 12.3 percent the California"s K-12 school children had an not authorised immigrant parent.

Los Angeles County

DHS walk not sell unauthorized immigrant estimates specifically because that U.S. Counties. The Migration plan Institute, however, approximates the number particularly in Los Angeles ar in 2019 to it is in 951,000 (see table below), nearly 10 percent that the county"s entire populace and the greatest concentration in any type of U.S. County. The not authorised immigrant populations linked in the five boroughs (counties) of brand-new York City are estimated to it is in 600,000. In Harris County, Texas (Houston), the number is 481,000. In Dallas County, Texas (Dallas), it is 293,000. In chef County, Illinois (Chicago), that is 257,000. In Miami Dade-Monroe Counties, Florida (Miami), it is 198,000.

The Migration policy Institute estimated that, in 2016, the innocuous immigrant populace in Los Angeles County was most focused in south east Los Angeles County, Eastern mountain Fernando Valley and also the mountain Gabriel Valley. The college of southern California facility for the examine of Immigrant Integration reported that, in Los Angeles County, in 2016, 80 percent of undocumented persons to be Latino, 10 percent were asian or Pacific Islander, and 3 percent were white. It more reported that 68 percent that undocumented immigrants had lived in the United says for much more than 10 years and also that 852,000 U.S. Citizen Angelenos and also 273,000 legal long-term resident Angelenos lived through an undocumented family members member. An unified with an approximated 886,000 Angelenos who were undocumented, that come to about 1 in 5 occupants of Los Angeles County who were one of two people undocumented or living through a household member that was undocumented.

* every the U.S. Room of countryside Security, "Unauthorized immigrant" is defined as a foreign-born non-citizen who is not a legitimate resident. Many unauthorized immigrant either entered the United states without gift inspected in ~ the United states border or were admitted temporarily and stayed past the date they were compelled to leave. Various other terms commonly used in public discourse space "illegal immigrant," "illegal alien," "unauthorized immigrant" or "undocumented immigrant."

Profile of the innocuous PopulationLos Angeles County

2019 Estimates

DemographicsEstimate% that TotalFamily RelationshipsEstimate% of TotalEducation and LanguageEstimate% of TotalWorkforceEstimate% the TotalEconomicsEstimate% of Total
Unauthorized Population951,000100%
Top countries of Birth
El Salvador112,00012%
Regions that Birth
Mexico & main America754,00079%
South America19,0002%
Europe, Canada, Oceania21,0002%
Years of U.S. Residence
Under 5135,00014%
Under 1636,0004%
Parental Status
Population period 15+920,000100%
Reside through at least one U.S.-citizen kid under 18280,00030%
Reside through noncitizen youngsters only under 1871,0008%
Reside through no children569,00062%
Marital Status
Population period 15+920,000100%
Never married395,00043%
Married to a U.S. Citizen95,00010%
Married come a legal long-term resident (LPR)52,0006%
Married come non-U.S. Citizen/non-LPR234,00025%
Divorced, separated, widowed144,00016%
School Enrollment of kids & Youth
Population age 3-1745,000100%
Not enrolled5,00010%
Population period 3-1221,000100%
Not enrolled3,00014%
Population period 13-1724,000100%
Not enrolled--
Population period 18-2498,000100%
Not enrolled54,00055%
Educational Attainment the Adults
Population age 25+805,000100%
Grade 0-5143,00018%
Grade 6-8147,00018%
Grade 9-12136,00017%
High college diploma or GED180,00022%
Some college or associate’s degree92,00011%
Bachelor’s, graduate, or professional degree107,00013%
English Proficiency
Population age 5+945,000100%
Speak only English40,0004%
Speak English "very well"213,00023%
Speak English "well"201,00021%
Speak English "not well"/"not at all"491,00052%
Top 5 Languages talked at Home
Population age 5+945,000100%
Labor pressure Participation
Civilian population age 16+915,000100%
Not in the job force272,00030%
Top industries of Employment
Civilian employed population age 16+601,000100%
Accommodation & food services, arts, entertainment, & recreation93,00015%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, & waste monitoring services76,00013%
Other solutions (except public administration)61,00010%
Family Income
Below 50% the the poor level102,00011%
50-99% the the poor level149,00016%
100-149% the the poverty level168,00018%
150-199% that the poor level151,00016%
At or over 200% that the poverty level382,00040%
Access to wellness Insurance
Home Ownership

** A homeowner here is an not authorised immigrant resident in a home that they very own rather than rent.

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Source: Migration policy Institute analysis of U.S. Census bureau data from the pooled 2015-19 American community Survey (ACS) and also the 2008 inspection of Income and also Program joining (SIPP), weighted to 2019 innocuous immigrant population estimates detailed by Jennifer valve Hook of Pennsylvania State University.