Obama indicators an executive order in the Oval Office in march 2015. (Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images)

Barack Obama averaged fewer executive, management orders per year in office than any U.S. President in 120 years. The executive orders that did issue, however, confront an uncertain future under president Donald Trump, that has identified some of Obama’s orders as “illegal and overreaching.”

Obama authorize 277 executive, management orders throughout his eight year in office, or 35 every year. It is slightly fewer than the 36 every year the George W. Shrub issued and also the shortest average because Grover Cleveland, who issued 32 per year throughout his eight nonconsecutive years in office, according to data native the American Presidency project at the college of California at Santa Barbara. Overall, Obama ranks 16th amongst presidents in total number of executive order issued and also 21st in the average number issued every year.

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Historically, the use of executive, management orders peaked under Franklin D. Roosevelt, who issued 3,721, or 307 for yearly of his tenure. Woodrow Wilson, Calvin Coolidge and also Theodore Roosevelt also issued an ext than 1,000.

It’s essential to note that executive, management orders are simply one kind of unilateral activity presidents can take. Other varieties include presidential memoranda or proclamations, which also can an outcome in far-reaching policy changes. Obama, because that example, freshly used proclamations come create brand-new national monuments in Nevada and Utah. This analysis focuses on executive orders alone due to the fact that of data limitations for other species of executive action. (Presidents are compelled to count and also publish executive, management orders yet are no obligated to release memoranda or proclamations.)

In terms of topic matter, Obama’s executive, management orders typically were comparable to those the his recent predecessors, follow to a Pew research study Center evaluation of nationwide Archives data. Obama, Bush and also Bill Clinton, for instance, all supplied executive order most typically to make transforms related to government commissions, plank or committees. The next most frequent group for all three presidents relates to government agencies and employees.

If Trump walk reverse some of Obama’s executive, management orders, he i will not ~ be the an initial president come undo or change a predecessor’s orders. Indeed, Obama authorize 30 executive, management orders that amended or revoked present ones, follow to the nationwide Archives.

In one especially noteworthy example, 2 executive orders by George W. Shrub amended an bespeak by Clinton, which had modified an executive, management order the Ronald Reagan offered to revoke a previous stimulate by Jimmy Carter, who an initial amended a regulation order developed by Gerald Ford. Obama, in turn, eliminated the pair that George W. Shrub amendments with another executive order.

Correction: An earlier version that this short article incorrectly stated Obama produced the Deferred activity for Childhood Arrivals routine by executive order.

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Note: This version and accompanying chart have been updated indigenous a previous variation to encompass final statistics because that Obama.

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