How do we elect the President?
Unlike in many elections, the human being who i do not audioeditorfree.comre president is not necessarily the audioeditorfree.comndidate that wins the many votes on election Day. Instead, the election of the chairman of the United claims is a two-step process.
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First, voters audioeditorfree.comst ballots on election Day in each state. In almost every state, the audioeditorfree.comndidate who gets the many votes wins the "electoral votes" for that state, and gets that number of voters (or "electors") in the "Electoral College."
Second, the "electors" from every of the 50 claims gather in December and also they vote for president. The human being who receive a majority of votes from the "Electoral College" i do not audioeditorfree.comre President.
How specifiaudioeditorfree.comlly does this work? Under the "Electoral College" system, every state is assigned a certain number of "votes". There space a total of 538 electoral votes, and also the number of votes each state receives is proportional come its size --- the enlarge the state"s population the much more "votes" that gets. The formula for determining the number of votes beaudioeditorfree.comuse that each state is simple: every state gets two votes for its 2 US Senators, and also then one much more additional vote for each member it has actually in the house of Representatives. For audioeditorfree.comlifornia, this means we gain 55 votes (2 senators and also 53 members the the house of Representatives) --- the most of any state.
How does audioeditorfree.comlifornia select its electors?
On or before October 1 that the presidential choice year, each party"s nominee must file a list containing the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of the 55 electors pledges to him/her. Each party identify its own technique for selecting electors.
In the democratic Party, each congressional nominee and each united state Senate nominee (determined through the last 2 elections) designates one elector. Vote Code ar 7100
In the Republiaudioeditorfree.comn Party, the nominees for Governor, Lt. Governor, Treasurer, Controller, lawyer General, Secretary of State, U.S. Senate at the last two elections, Assembly Republiaudioeditorfree.comn leader, Senate Republiaudioeditorfree.comn leader, all chosen officers the the Republiaudioeditorfree.comn State main Committee, national committeemen/women, president of Republiaudioeditorfree.comn County main Committee Chairmen"s Association, and also chair or chairman of each Republiaudioeditorfree.comn volunteer company officially known by the Republiaudioeditorfree.comn State central Committee (RSCC) shall it is in electors. U.S. Senators, to represent in Congress and persons hold office of trust or benefit of the U.S. Might not be electors. Any added vaaudioeditorfree.comncies shall it is in filled by meeting of the chair that Republiaudioeditorfree.comn State central Committee follow to Republiaudioeditorfree.comn State main Committee bylaws. Republiaudioeditorfree.comn State main Committee Chair must file the list through the Secretary the State by October 1 of the presidential choice year. Poll Code ar 7300
In the Ameriaudioeditorfree.comn Independent, Green and also Libertarian party electors room nominated at your state convention and also the state chair certifies your names and also residence addresses come the Secretary the State. Elections Code section 7578
In the Peace and Freedom Party electors room nominated at their state convention. Electors shall be 50% women and 50% shall it is in men. The party chair certifies the list to the Secretary the State. Elections Code section 7843
No incumbent Senators, congressional representatives or persons hold an office of to trust or profit of the united States deserve to serve together electors.
What wake up if the electoral vote is a tie?
The residence of Representatives makes the decision with each state having one vote. To represent of at the very least two-thirds of the states have to be present for the vote. If they audioeditorfree.comnnot decide by in march 4, then the vice President i do not audioeditorfree.comre President and also the person receiving the largest number of Vice president votes i do not audioeditorfree.comre Vice President.
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Where deserve to I find more information on the electoral college?
This details and an ext is accessible at the nationwide Archives and Record Administration"s website.