The 117th U.S. Congress took office in January, with Democrats holding small majorities in the House and also Senate.
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Apart indigenous its political makeup, the new Congress different from prior persons in various other ways, consisting of its demographics. Below are 7 charts that display how the demography profile of conference has changed over time, using historical data native CQ role Call, the Congressional research study Service and other sources.
To determine the demographics of the 117th Congress, we pulled data from freshly published Pew Research center analyses and also other previously work. Since not every members of the 117th Congress were seated ~ above Jan. 3, 2021, and also because some then-filled seats are now empty or adjusted hands due to the fact that that time, previously published data originates from several dates. For an ext information ~ above the methodology of formerly published posts, please visit the original links, which room in the message of this post.
Data top top the education attainment the members of Congress contains the 532 voting members the the legislature as of march 3. Data is attracted from the U.S. Congress Biographical brochure and, once relevant, other official biographies and news reports.
All data clues reflect just voting members the Congress, except for the analysis of females in the legislature.
The current Congress is the many racially and also ethnically diverse ever.Overall, 124 lawmakers determine as Black, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander or native American – make up23% the Congress, consisting of 26% the the residence of Representatives and 11% that the Senate. Through comparison, as soon as the 79th Congress take it office in 1945, non-White lawmakers represented just1% of the House and also Senate.
Despite this cultivation racial and also ethnic diversity, Congress continues to be less diverse than the nation as a whole: Non-Hispanic White american account for 77% of poll members in the new Congress, considerably more than your 60% share of the U.S. Population.
The number ofwomen in Congressis in ~ an all-time high.About a century after Republican Jeannette Rankinof Montana came to be the an initial woman chosen to Congress, there are 144 women in the national legislature, audit for a document 27% of all members across both chambers.(This contains six nonvoting residence members who stand for the ar of Columbia and U.S. Territories, 4 of whom are women.)
A document 120 ladies are currently serving in the House, accounting for 27% that the chamber’s total. There room 24 females in the Senate, one fewer than the record variety of seats they organized in the last Congress. In four states – Minnesota, Nevada, brand-new Hampshire and also Washington – both senators room women, under from six claims in the vault Senate.
The House has actually seen slow but steady growth in the variety of women members due to the fact that the 1920s. Expansion in the Senate has actually been slower: The Senate did no have more than 3 women offer at any allude until the 102nd Congress, which started in 1991. And the re-publishing of females in Congress remains far listed below their share in the country as a entirety (27% vs. 51%).
The number of Millennials and also Gen Xers in Congress has risen contempt in recent years. In the existing Congress, 7% of residence members, or 31 lawmakers, are Millennials (born between 1981 and also 1996), up from 1% in the 115th Congress. A 3rd of home lawmakers, or 144 members, are Gen X (born from 1965 to 1980), increase from 27% 2 Congresses earlier.
This year experienced the swearing-in that the an initial Millennial senator: Democrat Jon Ossoff of Georgia. The variety of Gen X senators has gradually ticked increase from 16 in the 115th conference to 20 this year.
While younger generations have actually increased their representation in conference in recent years, older generations quiet account because that the bulk of lawmakers across both chambers. Infant Boomers (born between 1946 and also 1964) consist of 53% of the House’s poll membership, in enhancement to 68 that the 100 senators.
The ranks of the silent Generation (born in between 1928 and also 1945) have lessened in recent years, native 10%, or 42 members, at the start of the 115th congress to 6%, or 27 members, in the existing Congress.
The re-publishing of immigrants in Congress has ticked upbut remains well listed below historical highs.There are 18 foreign-born legislator in the 117th Congress, including 17 in the House and just one in the Senate: Mazie Hirono, a Hawaii Democrat who was born in Japan.
These lawgiver account for 3% that legislators, slightly higher than the share in other recent Congresses but listed below the share in much previously Congresses. In the 50th congress of 1887-89, because that example, 8% the members were born abroad. The current share that foreign-born lawmakers in conference is likewise far below theforeign-born shareof the U.S. As a whole, which to be 13.6% together of 2019.
While the variety of foreign-born legislator in the current Congress is small, much more members haveat the very least one parentwho was born in another country. Together, immigrants and also the kids of immigrants account because that at least 14% that the new Congress, a slightly greater share 보다 in the last Congress (13%).
Far under members of Congress now have straight military endure than in the past. In the present Congress, 91 members offered in the armed forces at some allude in their lives – the shortest number since at least human being War II, follow toMilitary Times. Over there are much more than double as many Republican veterans (63) in the brand-new Congress together Democrats (28). Equal shares the senators and also representatives (17%) have served in the military.
While the number and share that veterans in Congress overall have decreased, the newly chosen freshman course includes 15 together lawmakers.
Looking in ~ the longer term, there has beena dramatic decreasein members of congress with army experience because the so late 20th century. In between 1965 and also 1975, at least 70% of lawgiver in every legislative chamber had actually military experience. The re-superstructure of members with armed forces experience peaked in ~ 75% in 1967 because that the House and also at 81% in 1975 because that the Senate.
While relatively couple of members of conference today have actually military experience,an even smaller re-publishing of Americansdo. In 2018, about 7% that U.S. Adults had actually military experience, under from 18% in 1980, not lengthy after the end of the armed forces draft era.
The vast bulk of members of Congress have actually college degrees.The share of representatives and senators v a college level has steadily boosted over time. In the 117th Congress, 94% of home members and also all senators have a bachelor’s degree or much more education. Two-thirds that representatives and also three-quarters of senators have actually at least one graduate degree, too. In the 79th conference (1945-47), through comparison,56% of house members and also 75% of senatorshad bachelor’s degrees.
The education attainment that Congress far outpaces the of the as whole U.S. Population. In 2019, roughly a 3rd (36%) of American adults periods 25 and older said they had completed a bachelor’s degree or much more education, follow toU.S. Census office data.
Congress has becomeslightly more religiously diverseover time.The present Congress consists of the an initial two Muslim women ever to serve in the House and has the fewest christians (468) in 12 Congresses analyzed by Pew Research center dating back to 1961. Despite this decline, Christians room still overrepresented in congress in proportion to their share of the public: practically nine-in-ten conference members room Christian (88%), compared with 65% that U.S. Adult overall.
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By contrast, spiritual “nones” are underrepresented in congress in comparison v the U.S. Population. If 26% of american say they space atheist, agnostic or “nothing in particular,” just one lawmaker – Sen. Kyrsten Sinema, D-Ariz. – states she is religiously unaffiliated.