Voter fraud is rare. One study uncovered just 31 credible insurance claims of fraud amid more than 1 billion votes cast because the rotate of the century.

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With less than 2 weeks till the election, Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump has amped increase charges the the election is “rigged” against him. His running mate, Indiana Gov. Mike Pence, has warned in ~ rallies around voter fraud “around the country.”

While voter fraud is rare — one study found just 31 credible claims of fraud amid an ext than a 1 exchange rate ballots cast because 2000 — a few instances that voter fraud and voting irregularities have been uncovered ahead of the election. At the exact same time, there have been accusations the voter suppression throughout the U.S., as polite rights groups have said Trump’s instructions to supporters to “go examine out” polls in “certain areas” are a speak to to monitor minority votes.

Here’s a recap of reports of feasible election interference that have surfaced therefore far.

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Police said they discovered evidence that voter fraud in Indiana

The most influential recent instance of alleged voter fraud has been in Indiana, where the head of state police said last week the an ongoing investigation of a voter registration task turned up proof of fraud. The group under investigation, the Indiana Voter it is registered Project, submitted 45,000 voter it is registered applications this year indigenous citizens who space racial minorities.

Indiana State Police Supt. Douglas Carter claimed authorities had found examples that fraud. Carter did not share details of the nature the the alleged fraud no one how many instances the it had been found.

The group, which does nonpartisan registration yet is affiliated with Democrats, claims the examination is a Republican-led political hit job. Carter is a Pence appointee, and tensions heightened critical week when Indiana’s GOP Secretary that State Connie Lawson claimed “thousands” that name and also date-of-birth transforms on voting records could suggest to fraud. Lawson claimed she “turned … findings over to the state police, that are right now conducting an investigation into alleged voter fraud.” work later, she said the alters the office found might be legitimate.

On Tuesday, TargetSmart, a Democratic-affiliated team hired by Patriot bulk USA, stated an analysis it ran that the Indiana voter record kept by Lawson’s office found 837,000 voters with out-of-date addresses, 4,556 double registrations, 3,000 documents without bear dates and also 31 registered voter who are too young come vote.

“There is clearly bad, absent and incomplete data,” TargetSmart Chief executive Tom Bonier called the associated Press. “So if you’re seeing a lot of names changing or days of bear changing, it is likely because the info she had on the document is incorrect.”

The FBI is investigate reports that dead people were freshly registered to poll in Virginia

Local police and the FBI released an examination in so late September into 19 dead Virginians who had actually been re-registered to vote in Harrisonburg, Va. The examination came after ~ a clerk recognized the surname on a registration as the freshly deceased dad of a popular local judge. In an additional case, loved ones of a dead guy who was registered come vote received mail congratulating the man on registering.

All the registrations were submitted by a group referred to as HarrisonburgVOTE, which concentrated on obtaining voters signed up in the area the James Madison University, according to the Richmond Times-Dispatch.

“Oftentimes us hear our colleagues imply that voter fraud doesn’t exist in Virginia or is a myth,” state home Speaker wilhelm H. Howell claimed on a conference call around the examination last month. “Well, the does indisputably exist.”

Democrats rebutted.

“Nobody cast a vote.… There’s quiet no evidence of the going ~ above in the state,” Virginia residence Minority Leader David J. Toscano said the Washington Post. “But there is proof every time you turn approximately that the Republicans are trying to do it more challenging for citizens to poll in elections.”


Allegations of fraud have surfaced in Missouri, Texas, Oklahoma and Colorado

Cases that proven voter fraud in 2016, specifically those related to the presidential election, room few. However voting irregularities have actually led to accusations that fraud on numerous occasions in Texas, Oklahoma and Colorado, amongst other states.

In a Missouri state house race this summer, incumbent Penny ha won the democratic primary nomination through 90 votes, increased by a wave of absentee ballots — also though she opponent, Bruce Franks Jr., won the contest among in-person votes.

A judge later on ruled that an ext than 200 absentee votes to be improperly counted due to the fact that they were no sealed in envelopes. In a do-over that the election, Franks winner decisively. Jay Ashcroft, a Republican nominee for secretary that state — the office that oversees poll — pointed to the instance as voter fraud, despite the referee who dubbed for a 2nd election had actually blamed choice officials for the botched process.

Separately, the FBI is likewise investigating feasible voter fraud in Berkeley, a suburb that St. Louis where the mayor and his supporters have actually been accused of interfering v the absentee poll process.

Trump erroneously said a Pew study found widespread voter fraud

In recent weeks, Trump has cited a Pew report as proof of extensive voter fraud.

“If you look at her voter rolls, girlfriend will watch millions of civilization that room registered to vote — millions — this no coming from me, this is coming from Pew report and other places — millions of human being that are registered come vote that shouldn’t it is in registered come vote,” he claimed at the final presidential debate.

The report did no allege the 1.8 million deceased human being actually voted.... Pew stated that the is proof of the need to upgrade voter registration systems. on Trump’s comments about voter fraud

Trump to be referring come a 2012 Pew research that claimed 2.4 million voter registrations were no much longer valid or significantly inaccurate. More than 1.8 million dead people were provided as voters, the report said, and 2.75 million people were registered to vote in much more than one state.

According to, a nonpartisan watchdog group, Trump has been mistakenly citing Pew’s findings together indicative that voter fraud. “The report did no allege the 1.8 million deceased people actually voted. Rather, Pew said that the is proof of the should upgrade voter it is registered systems,” FactCheck states on its website.

Meanwhile, the righteousness Department have the right to no much longer deploy as numerous election observers

On Tuesday, the Justice department released component of its election plans, which encompass email and also phone hotlines as well as a website complaint form to report poll issues. Employees will be dispatched come polling locations to screen elections, though the department said it would certainly not disclose those monitors’ locations until closer to election day.

In 2012, the justice Department sent out observers to voting website in 13 says that were required to permit them entry into polling places. This year, the room plans to send observers to 4 states whereby there are certain court assignment in location that permit observers.

The reason for the cutback: a 2013 can be fried Court decision the struck under a significant portion that the Voting civil liberties Act that 1965.

“In the past, we have actually … relied greatly on choice observers, especially trained people who space authorized to enter polling locations and also monitor the procedure to ensure the it lives up come its legitimate obligations,” Atty. Gen. Loretta Lynch claimed to a Latino civil rights team this summer. “Our capacity to deploy them has actually been severely curtailed.”


U.S. Atty. Gen. Loretta Lynch
The department still plans come send hundreds of monitors to the polls in around 25 states, however those monitors will have less power. They i will not ~ be enabled through the doors the polling sites uneven election public official invite them.

But poll rights supporters are to win in court versus restrictive poll laws.

On Oct. 19, a panel of three judges in Kansas authorize a unanimous ruling saying eligible voters should have the ability to vote without providing proof the citizenship, complying with an appeals court judgment in September the blocked proof-of-citizenship vote provisions in Kansas, Alabama and also Georgia.

Civil rights teams have filed lawsuits end voter identification laws and other legislations they say promote voter suppression, racking up number of wins and also a couple of losses versus laws that have actually passed because the supreme Court eased federal regulate over the ability of particular states and also jurisdictions — plenty of in the south — to adjust voting rules.

Several claims have because pushed voter id laws and increased other constraints on voting, saying new laws are needed to avoid fraud. Democrats have countered that voter id rules and related legislations suppress the votes that minority teams such together African Americans and lower-income voters, who have tendency to poll Democratic.

Many suits are still pending, consisting of a case against Alabama’s picture ID regulation that goes to trial in 2017. The many notable win for polite rights advocates came this summer in north Carolina, whereby a federal appeals court struck down the state’s voter id law and also other restrictions since they “target afri Americans with virtually surgical precision.” The can be fried Court refused to intervene.

Recent cyberattacks raised fears over the defense of U.S. Vote systems

After cyberattacks lugged down significant U.S. Websites last week and WikiLeaks published hacked autonomous Party emails, tech experts say that worries about election day hacking aren’t unwarranted — but that the chance of lock happening is unlikely.

That’s the takeaway native Bruce Schneier, chief modern technology officer in ~ the IBM-owned security company Resilient, that runs the blog Schneier on Security.

In one interview through Journalist’s Resource, a job based in ~ the Harvard Kennedy School’s Shorenstein center on Media, Politics and Public Policy,he claimed hacking concerns focused on voting rolls, touch-screen vote machines and tabulation system through which maker votes are merged into final results.

“All of those three areas are delicate to hacking, return the practical troubles of pulling turn off a effective hack are much more complex than is usually reported.… mine primary problem surrounding choice day is not that the election will certainly be hacked, yet that it will certainly be asserted to it is in hacked and also we will have no way to verify the it wasn’t,” he said.

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Jaweed Kaleem is The Times’ national race and also justice correspondent. Follow him top top Twitter, Facebook and Instagram.


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