For a four-year stretch in the mid-1930s, Shirley Temple—who to be born on April 23, 1928—was Hollywood"s greatest box-office attract every year. She traction in a one-of-a-kind Academy Award because that "her exceptional contribution to screen entertainment throughout the year 1934" once she was just 6 years old, and also her career yes, really took turn off after that. Below are 5 things you could not know about the display screen icon.

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1. She was protective of her drink.


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There are few things tastier for a boy than a non-alcoholic cocktail like the Shirley Temple, a refreshing concoction that grenadine and lemon-lime soda garnished v a maraschino cherry.

What walk the drink need to do with the child star, though? The imperial Hawaiian resort in Waikiki, among Temple"s favourite haunts in ~ the height of her fame, claimed to have invented the drink and also named it in honor of the hotel"s regular customer throughout the 1930s. Favor most any type of famous foodstuff, the royal Hawaiian"s insurance claim of producing the drink is debated, though; Hollywood"s legendary Brown Derby restaurant kept that it designed the drink throughout the same time period.

While the drink"s origins are murky, temple was clearly protective of the drink that mutual her name. In 1988 a California firm tried to sector Shirley T. Sparkling Soda; the former child star took umbrage at what she felt was the misappropriation of she name and also told The brand-new York Times, "I will fight it favor a tigress. All a celebrity has is their name."

The soda maker argued the the name Shirley temple had end up being a share term for the drink, but Temple still take it the agency to court, the 2nd time she"d had actually to go with the legal device to squash a soda company"s attempts to usage her name.

2. She was almost Dorothy Gale.


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The lead role in The wizard of Oz moved Judy Garland to stardom, yet it might have gone to a more established star in Temple. Producer Arthur Freed met with holy place in 1938 to comment on the possibility of having actually her headline the picture, but since Temple was beginning to lose her childish looks, he allegedly said, "First we shed the infant fat." (According come a later on memoir by Temple, Freed climate exposed self to her; needless come say, she ended up no taking the part.)

3. She accidentally inspired a Graham Greene masterwork.


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When Graham Greene was a young writer, he earned a small money by composing film reviews because that the British magazine Night and also Day. In a 1937 evaluation of Temple"s movie Wee Willie Winkie, Greene wrote, "Her admirers middle-aged men and clergymen respond to her dubious coquetry, to the sight of her well-shaped and also desirable small body, pack with enormous vitality, only due to the fact that the safety and security curtain of story and also dialogue drops between their intelligence and their desire." nice biting hatchet item on a 9-year-old.

Temple"s representatives immediately went after Greene and also the publishers the Night and also Day. They sued the writer and publishers because that libel; their case was successful to the song of $12,000 in damages.

The lawsuit could have had more comprehensive literary implications than anyone might have recognized at the time. Greene left the UK to travel in Mexico complying with the flap, i m sorry led some biographers come speculate the he acquired the heck out of evade to avoid being prosecuted and potentially imprisoned for criminal libel. If Greene was without doubt fleeing native the law, that made the many of his journey. He turned his experience in Mexico right into the novel many readers think about his masterpiece, The Power and also the Glory.

4. Hair favor that didn"t come easy.


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Temple was undoubtedly a great actor because that such a young child, however it didn"t hurt the she usually had actually a head full of perfect curls as soon as she stepped in prior of the camera. Together you could expect, offering a pre-teen together a meticulous hairdo was no tiny task. Before she turn in for bed every night, she mother had to set her hair in 56 closely planned curls.

Temple supposedly didn"t love the hairstyle; she preferred the shorter, tousled locks that her hero Amelia Earhart sported. Holy place did, however, recognize the worth of her trademark look. In 1938 she saw the Roosevelts at their Hyde Park estate; very first Lady Eleanor Roosevelt request the star to walk swimming with her, however Temple declined "because of mine hair."

5. She knew a thing or two around diplomacy.


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Temple hardly fit the stereotype that a one-time kid star. Back she could not have been a box office attract as one adult, she had actually quite a little bit of remaining power together a political appointee. Richard Nixon made temple the United claims Representative to the unified Nations, and she later served as U.S. Ambassador to Ghana under Gerald Ford. She served in the State department under Ronald Reagan and also held the write-up of Ambassador to Czechoslovakia under George H.W. Bush.

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Temple"s foray right into electoral national politics didn"t go rather so smoothly, though. In 1967 she ran for the house of Representatives together a Republican candidate in California but lost the end to longtime Congressman Pete McCloskey by around 19,000 votes.