Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao have actually a background of vault Zika Virus transmission. Over there is currently no evidence of an ongoing Zika Virus outbreak. However, there is minimal information accessible and there may be delays in detecting and reporting brand-new cases.

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Take meticulous anti-mosquito bite measures throughout the daytime. Pregnant travellers must seek counselling native a travel medication specialist and also carefully consider the risks associated with take trip to this country.

Description

Zika Virus epidemic is led to by the Zika Virus (ZIKV) belonging come the Flaviviridae family. The virus is primarily transmitted through infected daytime biting female Aedes aegypti and also Aedes albopictus mosquitoes which are typically active from dawn to dusk. There is proof that Zika Virus is also transmitted by other mosquitoes belonging to the Aedes genus. The virus can be transmitted native a pregnant woman to she fetus.

Risk

Zika Virus is present in Mexico, main America, south America, the Caribbean, tropical locations of south-east Asia, Oceania, and parts of Africa. Every travellers space at risk. Irreversible travellers and help or missionary employees going to locations where Zika Virus is endemic space at greater risk.

Zika Virus is associated with neurological complications: Guillain-Barré syndrome (progressive muscle weak that can lead to short-term paralysis) and microcephaly (decreased head dimension which may result in developmental delays) in babies born come pregnant women infected through the virus.


Is Zika Virus tho a risk?

Real-time data on Zika Virus outbreaks and transmission is frequently not available. This is because most civilization who end up being infected with Zika Virus perform not display signs or symptoms. In some countries, reputable reporting and monitoring solution that monitor virus transmission might not be available. Together a result, that is no always possible to convey a country’s present level of risk, however travellers need to take precautions where hazard exists.

All visitors going to areas with Zika Virus risk room advised to take mosquito bite precautions, particularly during the daytime. Pregnant women or couples considering pregnancy should consult a health care practitioner prior to travel.


Symptoms

In the majority of cases, Zika Virus epidemic is asymptomatic – persons do not exhibition symptoms. Those through symptoms usually acquire ill 3-12 work after gift bitten by one infected mosquito. Symptoms encompass mild fever, headache, muscle and also joint pain, nausea, vomiting, and general malaise. The condition is characterized by pink eye (inflammation of the conjunctiva), a skin rash with red clues on the face, neck, trunk, and also upper eight which have the right to spread to the palms or soles, and sensitivity to light. Part may likewise have a absence of appetite, diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, and dizziness. Most people fully recover indigenous the illness within 7 days. Treatment consists of supportive treatment of symptoms. Over there is no antiviral treatment available.

The Zika Virus is pertained to Dengue, Yellow Fever, West Nile Virus, and also Japanese Encephalitis. It might be misdiagnosed for Dengue and also Chikungunya.

Prevention

Travellers walk to locations with Zika Virus have to take meticulous procedures to protect against mosquito bites during the daytime. Over there is right now no precautionary medication or vaccine against Zika Virus.

Use a repellent include 20%-30% DEET or 20% Picaridin on exposed skin. Re-apply according to manufacturer"s directions.Wear neutral-coloured (beige, irradiate grey) clothing. If possible, undertake long-sleeved, breathable garments.If available, pre-soak or spray outer layer clothing and gear v permethrin. Eliminate water containers about dwellings and also ensure that door and window screens work properly. Apply sunscreen first followed by the repellent (preferably 20 minute later).
Pregnancy and also Zika Virus

tourists who are pregnant or considering pregnancy must take unique precautions for themselves and also their partners.

Pregnant women: If you are pregnant or to plan pregnancy, girlfriend should consider postponing travel to areas with risk of Zika Virus transmission. Avoid travel to areas with energetic Zika Virus outbreaks.

Travellers with a pregnant partner: Practice safe sex for the term of the pregnancy after return from an area through Zika Virus transmission.

Travellers considering pregnancy: after visiting an area at danger of Zika Virus transmission, guys should wait 3 months and women need to wait 2 months prior to trying to conceive. If both partners took trip together, they must wait 3 months.

Practice safe sex or abstinence also if girlfriend or your partner do not have actually symptoms. Most Zika Virus infections room asymptomatic (show no signs or symptoms), but sexual transmission of the virus can still occur.

Infographics

Download Pregnancy, Travel, and Zika Virus:

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Sources

Tesh RB, Solomon T. Japanese Encephalitis, West Nile, and Other Flavivirus Infections. In: Guerrant, R; pedestrian D; Weller P, eds. Tropical contagious Diseases. Third ed. New York: Saunders Elsevier; 2011: 511-514.

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Wertheim, Heiman; Horby, Peter; Woodall, John, eds. Atlas that Human transmittable Diseases. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012. 273 p.


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