A record 137.5 million americans voted in the 2016 presidential election, follow to new data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Overall voter turnout – characterized as the re-superstructure of adult U.S. Citizen who cast ballots – to be 61.4% in 2016, a share similar to 2012 but listed below the 63.6% that say castle voted in 2008.
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A number of long-standing fads in presidential elections either reversed or stalled in 2016, as black color voter turnout decreased, white turnout increased and the nonwhite share of the U.S. Electorate continued to be flat because the 2012 election. Right here are some crucial takeaways from the Census Bureau’s report, the data resource with the most comprehensive demographic and also statistical portrait that U.S. Voters.
1The black voter turnout rate decreased for the an initial time in 20 years in a presidential election, falling to 59.6% in 2016 after reaching a record-high 66.6% in 2012
. The 7-percentage-point decline from the ahead presidential choice is the biggest on record for blacks. (It’s likewise the biggest percentage-point decrease among any racial or ethnic group because white voter turnout dropped indigenous 70.2% in 1992 come 60.7% in 1996.) The number of black voters additionally declined, fallout’s by about 765,000 to 16.4 million in 2016, representing a sharp reversal indigenous 2012. Through Barack Obama on the ballot the year, the black color voter turnout price surpassed that of whites because that the very first time. Amongst whites, the 65.3% turnout rate in 2016 represented a slight boost from 64.1% in 2012.
2The number of naturalized-citizen voters reached 10.8 million in 2016, up from 9.3 million in 2012
. In a year as soon as immigration play a main role in the presidential campaign, turnout among naturalized-citizen voter (those that were immigrant born in an additional country who have actually naturalized to become U.S. Citizens) was 54.3%, increase from 53.6% in 2012. Overall, the voter turnout rate among foreign-born citizens trailed that of U.S.-born voters, who had actually a 62.1% turnout price in 2016. But amongst Asians and Hispanics – the country two largest immigrant teams – the pattern was reversed. In 2016, turnout amongst Asian naturalized citizens to be 51.9%, contrasted with 44.9% for U.S.-born Asians. Amongst Hispanics, naturalized-citizen turnout to be 53.4%, higher than the 45.5% turnout for U.S.-born Hispanics.
4Blacks, Hispanics, Asians and other gyeongju or ethnic minorities accounted for 26.7% of voters in 2016, a share unchanged from 2012.
Leading as much as the election, the as whole eligible voting population was the many racially and ethnically varied ever. However, whites consisted of 73.3% of voters in 2016, a share unchanged from 2012, once they accounted because that 73.7%. Meanwhile, blacks consisted of 11.9% of voters in 2016, down from 12.9% in 2012 – the an initial time due to the fact that 2004 that blacks have decreased as a share of voters. Hispanics have actually accounted for a farming share that the electorate for decades, and this trend continued in 2016, as soon as they made up 9.2% of voters, increase from 8.4% in 2012. Asians comprised 3.6% of all voter in 2016, up from 2.8% in 2012
5The voter turnout rate increased among Millennials and those in Generation X.
Millennials (those ages 20 to 35 in 2016) had a 50.8% voter turnout price in 2016, increase from 46.4% in 2012 once they were eras 18 to 31. Their turnout price increased throughout racial and also ethnic groups, with the exemption of black color Millennials, 50.6% of who turned the end in 2016, compared with 55.0% in 2012. This increase in the Millennial voter turnout price is no only since the generation has grown enlarge (older voters vote at greater rates 보다 younger voters), but likewise due come a higher turnout rate among its youngest members: 45.2% the 20- come 24-year-olds vote in 2016, up from 43.6% in 2012. Generation X (those ages 36 come 51 in 2016) turnout was 62.6%, up from 61.0% in 2012. By contrast, the voter turnout rate among older generations was flat. Turnout for baby Boomers (those ages 52 come 70) was 68.7% in 2016, contrasted with 68.9% in 2012, while amongst the Silent and also Greatest generations (those ages 71 and older), it to be 70.1% in 2016, compared with 71.8% in 2012.
Note: article No. 5 in this post and also its corresponding chart, “Millennial and Gen X voter turnout raised in 2016,” were updated ~ above Oct. 5, 2018, come reflect the Center’s revised meaning of the Millennial generation
6The voter turnout rate amongst women was 63.3% in 2016, mainly unchanged indigenous 63.7% in 2012. The rate increased among white women, to 66.8% in 2016 indigenous 65.6% in 2012. However it decreased amongst black females (64.1% in 2016 matches 70.7% in 2012). Amongst Hispanic women, the turnout rate stayed flat: 50% in 2016, compared with 49.8% in 2012. Meanwhile, among men, the voter turnout price stayed flat (59.3% in 2016 matches 59.7% in 2012), rolling the rate amongst women.
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Correction: notes in the charts “Share of voters who space white unmodified in 2016” and also “Millennial and Gen X voter turnout enhanced in 2016 … and among Millennials, black turnout decreased” have actually been repair to reflect each chart’s correct universe of voters.