National Background and Context
Each year, a vast cross section of people in the unified States achieve abortions. In 2017, 862,320 abortions were provided in clinical setups in the unified States.
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The U.S. Can be fried Court well-known the constitutional best to abortion in the 1973 Roe v. Walking decision and has reaffirmed that best in succeeding decisions.
However, due to the fact that 2010, the U.S. Abortion landscape has grown progressively restrictive as more states adopt laws enemy to abortion rights. Between January 1, 2011 and also July 1, 2019, says enacted 483 new abortion restrictions, and these account for practically 40% of all abortion restrictions enacted by states in the decades since Roe v. Wade. Some of the most common state-level abortion limitations are parental notice or consent demands for minors, restrictions on windy funding, mandated counseling designed to dissuade people from obtaining one abortion, mandated waiting periods prior to an abortion, and also unnecessary and overly burdensome regulations on abortion facilities.
•Approximately 862,320 abortions developed in the United says in 2017. The resulting abortion price of 13.5 abortions per 1,000 ladies of reproductive period (15–44) to represent an 8% decrease native the 2014 rate of 14.6.<1>
•In 2017, 132,680 abortions were listed in California, though not all abortions that developed in California were noted to state residents: some patients may have actually traveled from various other states, and also some California inhabitants may have traveled to one more state because that an abortion. There to be a a 16% decrease in the abortion price in California between 2014 and also 2017, from 19.5 to 16.4 abortions every 1,000 ladies of reproductive age. Abortions in California stand for 15.4% of all abortions in the unified States.<1>
Where Patients attain Abortions
•In 2017, there were 1,587 facilities providing abortion in the unified States, representing a 5% decrease native the 1,671 facilities in 2014. 16 percent of infrastructure in 2017 were abortion clinics (i.e., clinics where an ext than fifty percent of all patient access time were for abortion), 35% were nonspecialized clinics, 33% to be hospitals and also 16% were personal physicians" offices. Sixty percent of every abortions were detailed at abortion clinics, 35% at nonspecialized clinics, 3% in ~ hospitals and also 1% in ~ physicians" offices.<1>
•There to be 419 facilities providing abortion in California in 2017, and also 161 that those to be clinics. This numbers represent a 6% rise in clinics native 2014, when there to be 512 abortion-providing framework overall, of which 152 were clinics.<1>
•In 2017, 89% the U.S. Counties had no clinics providing abortions. Some 38% of reproductive-age women lived in those counties and also would have had actually to travel in other places to obtain an abortion.<1> Of patient who had actually an abortion in 2014, one-third had actually to travel an ext than 25 miles one means to reach a facility.<2>
•In 2017, some 40% that California counties had actually no clinics that listed abortions, and also 3% of California women stayed in those counties.<1>
Restrictions ~ above Abortion
In California, the following restrictions ~ above abortion to be in effect as that January 1, 2021:An abortion might be performed at or after ~ viability only if the patient"s life or health and wellness is endangered.
1. Jones RK, Witwer E and also Jerman J, Abortion Incidence and also Service accessibility in the joined States, 2017, brand-new York: audioeditorfree.com Institute, 2019.
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2. Fuentes L and Jerman J, street traveled to acquire clinical abortion care in the unified States and reasons for clinic choice, journal of Women’s Health, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2018.7496.