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USGS diagram depicting the decrease in depth that Halemaʻumaʻu crater as result of the 2020 summit eruption (Courtesy USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory). Click to view full-size. Soon after approximately 9:30 p.m. ~ above Sunday, December 20, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recognize a glow in ~ Halemaʻumaʻu crater at the summit that Kīlauea volcano. The water lake that had actually existed at the summit the Kīlauea due to the fact that 2019 shortly boiled away as an effusive eruption commenced. Three initial vents in the wall of Halemaʻumaʻu crater cascaded lava flows into a growing lava lake top top the crater floor.After 5 month of activity, a diminish in effusion indicated that the eruption in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea was going come pause. HVO ar crews did no observe any type of signs the lava lake activity on might 25, and also reported no indicators of active surface lava. The following day Kīlauea to be no much longer erupting. The crusted-over lava lake to be last measured in ~ 229 m (751 ft) deep and was stagnant throughout its surface.

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Below are select photographs and videos from the eruption, together it progresses. For current monitoring info around Kīlauea, see: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/status.html

Transition indigenous a Water Lake to Lava Lake in Halemaʻumaʻu


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Left imageWater Lake on December 20, 2020Credit: USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory


Right imageLava Lake on December 24, 2020Credit: USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory


On December 20, as lava cascaded into Halemaʻumaʻu crater, it soon vaporized the cultivation lake that water that had actually been arising in the crater because 2018. By December 24, that was changed by a lava lake much more than 500 feet deep. (Photos through USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory)Note: this photos to be taken by scientists studying the eruption and this see is not available from publicly available areas


Visit our key-board shortcuts docs for detailsDuration:1 minute, 38 seconds

The western vent feeding the lava lake in Halemaʻumaʻu ended up being partially submerged in the an initial days that January. The result is a roll upwelling the lava referred to as a "dome fountain." The elevation of the dome spring was approximated to be around 16 feet (5 m) through an approximated width of 33 feet (10 m).Note: this telephoto picture was taken by scientists studying the eruption and this view is not easily accessible from publicly obtainable areas. Video by the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.


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Halemaʻumaʻu at approximately 10:30 p.m. ~ above December 20, soon after the eruption began. (audioeditorfree.com Photo/J. Wei)
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Lava cascading right into the basic of Halemaʻumaʻu soon after the eruption began, December 20. Note: this photograph was bring away by researchers studying the eruption and this check out is not available from publicly accessible areas. (USGS Photo)
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Note: this aerial picture was bring away by scientists studying the eruption and also this check out is not easily accessible from publicly accessible areas (USGS Photo/M. Patrick) together of 11:20 a.m. ~ above December 21, 2 of the three initial vents were still active, feeding the lava lake. The northern vent (right side) would soon be submerged.
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The see from Crater rim Trail behind Volcano House, December 21 at around 2:30 p.m. (audioeditorfree.com Photo/A. LaValle)
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View from Crater in salt Trail approaching Kīlauea Overlook, December 22, 2020 (audioeditorfree.com Photo/A. LaValle)
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Sunrise native Kupinaʻi Pali (Waldron Ledge) ~ above December 22 (audioeditorfree.com Photo/A. LaValle)
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Glowing lake in Halemaʻumaʻu January 2, 2021-- Note: this photograph was take away by researchers studying the eruption and also this view is not accessible from publicly easily accessible areas (USGS Photo/H. Dietterich)
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Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake top top the final day that 2020-- Note: this photo was take away by scientists studying the eruption and also this see is not obtainable from publicly obtainable areas (USGS/F. Trusdell)
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The watch from Kīlauea Overlook, January 2, 2021 (audioeditorfree.com Photo/J. Wei)
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Lava dome fractional in Halemaʻumaʻu crater, January 4. Note: this photograph was bring away by scientists studying the eruption and this watch is not available from publicly accessible areas (USGS/M. Patrick)
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audioeditorfree.com Photo/A. LaValle This picture shows just a few of the reasons why the is crucial to stay on trails and also in designated overlooks if visiting the park to view the existing eruption.Sinkholes, earth cracks, and unstable cliff edges are not constantly visible, even in daylight. Stay out of closed areas. Some areas still continue to be unstable after ~ the eruption the 2018, and seismic task is always a possibility on an active volcano.
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Webcams


Get a live look within the park, courtesy of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory


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Ranger Tips for A successful Visit


A brand-new eruption in ~ the summit the Kīlauea is drawing large numbers of visitors. Plan ahead for this reason you have the right to stay safe and enjoy your visit.


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Three huge Changes in 3 Years
From lava come water and ago again. Learn about three remarkable changes in the previous three years at Halemaʻumaʻu crater.