In the moments before he died, King George V do an eerily specific prophecy for his son and future king:“After ns am dead, the boy will destroy himself in 12 months”.
You are watching: How long was edward viii king
No one would have quite thought how such events would have played out once Edward VIII met his future wife, the American divorcee Wallis Simpson.
Born top top 23rd June 1894, the inherited the throne on his father’s fatality in January 1936, just to abdicate months later on 11th December 1936, sending the monarchy and also country turn into crisis mode.
Edward had actually been Prince of Wales since the period of sixteen and taken part in a variety of overseas tourism as component of his royal duty. This trips were goodwill diplomatic exercises meant to rise the profile of the monarchy whilst maintaining an excellent relations. Edward was simply the man for the task as his more laid-back, informal format helped him acquire a form of celebrity status more associated with Hollywood 보다 monarchy.
As a dashing standard bachelor, Edward made the most of his youth, engaging in plenty of relationships and enjoying the high society lifestyle. His dalliances with countless women was made all the more controversial by the fact many of them to be married. His quest of pleasure and more relaxed style started to issue not only his father, but also the British element Minister in ~ the time, Stanley Baldwin.
It to be at this time, approaching forty, that his partnership with his dad deteriorated. In contrast to George V that epitomised duty and also responsibility, Edward to be keen to reap himself and also forged a new kind the celebrity status.
In 1931, his future was sealed when he engaged in a liaison with the American, soon to it is in twice-divorced, Wallis Simpson. A controversial figure arising on the high society circuit, she was sophisticated and captivated Edward’s attention, representing the kind of way of life he so desperately craved.
Wallis Simpson would certainly prove to it is in a problematic candidate as the potential mam of the future king. Together an American she was no ideal, however, the many insurmountable boundary would certainly be her status as a divorcee. Through Edward shortly to it is in king, he would not just assume the role of reigning monarch, but also Supreme branch of the Church that England.
Whilst there to be no officially legal obstacle to your union, together there would have actually been had she to be a Catholic, Edward’s role as the head the the Church the England would have actually been explicitly compromised by their imperial marriage. The Church of England go not enable marriages come divorcees to take place in church.
The prospect of their union had substantial constitutional ramifications which neither appeared to be overtly mindful of, compounded further by the social and social expectations i beg your pardon not just his father had for him, but an ext importantly the basic public. Wallis Simpson to be not, and also never might be, a viable candidate as queen.
Nevertheless, top top the death of his dad George V in January 1936, Edward’s accession to be still viewed as a celebratory moment. The enthusiasm because that the new king however was about to dissipate in the following months at a rather alarming rate.
From the beginning his laissez-faire mindset with regard come his duty and also royal responsibilities verified a matter of problem for his courtiers.
Made worse at this vital moment in european relations, was his noticeable interest and also affection because that Germany and Adolf Hitler. Edward had previously travelled to Germany on one of his countless foreign trips together Prince the Wales. Initially visiting in 1912, his affection for the country grew and would prove problematic once the unfolding conflict of the 2nd World war would call into inquiry his allegiances.
Edward quickly showed himself to ignore royal and also constitutional protocol, keeping his standing as a pleasure-seeker above all else.
His attitude towards responsibility was no welcomed when he was king, but his engagement come Wallis Simpson only a couple of months into his reign set the wheels in movement for his departure.
Unsurprisingly, the marriage was opposed, not only by his own family yet by the prime Minister as well. A prospective queen consort through the baggage of previous relationships would substantially compromise her capacity to uphold the social and social expectations that the day, not to cite its straight infringement that Edward’s function as Head the the Church of England.
A constitutional situation proved inevitable and also Edward to be keenly conscious of the fact that Stanley Baldwin and also his federal government would need to resign if the marriage was to walk ahead. Thus, a political situation would ensue, forcing through an additional general election and also proving Edward’s i can not qualify to uphold his royal and constitutional duty.
Left with no an option but still much more determined than ever before to marry Wallis Simpson, Edward in a bid to prevent a full-scale constitutional dilemm abdicated, leaving his younger brothers George vi as the new king.
On 16th November 1936 he spoke to element Minister Baldwin, informing the of his plans come abdicate so that he might marry grandm Simpson.
A month later, the deed was done and also the throne to be passed on to George VI, leaving Edward come console himself through a power that lasted every one of three hundred and also twenty-six days, one of the shortest on record.
Whilst the instant political dilemm was evaded by such a choice, the damages to the family, their status and also the ethics upheld through the school of constitution monarchy to be clear for all to see.
Upon hearing the news granny Simpson fled the country, protection in the splendour that the southern of France. Top top 12th December, Edward fled come the continent together well, travel on board a marine destroyer.
His search of delight came at a cost.
After his abdication and also the accession of his brother, that was given the title of the fight it out of Windsor.
With naught standing in his way, that went ahead with his plans and on third June 1937 at a exclusive ceremony at the Château de Candé in Tours, the fight it out of Windsor and Mrs Simpson married.
Whilst the Church of England refuse to ratify the marriage, Reverend Robert Anderson Jardine offered to execute the ceremony i beg your pardon turned the end to be an extremely modest affair, v not one member that the royal household in attendance. Not even Lord Mountbatten, considered to it is in Edward’s closestly friend, to visit the event.
The fight it out of Windsor would remain resentful that his brother, now George VI, for forbidding attendance that the ceremony. This animosity to be made worse by the king’s decision come withhold the title of imperial Highness to the currently Duchess that Windsor. There is no the title and also with a jae won settlement, the slight against the couple was felt really keenly through a spurned Edward.
With their fate together a celebrity pair and imperial non-persons now sealed, the Duke and also Duchess to be to live the remainder of your days in the vapid splendour and also opulence they so desperately craved.
Only a few months after ~ marrying, the Duke and Duchess determined to visit Nazi Germany whereby they were courted with the reverence and also style the they had constantly wanted. Such deference appealed come them greatly.
With the development of the 2nd World War, the close relationships of the pair with Germany and also members the the Nazi party ended up being of great concern. The was thought that Hitler and the party usually felt that Edward’s abdication to be a loss for them. The couple’s evident sympathy for fascism and involvement through Germany proved incredibly complicated to navigate. As the Germans got into France in 1940, the Windsors fled an initial to neutral Spain and then come Portugal. Anxious to store the Windsors out of the grasp of Berlin but unwilling come let them return to Britain, Churchill offered the battle each other the place of governor of the Bahamas. The Windsors dallied in Lisbon so long that Churchill was claimed to have threatened the battle each other with a court-martial (he had actually been do a Major-General and attached to the British military Mission in France) if lock did no leave immediately to take it up the position!
By supplying the appointment of branch of the Bahamas, Churchill ensured the duke was maintained away from occasions in Europe, yet Edward resented the role greatly.
By the finish of the battle Edward and also Wallis would live out the rest of your days in retirement in France, never ever again stop an official role.
As component of the high culture crowd they would travel, visit various other high-profile figures and also attend many parties, living the way of life of emptied celebrity that probably Edward had constantly wanted.
See more: How Many Nascar Races A Year, 2021 Nascar Cup Series Schedule
He did no attend the coronation the his niece, currently Queen Elizabeth II, In 1953 and would live the rest of his days out in France, continuing to be married to Wallis until in 1972 his wellness failed him and he happen away.
Edward VIII was a controversial figure. Devoid of the sense of duty for this reason characteristic of his father, he hurry his family members and country into crisis, leaving every such duties behind in the pursuit of a loving relationship with Wallis Simpson.
The union the Edward and also Wallis seemed to confirm their standing as imperial pariahs whilst permitting them to maintain their liven agenda as social butterflies. His decision to pick Wallis end his royal duty ultimately could never be reconciled.
Jessica brain is a freelance writer specialising in history. Based in Kent and a lover of all things historical.