A truck the dimension of the Ford F-150 needs a lot of energy because it is heavy and must press a the majority of air aside as it drives. It is why pickups gain poor-to-middling gas mileage, and also it is why the F-150 Lightning EV’s 300-mile extended-range battery will be a bear to recharge conveniently using a Level 2 AC house charger.
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Recognizing the overnight charging to 100 percent is a need for EV drivers, Ford has arisen its own residence EV-charging wall box, and also that an equipment is included with the choice of the optional extended-range battery as soon as buying a Lightning.
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“The battery, us can carry out a larger one,” observed F-150 Lightning chief engineer Linda Zhang, “But if you can’t fee it overnight, those the point?”
After all, client will desire to begin their day with a totally charged battery, not currently in the hole and looking for DC fast-charging methods or hoping to end up topping the battery off while at work. If the owner uses the truck for work, the is particularly unhelpful scenario!
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It takes a lot of power to quickly recharge a large battery; much more power than deserve to be delivered by today’s regular wall boxes or vehicles’ onboard chargers. Ford’s solution was to install dual parallel on-board chargers that have the right to handle the avalanche the electrons necessary to conveniently charge the battery pack.
Then, Ford essential a suitable wall surface box to deliver that avalanche. Most 240-volt Level 2 AC chargers peak out in ~ 40 amps. The ChargePoint HomeFlex is easily accessible in a 50-amp design that charges even faster, yet that quiet isn’t enough for the Lightning’s battery.
“In bespeak to gain the overnight charging us needed, us installed dual chargers as well as upped the amperage the that wall surface box to have the ability to deliver 80 amps of service and also get a lot much more power v there therefore we can charge the battery quicker and get overnight come full,” Zhang explained.
The double onboard chargers are wired together v the solitary plug from the wall surface box, so it is not favor the job of the standard dual-fuel tank Jaguar XJ sedans that could take a fuel filler water tap in each of its two fuel fillers. “We still have actually just the one plug that you would certainly plug in from the wall box to the vehicle, yet it goes through two chargers,” she said. “It is usually twin inverters in the automobile that go to the battery.”
Jaguar land Rover
To power this beast that a wall surface box, the owner will require to have an electrician cable it to a 100-amp circuit in the home’s breaker box. Some world are even connecting the wall surface box come its very own power meter, Zhang said. While the box is 80 amps, utilizing a 100-amp circuit to strength it provides some breathing room. “The electrician would must run 100-amp organization to the wall box,” Zhang said. “That is commonly what end up needing to happen just to carry out a little bit that buffer.”
The robust power link works both ways, therefore the truck can send much more power come the home through the wall surface box in the occasion of a power failure. And solar panels are much more effective as soon as they have actually a financial institution of batteries to also out strength delivery. Using the Lightning in concert v rooftop solar renders the van a mobile tantamount of Tesla’s PowerWall home battery bank.
The result of this an effective connection v the Ford Charge station Pro 80-amp wall box and the twin onboard chargers of the extended-range battery Lightning van is the ability to charge the truck’s fill from 15 fee to 100 percent in eight hours. Making use of the 48-amp Ford linked Charge station would take 13 hours, and using the 32-amp Ford cell phone Charger the comes through each Lightning, plugged into a dryer outlet or the equivalent, would take 19 hours.
The smaller standard-range, 230-mile battery pack will fee in 14 hours using the dryer plug and also Mobile Charger and also takes ten hours to charge utilizing the 48-amp linked Charge Station wall box. The traditional battery still needs ten hours to charge v the 80-amp Charge terminal Pro since that automobile doesn’t have to twin onboard chargers crucial to make use of the extra power available.
DC rapid chargers charge EV battery even much more quickly, yet those aren’t suitable for residence charging, Zhang explained. DC fast chargers expense significantly more than Level 2 AC wall boxes, because that one thing.
Ford engine Co.
For another, fast-charging is difficult on batteries, so it is something the is best only excellent on the road, as needed, and not every day at house as a consistent practice. “This is a lot cheaper solution, a much more affordable systems for our customers v that Level 2 charging versus a DC fast charge,” she said. “DC rapid charges room quick and also they are great for ~ above the go, however it is no something that we’d necessarily desire our client to perform on a daily basis due to the fact that it is just not an excellent for the battery.”
In fact, having actually the capacity to charge easily at house should minimization how regularly those DC fast chargers space needed, helping rise battery life. “What we’re trying to do here is provide that increased capability so you have the right to charge in ~ home and get come full and not need to leverage a DC quick charger together often,” Zhang noted.
When that is necessary, the Lightning’s 400-volt battery pack have the right to employ such chargers in ~ 150 kilowatts the power. Vehicles favor the Porsche Taycan and also Audi e-tron GT have 800-volt batteries and power electronics that will charge at 270 kW. Utilizing a charger that is capable of power levels greater than 150 kW will certainly not charge the Lightning above that level.
However, we uncovered in our experimentation of the Mustang Mach-E EV the charging with those higher-level chargers was faster than charging through one rated in ~ 150 kW because the charger spent more of its time close to the 150 kW maximum.
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Ford states the Lightning will certainly take 44 minutes to charge from 15 percent to 80 percent because that the standard-range battery and that the extended range models will certainly reach 80 percent fee in 41 minutes.