/tiles/non-collection/w/wilson_addressing_congress_lc_web.xml image courtesy that Library of conference On December 13, 1913, Woodrow Wilson offered the very first in-person yearly Message because the 18th century.

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consisting of President Donald J. Trump’s 2020 address, there have actually been a total of 97 in-person annual Messages/State that the Union Addresses. Because President Woodrow Wilson’s 1913 address, there have been a complete of 85 in-person addresses.

In 1945, president Franklin Roosevelt"s deal with was review to a joint Session of the audioeditorfree.com and also Senate. Since the president did not deliver the address, it does no count together an in-person address.

Origins and Authorization

The official basis because that the State of the Union resolve is from the U.S. Constitution:

The chairman “shall indigenous time to time give to the Congress details of the State the the Union, and recommend come their factor to consider such procedures as the shall judge necessary and expedient.” post II, section 3, i 1.

The constitutionally mandated presidential message has gone through a couple of name changes:

It to be formally recognized as the annual Message indigenous 1790 come 1946.It began to be informally referred to as the "state the the Union" message/address indigenous 1942 come 1946.Since 1947 it has actually officially been well-known as the State that the Union Address.

Earlier annual Messages the the president included agency budget requests and also general reports on the health of the economy. During the 20th century, Congress required more-specialized reports on these 2 aspects, different from the yearly Message.

Budget Message, forced by the National budget plan and audit Act the 1921 (42 Stat. 20) to be ceded to congress no much more than 2 weeks after congress convenes in January.Economic Report, forced by the Employment act of 1946 (60 Stat. 23), with a flexible shipment date.

end time, as the article content changed, the focus of the State of the Union additionally changed:

In the 19th century, the annual message to be both a an extensive administrative report top top the assorted departments that the executive branch and a budget and also economic message.After 1913, once Woodrow Wilson restored the exercise of presenting the blog post to conference in person, it became a platform for the chairman to rally support for his agenda.

Technological Change

First radio transfer of Message: chairman Calvin Coolidge, 1923. First live webcast on Internet: president George W. Bush, 2002. First high an interpretation television transfer of Message, chairman George W. Bush, 2004.

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Record Holders

The longest: president James Earl (Jimmy) Carter 33,667 words in 1981 (written). President william J. (Bill) Clinton 9,190 words in 1995 (spoken).1Average length: 19th century was about 10,000 words; so late 20th century, about 5,000 words.Most Messages/Addresses given: chairman Franklin Roosevelt, 12 (10 were personal appearances before Congress).


1The American Presidency task at UC Santa Barbara, http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/sou.php (January 16, 2014).