You are watching: How long has the shutdown been
The United states partial government shutdown, which began with a Republican bulk House on Dec. 22, 2018 and also ended 35 days after that Friday v a short-term funding bill, was the longest in U.S. History.
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At 1:30 p.m. Friday, chairman Donald Trump addressed reporters native the White House and announced the tentative deal to finish the shutdown until Friday, Feb. 15. Federal employees who have actually missed 2 paychecks throughout the partial government shutdown will additionally get earlier pay.
Capitol Hill officials said the Washington Post congressional leaders and also President trump will proceed talks top top his demand for $5.7 billion toward a U.S.-Mexico border wall.
» RELATED: Shutdown now squeezing seniors, family members in subsidized housing
The last government shutdown to prolong 20 days to be under former President invoice Clinton’s administration.
"Every hour that goes by this week without a deal provides it more and an ext likely that part 800,000 federal employees – even those who have been forced to job-related over the 17 job of the partial shutdown, would not be obtaining paid," audioeditorfree.com"s Jamie Dupree formerly reported.
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A timeline of past federal shutdowns
Feb. 9, 2018 (one day)
Why? A budget plan agreement featuring boost in army spending, disaster relief funds and an expansion to CHIP was denounced by many, including residence Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and also Sen. Rand Paul for no addressing immigration and also protecting DACA"s recipients (or "Dreamers").
Then what? conference agreed come the $400 billion deal, which Trump signed.
Jan. 20-22 2018 (three days)
Why? A Senate immigration bill under trump card failed to pass. Democrats want the invoice to resolve the resources of the Deferred activity for Childhood come (DACA) program, yet Republicans claimed the deadline wasn"t till mid-March.
Then what? Democrats got to a compromise to proceed negotiations until Feb. 8. "If an agreement isn"t reached by February 8, the Senate will immediately proceed to consideration of legislation managing DACA," Senate decimal Leader lining Schumer formerly said.
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Oct. 1-17, 2013 (16 days)
Why? Ted Cruz and also House conservatives insisted on delaying Obamacare, which chairman Barack Obama rejected. The residence passed multiple versions; the Senate maintained sending them back.
Then what? Minor changes were made to Obamacare, consisting of income verification requirements, before Obama signed the security bill. Conference voted to expand the debt limit as well.
Dec. 5, 1995 come Jan. 6, 1996 (21 days)
Why? The longest shutdown in U.S. Background deals through that provision come balance the budget plan within seven years. Republicans wanted Clinton to use the Congressional budget plan Office"s economic forecasts, no the more optimistic Office of Management and also Budget forecasts.
Then what? Nothing, really. Republicans gave in and also Clinton submitted a plan with CBO forecasts ensuring a balanced budget within seven years.
» RELATED: Atlanta mayor: continued federal shutdown will impact airport workers, families
Nov. 13-19, 1995 (five days)
Why? previous President bill Clinton vetoed Congress" resolution packed v provisions that opposed, including increased Medicare premiums.
Then what? as negotiations continued, conference agreed to fund the federal government at 75 percent level for about a month. And despite his early opposition, Clinton agreed to a provision to balance the spending plan within seven years.
Oct. 5-9, 1990 (three days)
Why? previous President George W. Bush vetoed a spending bill without a deficit reduction plan, which that demanded. The house was unable to override the veto.
Then what? Congress came up v a joint resolution with a deficit reduction plan. Shrub signed it.
Dec. 18-20, 1987 (one day)
Why? Democrats and Republicans couldn"t agree on funding for Nicaragua"s Contras and also Democrats want to reinstate the "Fairness Doctrine" requiring well balanced political coverage by broadcasters.
Then what? The Contras received nonlethal aid, yet the Democrats offered up top top reinstating the "Fairness Doctrine."
» RELATED: In and Out: trump card selective about travel throughout shutdown
Oct. 16-18, 1986 (one day)
Why? too many of debates between Democrats and Reagan"s White House, consisting of a Democrat measure up to expand help to families with Dependent children (welfare). Time ran out prior to all next could concerned a resolution.
Then what? democracy dropped some demands but secured welfare expansion and concession concerning privatization of the general public railway, Conrail.
» RELATED: DEEPER FINDINGS: Shutdown might deplete Georgia"s food rubber stamp funding
Oct. 3-5, 1984 (one day)
Why? The three-day expansion (see below) came and went.
Then what? conference let go of both the civil rights issue and also water jobs package and passed Reagan"s wanted crime-fighting measure. Unrelated to the vault shutdown disputes, temporary capital was likewise decided because that Nicaragua"s anti-communist Contra guerrillas.
Sept. 30 - Oct. 3, 1984 (two days)
Why? A safety bill the passed in the House had a crime package Reagan wanted, but it also included a water projects package the opposed. In addition, democracy sought a reversal the the location IX Civil legal rights Act Grove City college v. Bell can be fried Court decision, which enabled exemptions for colleges the didn"t obtain federal funding however whose student did. Reagan protest this as well.
Then what? A transaction wasn"t got to in time, therefore the negotiations ongoing with a signed security extension.
Nov. 10-14, 1983 (three days)
Why? Reagan"s disputes over foreign assist spending cuts and also increases, plus the Democrats" $1 billion education spending bill, brought about a brief shutdown.
Then what? house Democrats reduced the spending down to approximately $100 million and funded the MX missile Reagan wanted, yet maintained your proposed foreign aid and defense cuts. They additionally got a ban on wildlife refuge for oil and gas. The brand-new bill likewise banned commonwealth employee health and wellness insurance coverage to money abortions unless the mother"s life was in danger.
Dec. 17-21, 1982 (three days)
Why? Two main reasons. Reagan wouldn"t sign two propose spending bills to develop jobs. And the residence refused to money Reagan"s Cold war MX missile program versus the Soviet Union.
Then what? nobody of the previously mentioned issues to be funded. The home proposed resources for legal support for bad Americans and increased resources for Israel, i beg your pardon Reagan signed right into law after ~ criticizing both strategies.
Sept. 30-Oct. 2, 1982 (one day)
Why? congress didn"t pass brand-new spending in time because leaders were, well, busy. "President Reagan invite all members of congress to a barbecue at the White House, while democrats were having a $1,000-a-plate fund-raising dinner," the brand-new York times reported in 1982.
Then what? Nothing. Security bills were signed a little later.
Nov. 20-23, 1981 (two days)
Why? former President Ronald Reagan vetoed a package of domestic spending plan cut legislation $2 billion short of exactly how much the sought.
Then what? A short-lived bill prolonged spending with Dec. 15 to permit time for a permanent resolution.
Sept. 30 come Oct. 12, 1979 (11 days)
Why? The home wanted come limit federal abortion spending to the stricter restrictions (mother"s life in danger) however the Senate wanted to keep capital abortions in cases of rape, incest and heightened mother"s wellness risk. The House likewise wanted come raise conference and senior civil servant salary by 5.5 percent, i beg your pardon the Senate opposed.
Then what? The weaken previously collection on Medicaid and also abortion was tightened to permit funding in situations of rape, incest, but not once the mother"s wellness was in danger. Funding was allowed, however, if her life remained in danger. The House likewise received that is 5.5 percent salary increases.
Sept. 30 - Oct. 18, 1978 (18 days)
Why? Carter vetoed a defense bill Congress passed, i beg your pardon included resources for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. He also vetoed a public works bill. Both, that believed, were wasteful projects. The abortion problem also added to the resources gap.
Then what? In the end, the previously vetoed bills were adjusted to to exclude, the jobs Carter opposed and the previous weaken on abortion remained.
Nov. 30 - Dec. 9, 1977 (eight days)
Why? The 2nd measure to allow more time because that negotiations on the abortion problem failed. The Senate proposed medicaid dollars be provided for abortions by victims of statutory rape, i m sorry the house rejected.
Then what? They at some point brokered a deal to permit Medicaid to additionally pay because that abortions result from rape or incest or abortions important to defend the mother and her health.
Oct. 31 - Nov. 9, 1977 (eight days)
Why? Unfortunately, the abortion problem continued despite the short-term measure for resolution.
Then what? Carter signed an additional bill to offer Congress much more time.
Sept. 30 - Oct. 13, 1977 (12 days)
Why? The Senate under former President Jimmy Carter search looser limitations on Medicaid usage to cover abortions, specifically for capital in situations of rape, incest or once the mother"s health was in ~ risk, before the Sept. 30 deadline. However the residence wanted to keep the limitations of the time, i beg your pardon only permitted Medicaid dollars to cover abortions if the mother"s life to be at risk.
Then what? The capital gap ended Oct. 31, and also negotiators to be given more time to concerned a resolution through a short-term measure finishing the shutdown.
Sept. 30 - Oct. 11, 1976 (10 days)
Why? former President Gerald Ford vetoed a resources bill because that the department of Labor and also Health, Education, and Welfare (or HEW, now separation into the department of Education and of Health and also Human Services).
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Then what? conference overrode the veto, yet it wasn"t until Oct. 11 that its continuing resolution to end the funding gap for various other parts that the government went into effect.