Treatment Overview

Cryotherapy (cryosurgery) destroys genital warts by freezing them with liquid nitrogen.

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A doctor applies liquid nitrogen to and also around the warts. First, the tissue is frozen with liquid nitrogen. Then, the tissue is permitted to thaw. The organization is frozen again, if needed. The time of application varies through the medical professional who uses the liquid nitrogen and also the dimension of the warts. The size and thickness that the warts identify the number and length that freeze/thaw cycles. Up to three treatments might be needed. You may have a mild to moderate burning sensation during the treatment.

Cryotherapy is generally done in your doctor"s office or clinic. A magnifying instrument might be offered to check out the abnormal tissue better.


What To suppose After Treatment

Recovery time counts on the location and variety of warts removed. Healing normally occurs in 1 to 3 weeks. ~ treatment, the complying with may occur:

Irritation, soreness, or soft pain may occur. Friend may have actually swelling. You may have actually dead tissue burned off. Sores or blisters may form.

Men and women

For men and also women that have had cryotherapy because that external genital warts, speak to your medical professional for any type of of the following:

A fever ongoing bleeding Bad-smelling or yellowish discharge, i beg your pardon may indicate an infection ongoing pain

Avoid intercourse till the treated area heals and the soreness is gone.

Women

Be aware of the adhering to after treatment for vaginal or cervical warts:

A watery vaginal discharge may occur for about 1 come 3 weeks. Restroom napkins need to be used rather of tampons because that 2 to 3 weeks. Avoid sexual intercourse or douching until the treated area heals, usually in 1 to 3 weeks.

Men

Men treated for genital warts top top the penis, scrotum, or in the urethra should avoid sex-related intercourse until the treated area is healed and also the soreness is gone. This is normally 1 come 3 weeks, depending upon the size of the area treated.


Why it Is Done

Cryotherapy might be done when genital warts space visible, farming in a small area (especially close to the anus), and bothersome.

Cryotherapy generally is not supplied when genital warts space widespread.


How well It Works

Experts agree that cryotherapy have the right to be helpful in removing genital warts.footnote 1 In part studies, cryotherapy removed warts in approximately 90 the end of 100 cases.footnote 2 however warts may flourish back. An ext than one treatment may be needed.

The removed of genital warts might not cure a human being papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The virus may remain in the body in an inactive state after warts space removed.


Risks

There are few complications after cryotherapy. Scarring is a slight risk.

The number and severity the side impacts depend ~ above the variety of freeze/thaw cycles used during cryotherapy and how huge an area to be treated.


What come Think About

Cryotherapy for outside genital warts deserve to be used safely during pregnancy.

Treating genital warts might not cure a human being papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The virus may remain in the body in an inactive state after warts are removed. A human treated for genital warts may still be able to spread the infection. Latex prophylactics may help reduce the risk of HPV infection.

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The benefits and also effectiveness the each type of treatment should be compared with the side effects and also cost. Talk about this with your doctor.