The time it takes ovarian cancer to develop varies. Some species progress from at an early stage to advanced stages in ~ a year.


The ovaries room two small, gland-like offal on either side of the uterus. Lock are linked to the uterus by ligaments.

Ovarian cancer occurs as soon as cancer cells are existing in, near (such together in the fallopian tubes), or ~ above the ovaries. The tiny size the the ovaries means that there may be no symptom of ovarian cancer till it grow or spreads.

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This write-up discusses what ovarian cancer is, just how it spreads, and also how come detect it.


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Cancer occurs when cells in the body thrive uncontrollably. Doctors provided to think that ovarian cancer occurred only when this occurred in the ovaries. They currently think the ovarian cancer begins at the ends of the fallopian tubes.

According to the nationwide Ovarian Cancer Coalition (NOCC), 1 in 78 females will obtain a diagnosis the ovarian cancer during their lifetime.

There are countless different species of ovarian cancer. Each kind traces back to one of three cell varieties in the ovaries:

Surface epithelium: These are cells on the external lining the the ovaries.Germ cells: These room the cells that type eggs.Stromal cells: These space hormone-releasing cell that connect the different ovarian structures.

Epithelial ovarian tumors

Epithelial ovarian tumors are masses that type on the external lining of the ovaries.

Having an epithelial ovarian tumor does no necessarily average that a person has actually cancer. This type of tumor deserve to be benign, borderline, or malignant.

Benign epithelial ovarian tumors carry out not spread or reason cancer. Different types of light epithelial ovarian tumor encompass Brenner tumors, cystadenomas, and also others.

According come a 2019 review of research, a borderline epithelial ovarian tumor is one the spreads with the epithelial cell without influence the other tissues roughly the ovaries.

Borderline tumors generally thrive slowly and also have better outcomes than other ovarian cancers.

Carcinomas describe malignant ovarian epithelial tumors. Most cases of malignant ovarian cancer room epithelial ovarian carcinomas, which deserve to be any type of of the following:

serous carcinomas clear cell carcinomas mucinous carcinomas endometrioid carcinomas

Ovarian germ cabinet tumors

Ovarian germ cabinet tumors are cancers that begin in the egg cells. This type of cancer is rare, accounting for under 2% of every ovarian cancers.

It has actually a generally good outlook, with most people surviving because that 5 year or longer after diagnosis.

Different varieties of ovarian germ cell tumor include:

Teratomas: These space tumors the resemble a developing embryo. Medical professionals sometimes contact them dermoid cysts.Dysgerminomas: These are slow-growing species of ovarian cancer that have tendency to impact females in your teenage years and also 20s.Endodermal sinus tumor and choriocarcinoma: These tumors have tendency to affect younger females and also may begin in the placenta throughout pregnancy.

Ovarian stromal tumors

Ovarian stromal tumors account for roughly 1% of all ovarian cancer diagnoses. An ext than fifty percent of these cases are in females over the age of 50 years.

These tumors may reason vaginal bleeding and unusual facial and body hair growth. In part cases, they have the right to start to bleed and cause sudden, severe abdominal muscle pain.


Ovarian cancers grow and develop at various rates. Some species may grow very quickly.

According come the college of Kansas Cancer Center, ovarian cancer deserve to progress quickly. It have the right to go from early on stages to progressed stages within a year.

Malignant epithelial carcinoma, i beg your pardon is the most common kind of ovarian cancer, have the right to spread in ~ a matter of weeks to months.


There are 4 stages that ovarian cancer. Medical professionals break each phase down into substages relying on where the tumor appears and its size.

Stage 1: The cancer has actually not spread outside the ovaries.Stage 1A: The cancer is minimal to one ovary. Over there is no tumor top top the external surfaces.Stage 1B: The cancer is restricted to both ovaries. Over there is no tumor top top the outside surfaces.Stage 1C: The cancer is restricted to one or both ovaries, but there is a tumor on the surface ar of one or both ovaries.Stage 2: The cancer has actually spread come the uterus or other nearby organs.Stage 2A: The cancer has actually extended, metastasized, or both to the uterus, fallopian tubes, or both.Stage 2B: The cancer has extended to various other pelvic tissues.Stage 2C: The cancer is in ~ either phase 2A or 2B, yet there is a tumor top top the surface of one or both ovaries.Stage 3: The cancer has spread come the lymph nodes or lining the the abdomen.Stage 3A: The cancer is confined come the true pelvis.Stage 3B: There is a tumor in the abdomen the is smaller than 2 centimeters (cm) in diameter.Stage 3C: over there is a tumor in the abdomen the is larger than 2 cm in diameter.

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Stage 4: The cancer has spread to far-off organs, such together the liver or lungs.