The founders feared the masses. Cautious around granting powers to the basic voting public, they created a safety and security valve against popular will. The American civilization do no technically elect their President. Electors do.

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Grover Cleveland, presented on a $20 federal Reserve note from 1914, winner the well-known vote in his second election, yet lost the presidency because he failure to victory the electoral college.

Selection

According to the Constitution, the President offer a four-year hatchet of office. The 22nd Amendment additional requires that a President may not be elected an ext than twice, no one serve much more than a total of ten years. The Constitution additionally created one electoral college to pick the President.

Some of the founders wanted to pick a chairman by renowned vote, yet others go not want to placed that much power into the hands of the voters. Others thought that congress should pick the President, but then, what would happen to separation that powers and also checks and balances? so they compromised and created a special body of electors to be selected by the states. The number of electors would certainly be equal to the sum of a claims Senators and Representatives, so that big states would have an ext electors than the little ones.


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Some people think that the electoral college system offers some states an ext or less than your fair re-superstructure of votes. For example, California"s populace makes up about 12% the total U.S. Population, yet they receive only 10% of the nation"s electoral votes. This map reflects the changes made to the Electoral College based upon the 2000 census.

Today plenty of people think that the Electoral college is the end of date and that Presidents have to be chosen by straight election, simply as members the Congress room selected. By convention, state electors vote for the candidate that the people pick in the general election, however they space not necessarily bound to do so.


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Courtesy that the Gerald R. Ford Library
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Vice chairman Dan Quayle came to be the butt of numerous jokes when he misspelled the word "potato" while evaluate an elementary school spelling bee. Like many Vice Presidents before him, Quayle failed to win the following presidential election.

25th Amendment


Section 1.

In case of the removed of the chairman from office or that his death or resignation, the Vice chairman shall become President.

Section 2.

Whenever over there is a vacancy in the office that the evil President, the chairman shall nominate a angry President that shall take office upon check by a bulk vote that both dwellings of Congress.

Section 3.

Whenever the chairman transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the speaker of the house of to represent his composed declaration the he is can not to discharge the powers and also duties that his office, and also until he transmits to them a composed declaration to the contrary, together powers and also duties shall it is in discharged by the vice President as Acting President.

Section 4.

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Whenever the evil President and also a bulk of one of two people the principal officers of the executive departments or the such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmits come the President agree tempore of the Senate and also the speak of the residence of to represent their written declaration the the chairman is can not to discharge the powers and also duties the his office, the Vice chairman shall automatically assume the powers and also duties that the office as Acting President. Thereafter, as soon as the chairman transmits to the President pro tempore that the Senate and also the speaker of the house of to represent his created declaration the no inability exists, that shall resume the powers and also duties the his office uneven the evil President and a bulk of one of two people the principal policemans of the executive, management department or of such various other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within 4 days to the President pro tempore that the Senate and also the speaker of the house of representatives their created declaration the the president is can not to discharge the powers and also duties that his office. Thereupon congress shall decide the issue, assembling in ~ forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt the the last written declaration, or, if congress is not in session, within twenty-one job after conference is compelled to assemble, determines by two-thirds poll of both houses that the president is can not to discharge the powers and also duties of his office, the Vice chairman shall proceed to discharge the exact same as exhilaration President; otherwise, the chairman shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

Order of sequence to the Presidency



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