Medically reviewed by Saurabh Sethi, M.D., MPH — written by Tim Newman — update on October 21, 2020

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You are watching: How is the medical condition dyspepsia better known?

Dyspepsia, also known as indigestion, describes discomfort or pain that occurs in the upper abdomen, regularly after eating or drinking. It is no a an illness but a symptom.

Dyspepsia is a usual problem, affecting as much as 30% that the population. Typical symptoms include bloating, discomfort, feeling also full, nausea, and also gas.

In many cases, it happens after eating or drinking. Lifestyle changes can regularly help.

Other reasons include clinical conditions, such as gastroesophageal reflux an illness (GERD) and also the use of specific medications.

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A doctor will diagnose dyspepsia if a person has one or much more of the adhering to symptoms:

pain relating come the digestive systema burn sensation in the digestive tractfeeling too full after eatingfeeling full too quickly throughout eating

A person may also experience bloating and nausea.

A person can have symptoms also if they have not consumed a large amount.

Treatment for dyspepsia relies on the cause and also severity. Often, treating an underlying condition or transforming a person’s medication will mitigate dyspepsia.

Lifestyle treatments

For mild and also infrequent symptoms, lifestyle alters may help. These include:

avoiding or limiting the entry of cause foods, such together fried foods, chocolate, onion, and garlicdrinking water instead of soda limiting the entry of caffeine and also alcohol eating smaller sized meals much more ofteneating slowlymaintaining a middle weightavoiding tight-fitting clothingwaiting 3 hours or an ext before going to bedraising the head that the bed


For major or frequent symptoms, a doctor may recommend medication. World should speak to your doctor around suitable options and feasible side effects.

There are miscellaneous medications and treatments available, relying on the reason of dyspepsia.

Medication alternatives include:


These counter the results of stomach acid. Examples include Alka-Seltzer, Maalox, Rolaids, Riopan, and also Mylanta. These are over-the-counter (OTC) medicines that carry out not need a prescription. A doctor will usually recommend an antacid medication as one of the an initial treatments because that dyspepsia.

H-2-receptor antagonists

These reduce stomach mountain levels and also are more effective 보다 antacids. Examples encompass Tagamet and also Pepcid. Part are accessible OTC, if others space by prescription only. Some may bring a hazard of adverse effects. A physician can help a person pick a perfect option.

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)

PPIs minimize stomach acid and also are stronger than H-2-receptor antagonists. Examples are Aciphex, Nexium, Prevacid, Prilosec, Protonix, and Zegerid.


These can aid boost the activity of food through the stomach. Examples include metoclopramide (Reglan). Side results may incorporate tiredness, depression, anxiety, and also muscle spasms.


If a Helicobacter pylori epidemic is leading to peptic ulcers that an outcome in indigestion, a doctor might prescribe an antibiotic. Side impacts may include an uncomfortable stomach, diarrhea, and also fungal infections.


Sometimes, a trouble with the central nervous system can lead to cradle problems. A short dose of one antidepressant may aid resolve it.


Chronic indigestion can affect a person’s quality of life and also overall well-being. Counseling may assist some human being manage this issues.

Options might include:

biofeedbackhypnotherapyrelaxation therapy

Drug interactions

If a who medication appears to it is in a trigger for indigestion, a doctor might recommend adjusting the medicine dose or type.

It is essential to change medications just under the supervision of a doctor.

Indigestion can result from way of living or diet habits, a medical condition, or the usage of part drugs.

Common causes of indigestion include:

dietary factorssmokingobesitystress

If over there is no identifiable structural or metabolic cause, a physician will diagnose functional dyspepsia.

Dyspepsia can also be a symptom of a wide range of health conditions, including:

GERDpeptic ulcer diseaseliver diseasegastritis, or inflammation of the stomachhiatal herniainfection, specifically with H. Pyloriceliac diseaseirritable bowel diseaseirritable bowel syndrome

In pregnancy

Dyspepsia is usual during pregnancy, particularly in the critical trimester. This is as result of hormonal changes and also the means the fetus presses versus the stomach.

A physician or pharmacist can recommend safe ways to control indigestion during pregnancy.

Many human being experience soft dyspepsia native time to time and also manage it through lifestyle changes or OTC medication.

However, anyone who has frequent indigestion or worsening symptoms should seek medical help.

People should see a physician if they have the complying with symptoms together indigestion:

severe stomach painchanges in bowel movementsfrequent vomiting, particularly with traces that bloodblood in the stools or black color stoolsa lump in the abdominal muscle areaunexplained weight lossgenerally emotion unwelldifficulty swallowing foodyellow coloring in the eyes and also skinshortness the breathsweatingchest pain that spreads come the jaw, arm, or neck

A doctor will asking the human being about:

their symptomstheir personal and household medical historyany other wellness conditions and also medications the they room takingtheir dietary habits

They may additionally examine the chest and also stomach. This might involve pressing down on different parts that the abdomen to examine for areas that may be sensitive, tender, or ache under pressure.

In some cases, a doctor may use the following tests to rule out an underlying health condition:

Blood test: This deserve to assess for anemia, liver problems, and also other conditions.Tests because that H. Pylori infection: In enhancement to a blood test, this tests may incorporate a urea breath test and a stool antigen test.Endoscopy: The medical professional will use a long, thin tube with a camera to take photos of the cradle tract. Lock may additionally take a tissue sample because that a biopsy. This can assist them diagnose an ulcer or a tumor.

In rarely cases, severe and also persistent indigestion have the right to lead to complications. These include:

Esophageal stricture

Persistent exposure come stomach acid can reason scarring in the top gastrointestinal tract. The tract can come to be narrow and also constricted, causing difficulty with swallowing and chest pain. Surgery might be crucial to widen the esophagus.

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Pyloric stenosis

In some cases, stomach acid can cause long-term wake up of the pylorus, the passage in between the stomach and also the tiny intestine. If the pylorus becomes scarred, it can narrow. If the happens, a human may not be able to digest food properly, and also they may need surgery.


Over time, stomach acid can reason the lining the the digestive device to rest down, bring about an infection dubbed peritonitis. Medicine or surgery may be necessary.