Article I, section 2 the the constitution states: “The residence of representatives shall chuse your Speaker and other Officers...”

The speaker is the political and also parliamentary leader the the home of Representatives. The constitution mandates the office, but due to the fact that the at an early stage 19th century the and the separation, personal, instance Speakers have actually continually redefined its contours. Rooted in brother parliamentary practice, the early Speakers limited their roles to presiding over the and serving as its ceremonial head.

/tiles/non-collection/h/hh_1789_03_04_muhlenberg_hc.xml arsenal of the U.S. of RepresentativesAbout this thing Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg that Pennsylvania was chosen the an initial Speaker that the residence on April 1, 1789.

You are watching: How is speaker of the house elected

Over time, part Speakers aggressively pursued a policy agenda for the residence while rather have, in the words of speaker Schuyler Colfax that Indiana, “come to this chair to administer rules, but not as a partisan.” Regardless, the Speaker—who has constantly been (but is not required to be) a residence Member with the same obligations to his or her constituents prefer the various other 434 Members—is at the levers of power. The speaker is at the same time the’s presiding officer, party leader, and also the institution’s governmental head, among other duties.

The speak is elected at the start of a brand-new Congress by a majority of the Representatives-elect from candidates separately chosen through the majority- and minority-party caucuses. These candidates are chosen by their party members at the arranging caucuses held soon ~ the new Congress is elected. In instances of an unforeseen vacancy during a congress a new Speaker is elected by a bulk of the home from candidates previously favored by the 2 parties.

See more: How Many Children Does Jessa Duggar Have, How Many Kids Does Jessa Duggar Have

The speak of the is by law 2nd in heat to success the President, after ~ the angry President, and also 25th Amendment renders the speaker a component of the procedure announcing presidential disability.

Information on the existing Speaker, the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, is obtainable at the net site that the speak of the Speaker Pelosi is the 52nd individual to serve as speaker of the In total, 54 Representatives have served as Speaker. Seven individuals have actually served non-consecutively: Frederick Muhlenberg that Pennsylvania, Henry Clay the Kentucky, man W. Taylor of new York, cutting board Brackett Reed of Maine, Sam Rayburn that Texas, Joseph martin of Massachusetts, and Nancy Pelosi that California.